• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12

'The new Palestinian Revolt',

Extracts from this document...


Mansoor Khan "St. Augustine tells the story of a pirate captured by Alexander the Great. "How dare you molest the sea?" asked Alexander. "How dare you molest the whole world?" the pirate replied. "Because I do it with a little ship only, I am called a thief; you, doing it with a great navy, are called an emperor."1 This extract from Noam Chomsky's book 'Pirates and Emperors' highlights the relativity of terms and labels, showing how different viewpoints result in different interpretations of the same incident. Chomsky uses the passage to discuss terrorism in its most literal sense as referring "...to the threat or the use of violence to intimidate or coerce (generally for political ends), whether it is the wholesale terrorism of the emperor or the retail terrorism of the thief." 2 To discuss the existence and morality of 'retail' and 'wholesale' terrorism using the above definition, the very cogent example of Israel will be used, firstly, to discuss its roots in pre-1948 action against the British in order to set a framework for comparison with present day Israeli actions and the reactions it faces as a result, in the Occupied territories of the Palestinians. Palestinian military activity is quickly dismissed by Israeli media and politicians alike as terrorism, but using the same formula, the innumerable Israeli campaigns cannot be classed as anything short of state terrorism for example the use of F-16s and Apache helicopters to bomb Palestinian townships or the bulldozing of refugee camps. ...read more.


Their situation is eloquently worded by Bishara, "If someone had told the Jews who formed 10 percent of Palestine's population at the turn of the last century that one day they would have a state spreading over 78 percent of the country with 80 percent of Jerusalem, they would have dismissed this as no more than a beautiful dream. If ...the other 90 percent of Palestine's population were told that one day they would give up three quarters of the land, after three quarters of their population had become refugees and they would be forced to live in 10-18 percent of their homeland perforated like a Swiss cheese by 200 illegal settlements protected by a nuclear armed neighbour... they would have thought the were being offered a nightmare."12 The present day reality of the nightmare is a root cause of the issue of Palestinian military activity. In the camps of frustration, refugees gave birth to vehicles of frustration, primarily the PLO that was recognised as the official voice of the Palestinians in the 1960s along with the appearance of the Al-Fatah movement. Groups such as Islamic Jihad and Hamas can also be added to the list. In December 1987, the culmination of years of facing, "nearly all the indignities visited on South African Blacks"13 in the Apartheid regime, the first 'revolt' occurred, popularly termed as the 'Intifada' or uprising, Then after Ariel Sharon's visit to Masjid - Al Aqsa, as it has been known for the past 1400 years, on September 2000, the second Intifada erupted. ...read more.


Any deliberate attempt to target children or the lack of an effort to avoid child casualties cannot ever be justified morally, although a political argument could be formulated, in the case of Palestinian actions toward Israeli children, the latter is easily applicable. Finally, as always the actions of the Other are quickly classified as terrorism, as the British did to Jewish groups in Palestine, as Begin explains, "General Mcmillan...thought that "terrorist" was too good for us, he claimed that it had acquired a certain aura of heroism... therefore the general ordered - they must not be called terrorists... but "murderers", "thugs""23 A cursory glance at the history of Ariel Sharon the current Prime Minister of Israel shows a worrying acceptance of the legitimacy of both retail and state terrorism. Sharon as head of Unit 101 was responsible for the massacre of 66 villagers at Qibya in October 1953, the massacre at Qalqilya in 1955; the murder of 273 unarmed prisoners, Egyptian soldiers and Sudanese workers, during the 1956 Suez invasion; the more famous massacres at the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps for which Sharon was found to be guilty by the Kahan commision24. History and present testify to the transition from retail to wholesale terror by Isreal supported by the fact that no less than two prime ministers prior to Sharon were deemed to be terrorists. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. Explain why the UNO decided to partition Palestine in 1948?

    However, the Jews claim that the Arabs left under orders by leading Arabs as the leaders threatened them not to stay. These two arguments have been the basis of the debate for many years, and there is evidence for both sides that suggests that either one could be true.

  2. Terrorism. What is terrorism? 2. Why do terrorists ...

    This is called terrorism in wars of liberation. An example of this was the Rhodesian War which lasted between 1972-1980. Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) was an African country controlled by a white minority. There were two groups which used terrorism to fight to free the black community from both Britain and the white minority.

  1. Beliefs - "One man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter."

    Certain people may not agree about the way their country or state is being run, or they may dislike the way they are being treated. In the case of Muslims and Jews, they have different opinions on who should be living in Israel.

  2. British policy towards Palestine in the creation of Israel, one must carefully analyze British ...

    In British strategic thinking, the Zionists appeared as a potential ally capable of safeguarding British imperial interests in the region. Furthermore, as British war prospects dimmed throughout 1917, the War Cabinet calculated that supporting a Jewish entity in Palestine would mobilize America's influential Jewish community to support United States intervention in the war.

  1. British Policy and the Creation of Israel

    recognized as the only perceivable way to satisfy both Jewish and Arab ambitions for Palestine and it was this system of partition that the UN would later implement in the aim of creating Jewish and Palestinian nations. While the Jew's accepted the Peel Report, the Arabs did not and violence

  2. History Coursework: The Arab-Israeli Conflict

    As tension increased thousands of Palestinians in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip took to the streets in protest. They made barricades from tyres, corrugated iron and building materials where they stoned Israeli army patrols. The Intifada shocked Israel and the surrounding Arab states.

  1. Assess the effectiveness of the Arab and Israeli peace initiatives from the 1970s to ...

    An intricate framework was structured for the three day Madrid Conference, followed by the start of negotiations. Two parallel negotiating tracks were established by Madrid: the bilateral track and the multilateral track. Four separate sets of bilateral negotiations put Israel together with Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and the Palestinian delegation, intended to resolve past conflicts and sign peace treaties.

  2. The Syrian Uprising

    Government Corruption: Like any other revolution by the people or probably most of them, one of the causes is having a corrupt government. The Syrian Government lead by the Ba'ath Party which is lead by the Assad family, exercises practically 100% full control over everything in Syria.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work