Three main organs of Government
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1) Three main organs of Government The British Government functions through three bodies: 1) Legislature 2) Executive 3) Judiciary In America all three branches are systematically split between the Executive (the president), the legislative (Congress) and the Judiciary (Supreme Court). The Legislature: Composition The British Legislature consists of two 'Houses' of Parliament. This bicameral structure is dived into an elected 'lower' chamber called the House of Commons and an unelected 'upper' chamber called the House of Commons and an elected upper chamber called the House of Lords. The House of Commons is directly elected by the people on the basis of single member constituencies.
The legislature is responsible under the constitution for making policy, it is sovereign. In the theory, parliament decides what policies to follow and then passes legislation allowing those policies to follow and then passes legislation allowing those policies to be put into effect. The Executive: Composition: The Executive comprises of: The Prime Minister together with all the other ministers both senior and junior. The civil service and all other arms of these bodies which put parliamentary policy into force or which oversee the progress of Government activities. The Role and Function of Executive: The prime minister presides over the Cabinet and selects the other Cabinet members who join him to form the government that is part of the functioning executive.
comprises of: The Home Secretary, The Lord Chancellor , the Secretaries of State for Northern Ireland and for Scotland, the Attorney-General and the Solicitor General and the Prime Minister who recommends judicial appointments to the Monarch. The Role and Function The Home office: deals with, the metropolitan police directly and the police in the provinces indirectly. They also deal with the prison service, public morals, race relation and with the introduction of criminal law The Lord Chancellor: deals with the administration of the courts and the appointment of judges and magistrates. The Law Officers Department: consists of the Attorney-General and the Solicitor-General, both who are the members of Parliament, act as legal advisers to the Crown and the government.
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