• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The power of the President is limited to the power to persuade. Discuss.

Extracts from this document...


?The power of the President is limited to the power to persuade.? Discuss. [45] The President of the United States of America is often characterised as ?the most powerful man in the world?. Why then, could he be accused of possessing no power other than the power to persuade? In his work ?Presidential Power? (1960), Professor Richard Neustadt famously claimed, ?The president?s power is the power to persuade?. This can be considered a sweeping generalisation, but the growing power of presidential persuasion is certainly not to be ignored. However, to say that the only power the president possesses is the power of persuasion would be to go too far. The President must be skilled in the art of persuasion as it does quantify a large portion of his role. Due to the separation of powers as laid out in the Constitution, ?the President of the US is not the government of the US? (Bowles). The President sets the nation?s political agenda but all laws must first pass through Congress. Therefore, the President must negotiate and bargain with Congressmen in order to gain their support and be able to carry out his manifesto. As he is not the leader of his party, the President uses a number of methods to get his party colleagues ?on-side?. ...read more.


and pardon criminals. He is also Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces (an extremely powerful role), and the United States? chief negotiator and diplomat. This means he has significant power in regards to foreign policy, and can deploy troops without consulting Congress. The President also, arguably, possesses so-called ?inherent powers?, i.e.: those powers afforded to the President which are not specifically called for in the Constitution. The greatest success of ?inherent power? has been in foreign policy, where the President has ?special prerogatives? (acknowledged by both Congress and the Supreme Court since 1936). There has been less success domestically. For instance, Nixon was impeached for claiming that withholding the Watergate tapes from the public was permissible due to presidential privilege, and the Supreme Court removed Clinton?s short-lived ?line-item veto? in 1998. Bush had more success, when widespread public and congressional support post-9/11 led to a massive expansion in the domestic powers of the federal government. The President also has the power to appoint justices to the Supreme Court, which is extremely important as the justices have life tenure, and, therefore, can influence the government for years to come. So we can see that the President does have considerable power beyond the power to persuade, but these powers are, for the most part, severely limited. ...read more.


also struggle to win support. For the above reasons, the power to persuade can be seen as being as limited as constitutional powers. Harry Truman famously said, ?I sit here all day trying to persuade people to do things they ought to have the sense to do without my persuading them. That?s all the powers of the president amount to.? I would suggest that this statement is a little exaggerated- perhaps President Truman was simply feeling a little disappointed with the extent of the power his role actually bestowed upon him. The power of persuasion is extremely significant within the role of the President of the United States. After all, it is through this power that he carries out his manifesto. However it is not an unlimited power, being curtailed by circumstance (i.e.: events) and the President?s own particular aptitude for persuasion. The powers the President holds in other areas; particularly his freedom and ?special prerogatives? in foreign policy; and, domestically, the powers of appointment, proposing legislation and veto; can be considered to wield far more weight than the power of persuasion, even despite their limitations. The power to persuade only addresses the President?s power over Congress, and does not consider his power internationally or over the judiciary, military, civil service and general public. For this reason, the power of the President can be seen as far more extensive than simply the power to persuade. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United States section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United States essays

  1. 'The President faces considerable constraints in domestic policy in comparison to the UK Prime ...

    of his Chancellor of the Exchequer and the Treasury, and is perceived as the Chancellors job by the general public. The US Federal Reserve Board largely determines monetary policy, whereas the President is responsible for the Fiscal side (i.e. Taxes and government spending.)

  2. Using examples, explain the limitations on the Supreme Courts powers.How do Presidents veto legislation, ...

    However recent attempts to initiate constitutional amendments to overturn the Court's decisions such as flag desecration, school prayers, abortion rights and congressional term limits have all failed. Overall Congress has the power to place judges on the Court, remove judges from the Court, and determine how many judges sit on the Court and from time to time initiate constitutional amendments.

  1. Was Cheney the most important and powerful vice president in US history?

    Cheney had been put in charge of an environmental task force of which a paper was presented to him by a 12 years of service, environmental advisor. This report contradicted Cheney's view and was to have disappeared. This advisor went on to resign because of this incident.

  2. How far does the president only have the power to pursuade

    to persuade, both parties in Congress to work together and formulate a compromise in the nation's interest. The President actually has very little direct influence over the way the country is run and the laws that are made, as they belong to Congress, which as explained it outside of the Presidents direct control.

  1. US pressures groups are undemocratic, discuss

    Although few people would deny that pressure groups play an important role in US politics, critics have argued that this role may not be the one suggested by the pluralist model. Pressure groups therefore can also threaten democracy in a number of ways, with some claiming that they are merely a 'necessary evil'.

  2. The power to persuade: a term coined by a man named Neudstadt, is the ...

    He also wants to extend unemployment benefits for those Americans whose unemployment is set to expire at the end of the month. However, with a republican majority, he does not have the power to fulfill his promise of tax cuts.

  1. "Presidents Have Only The Power To Persuade" Discuss

    In the Presidents State of the Union, the President can lay out his policy proposals and set his agenda for the next year, but still, the President can only initiate these, he needs the support of Congress if he wishes to pass these bills.

  2. Assess the view that the US Constitution often ensures limited government

    I am the commander in chief in wartime. They aren?t.?[8] Situations where one branch has ignored another are rare, and so it is safe to say that the separation of powers almost always ensures limited government. Checks and balances Checks and balances enforce the separation of powers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work