• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"The use of the single - member plurality means that the USA and the UK will always have a two-party system." Discuss.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"The use of the single - member plurality means that the USA and the UK will always have a two-party system." Discuss. (50 Marks) The conventional view of both American and British politics suggests that they are both dominated by a two - party system. In many ways this is undeniably true, nevertheless there are competing theories of British party politics and the American system. One factor, with regard to the British system, is that we now experience single - party dominance and will do for the foreseeable future. Another is that the UK is a multiparty state in reality, but that various aspects inhibit this reality. Concerning the American system is that there is a desire for more than two parties, as the social, ethnic and regional diversity of Americans suggests, but due to mechanical impediments these cannot also be borne out. It must be noted that a two-party system does not preclude the existence of other parties, and in the United States and Great Britain several other third and main parties continue to operate. What is does mean is that only the main parties, the Republicans and the Democrats, the Conservatives and Labour, have a meaningful chance of achieving a majority in the Commons in the UK or in Congress in the USA. ...read more.

Middle

The second regards the fact that support for the two main parties has slowly declined, despite the occasional blip. Thus, generalisations about this aspect of the two-party system must be treated with great suspicion. Coupled with this is the fact that the percentage of seats won by Labour and Conservative parties together has not fallen below 85% since 1945. This discrepancy between the percentage of votes cast and seats won, which becomes marked after 1970, is due to the unusual electoral system (FPTP) that the UK operates. Whatever this causes there is no doubt that seats in the House of Commons are almost totally monopolised by the Conservative and Labour Parties. Several factors may be advanced to explain the American system, some institutional, some cultural or historical. The two-party divide had come about at the time of formation of the Republic, then it has always likely that it would be retained for 'there is a tendency in human institutions for a persistence of the initial form.' Discussion of the form of the Constitution resolved itself into a battle between two opposing viewpoints, and even thereafter in American history, such as slavery and the civil war, perpetuated this pattern. ...read more.

Conclusion

In Britain in recent years we have seen the introduction of devolution of power from Westminster to devolved assemblies in Scotland and Wales. In these assemblies more proportional systems of election are used than is used for elections to Westminster. This has caused third parties to gain more power and it therefore could be said that in the UK as a whole there now exists a three party system. In England however the high percentage of support for the Liberal Democrats is never allowed to manifest itself in terms of seats won in the House of Commons due to the support being spread out as opposed to being concentrated in a number of constituencies, whereas Labour and the Conservatives can rely on their respective strongholds in the North and South of England. In conclusion, it is hard to say that a two-party system is not perpetuated and exaggerated by the single member plurality systems in both the US and the UK. Furthermore the traditions and mechanics of both countries would support the historical evidence that a two-party system will continue in the UK and the US despite recent increases in the support for the UK's third party, the Liberal Democrats. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United Kingdom section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United Kingdom essays

  1. To what extent does the UK have a two-party system?

    They are appointed under the Life Peerages act 1958, and many Prime Ministers have been suspected of making people who support them financially life peers, the so-called "Cash for honours" scandals. Hereditary peers are peers who hold inherited titles which also carry the right to sit in the House of Lords.

  2. The Labour Party.

    * A Second Reform Act occurred in 1867 shaped by Disraeli's adroit tactics in the Commons, which sought to protect Conservative interests and restore their credibility as a governing party. * Most of the new voters were in the industrial towns and cities and with the aim of improving the

  1. Electoral Systems.

    * It retains a number of single-member constituencies. * It has produced strong and stable governments in Germany (but not single party governments) * Each elector has at least one effective vote. Even of they see no chance of winning in the single member constituency, people can use their second

  2. In this report I will talk about four of the different types of voting ...

    in, so they vote for the party most likely to get in that opposes the party they most dislike. This also links in to the unfairness of this system to the smaller parties. When voting in FPTP if the person you vote for doesn't gain the seat your vote is then thrown away (known as the wasted vote).

  1. What is the main reason for the loss of faith and interest in our ...

    Do you have an interest in Government and politics? 2. Why don't you have interest in Government and politics? 3. Do you have faith in the Government of the day? 4. Why don't you have faith in the Government of the day?

  2. 'Britain is in desperate need of electoral reform. The FPTP system is undemocratic.' Discuss.

    Unfortunately, this encourages coalition Governments which are weaker and can include smaller parties, giving them disproportional power to their popularity. Another disadvantage is that, due to the multimember constituencies, the voters are not as closely linked to their MPs and this system is not as efficient in translating votes as others are.

  1. To what extent is the UK a two-party system?

    This shows the influx in in support for the third party, being only 6% behind one of the big two parties and gaining seats in the ruling government. Despite this, however, Labour still secured over 100 more seats than the Lib Dems?which, perhaps, shows that there is still a two-party system in place in the UK.

  2. Apart from referendums, explain three ways in which democracy in the UK could be ...

    this is used in the Australian House Of Representatives. In this system the voter in order of preference (1,2,3,4) and if no candidate gets a majority (over 50%) then the person with the least votes has their vote recollected according to the 2nd preference votes and this will continue until a winner is found.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work