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The main aim of this essay is to analyse the relationship between the executive wing of the UK government and the legislative assembly in the UK.

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Introduction

The main aim of this essay is to analyse the relationship between the executive wing of the UK government and the legislative assembly in the UK. In order to do this it will be necessary to give an accurate description of the UK constitution highlighting its distinctive features and origins. This essay will also attempt to give an accurate description of the role of the prime minister in government and give an explanation of the cabinets' role. This essay will then go on to provide a clear explanation of parliament including its structures and processes. A constitution can be defined in many ways but it is basically a set of laws or rules on how a country is governed. There are two types of constitutions which are written and unwritten. The British constitution is considered to be unwritten (uncodified) due to the fact that it can be found in a variety of documents. An unwritten constitution allows for flexibility and change to occur without to many problems. There are five distinct features in the British constitution. First of all it has Cabinet government, it is a constitutional monarchy, and until 1982 its Parliament was supreme, it is also governed largely by conventions and usages that are irrevocable on the participants, and the rule of law is also established. The British constitution came about through a long historical evolution. ...read more.

Middle

If for whatever reason a minister does not agree with the Cabinets views or policies, he must resign. Overall the Prime Minister has total control and authority over the Cabinet. Government is split into different departments. For each of these departments a minister is appointed to head a specific department. Ministers are responsible for all the work carried out by their department and must be prepared to answer questions about their departments in the House of Commons. Parliamentary secretaries are employed to answer questions in the Commons for ministers who sit in the House of Lords. This system of parliamentary control over government departments was put into practise to prevent inefficiency and irresponsibility of government departments. Government departments include the Treasury, which deals with finances of the country; the Ministry of health, which manages the NHS; the Ministry of Defence; the Foreign office; the Home Office, which governs the police and other law and order institutions. The majority of the tasks involved in government departments are carried out by members of the civil service. Theoretically the queen is the legislative authority through Parliament. In effect the pair only occasionally come together. They come together at the opening of Parliament which consists of two houses - the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The House of Commons consists of 650 members - 72 from Scotland - 523 from England - 17 from Northern Ireland and 38 from Wales. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is usually government who introduce bills although members can introduce their own. Finance bills can only be introduced to the House of Commons. When a bill is introduced to the House of Commons or the House of Lords it is given three readings, if it passes the bill then gets sent on to the other house where the same procedure is carried out. If both houses pass a bill, that bill then becomes law. In theory the sovereign has the right and power to turn down a bill, this has not happened since the 18th century. It would appear that the House of Commons has more power than the Hose of Lords, as once a bill has been passed by the Commons, the House of Lords can do very little to stop or delay that bill. Also if a bill has been passes by the Commons for two consecutive sessions the House of Lords can not interfere with that bill. To conclude, this essay has defined the key characteristics on how Great Britain is governed. In doing this it has described the difference between a written and unwritten constitution using Britain and America to illustrate the differences. This essay has also outlined the duties of the prime minister, giving a description of his relationship to the Cabinet and its role in government. This essay then went on to explain the structure of Parliament giving an explanation of the work involved in the House of Commons and the House of Lords. Lynn Brown Politics B L01 1 ...read more.

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