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The US President is more powerful as a world statesman than the UK Prime Minister. Discuss.

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Introduction

The US President is more powerful as a world statesman than the UK Prime Minister. Discuss. I believe this theory poses the premise that due to the US President's singular role as Head of State he is more powerful than the UK Prime Minister as a world leader and statesman. Though the original intentions of America's founding fathers did not include the role of the President in terms of foreign affairs, the executive office of the twentieth century now plays a major role in the creation of international policies. However the UK Prime Minister's role as a world statesman cannot be underestimated. Not bound by a written constitution one could say that the PM is more free to develop his role as an international policy maker. In 1936 with occurrence of the United States of America vs. Curtiss-Wright Export Corporation it was clearly identified that the "President alone has the power to speak or listen as a representative of the nation." ...read more.

Middle

During times of war it is found that the President has more extensive powers. Lyndon Johnston's bombing of Hanoi and Haipang could be an example one easily sight. As the "President shall be Commander and chief of the armed forces," (Article 2) though Congress must approve a formal declaration of war informal strikes upon other nations are at the Presidents discretion. The Prime Minister's office is too, intrinsically concerned with his/her input on the foreign scene. In recent times one can see how the Euro issue has proved the Prime Ministers position as the key figurehead in terms of foreign issues. Brown's reservation's and belief that a "Euro referendum should not take place in this parliament," squashed and by party whip and proved inconsequential in comparison with Blaire's belief that it was an "opportunity to share the change of Europe." Thus we see how Prime Minister plays a key role as a representative to for his/her nation on the foreign scene. ...read more.

Conclusion

On the other hand the U.S President too is subject to many constraints in regard to his role as "World Statesman." As head of a singular office, the Executive, the President is subject to the continual scrutiny and constraints of Congress. One such constraint is the need for the President to acquire Congressional declaration of war if he wants to go to war. Unlike PM the President is not as free to make appointments as Senate must approve all of these, an example of this being their rejection of Clinton's nomination of Zoe Baird. Richard Neustadt noted that "the main power of President is the power to persuade," and though this power is formidable it is also subject to many constraints. The Supreme Court also imposes many impositions upon President. The Youngstown Steel Company vs. Sawyer case limited Truman's control over the situation in Korea and is an example of this. The PM is not as subject to this sort of scrutiny. Unlike the PM the President is entrenched by the constitution and thus is subject to it. ...read more.

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