• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

This literature review is concerned with defining comparative politics as adiscipline.

Extracts from this document...


C O M P A R A T I V E A P P R O A C H E S (Literature Review) This literature review is concerned with defining comparative politics as a discipline. Its main purpose is to try to depict views of various authors presented in texts such as "Comparative Government and Politics" by Rod Hague and Martin Harrop (V. Wright ed., 6th ed., Palgrave MacMillan), "Theory and Methods in Political Science" by David Marsh and Gerry Stoker (eds., 2nd ed., Palgrave MacMillan) and in the handout from Dr. Mark Pennington (L2, QMUL, 2004) to compare different perspectives of perceiving the comparative approaches. At the very first point I will try to define what comparative politics actually is and its purpose according to various authors and their perspectives I am about to discuss. Comparative politics, as its name suggests consists in comparing different kinds of politics, its ways of application in particular. ...read more.


The reason is the innermost want of human being to belong to a certain group of people, to be accepted and tolerated by others. So, it is, assumingly, not our need to favor any sort of institution, nor to understand the real meaning or aim of such an institution, but it is based on listening to our needs solely, to our selfish, self-interested nature. This is the main point of rational choice theory "whose central focus is the purposeful individual and his motivation and beliefs." (Pennington, 2004) Whenever we talk about this approach we have to come back againto the nature of human being, its behavior, needs and wants, which seem to be the constant cause of i.e. free-riding/collective action problems too, which evolves form this theory. Human being is, according to M. Pennington, "a maximiser of benefits over costs", (2004) while struggles to "derive benefits from a particular good without paying their full personal share of the costs." ...read more.


R. Hague and M. Harrop discuss the reason to study politics comparatively, the risks which come with it and the specific techniques used. Globalization is one of the examples which pose a risk and a challenge simultaneously, but the reason is perceived by Green as "nation is a cell of a larger entity with a life all its own." All the authors try to bring an understanding of studying comparative politics. Each technique the disclipline is based on has its advantages and weaknesses. M. Pennington's summarizes the main approach within a new institutionalism, but obviously, there is no only one approach which should be used. Hopkin's method are generally about the risks each of them brings considering variables and case studies, importance of number we study. Hague and Harrop's theory talks about variables, their particular use, when the outcome may be successful. I am assuming most of the theories have to be put together in order to gerenare a realistic and true outcome, what is the purpose, to understand the processes and their influence. Comparative politics is about studying the practical use of a theory to create a theory more likely to succeed. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. Ethos, Pathos & Logos in Dr. Martin Luther King's "Letter from Birmingham Jail"

    In using this example from history to try to clarify the reasoning of his position, Dr. King appeals both to our logic and our emotions. Dr. King appeals to our logic when he gives the reasoning for his statement "I have almost reached the regrettable conclusion that the Negro's great

  2. This essay is aimed to discuss the meaning of ideology and it different uses ...

    Equality plays a very important role in the ideology of socialist thinkers, socialists demand social equality as an essential guarantee that all individuals not just those who privileged are able to develop themselves to the fullest potential. Marxists believe that the only way that social equality is possible through the

  1. Natural Science

    5. Scientific revolution 6. A whole new way of explanation - demanding that the old data be interpreted in a new way, which incorporates the anomalous findings - replaces the familiar theory. Kuhn calls this abrupt shift from old theory to new theory a paradigm shift. Scientific community often meets it with extreme resistance.

  2. Nigeria Country Study

    * 1960 - Independence, with Prime Minister Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa leading a coalition government. * 1983 January - The government expels more than one million foreigners, mostly Ghanaians, saying they had overstayed their visas and were taking jobs from Nigerians.

  1. Deontology- a theory based purely on obligation or duty.

    acceptable, because a person may act as they please regarding their property and the protection of that property. Side constraints allow for the notion that no being has the right to infringe on your personal property, no ifs, ands, or buts about it.

  2. Free essay

    What do you consider to be the defining elements of a socialist outlook?

    concentrating wealth and power in the hands of a minority and condemning the minority to absolute, or relative poverty'.[1] Different strands of socialism oppose capitalism to differing degrees. Marxists believe that capitalism, along with the entire bourgeois political system, is pre-determined to be overthrown by the proletariat; it will for

  1. Iran Country Study

    implemented and established by Ali Akbar Davar and some of his contemporaries such as Abdolhossein Teymourtash under Reza Shah, with further changes during the second Pahlavi era. After the 1979 overthrow of the Pahlavi Dynasty by the Islamic Revolution, the system was changed drastically.

  2. How have political sociologist understood globalization? Globalization is perhaps the central concept of ...

    The drive towards 'globality' combines a logic of capitalist expansion with the swift development of deterritorializing media and communications technologies. But this drive is opposed by various processes and practices expressing different orders of 'locality'. Amongst these we can count the cultural identity movements that Castells focuses on, but also

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work