• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent does the prime minister control the cabinet?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent does the prime minister control the cabinet? The extent to way in which the prime minister controls cabinet varies, and can vary greatly, as Prime ministers have great amounts of scope in which they can manage and control the cabinet and the system surrounding it. The cabinet itself refers to the collective decision making process in British Politics. Cabinet fuses executive and legislative branches of government, as its members head government departments but are also drawn from Parliament and is the senior executive organ - which controls policy-making process and makes all major government decisions. Collective collegiality adds strength to the government as a whole and makes the governing party in parliament more united and therefore stronger. One of the key aspects of control over the cabinet stems from collective collegiality. The main reasons for the control the Prime Minister has over Cabinet are due to the powers he/she has over the Cabinet itself. ...read more.

Middle

They are now places where discussion isn't encouraged and dissent not tolerated, and many of the decisions made there have in fact already been approved of, but merely require formal approval. Thatcher, at first, manipulated the Cabinet to great effect for her cause. She would speak to individuals outside of meetings, change the agenda to suit her, divided and ruled over the ministers and would essentially lay the foundations for what the modern PMs now carry out. This has given rise to the terms "sofa government", which refers to the informal decision making taken by Blair, and the "kitchen cabinet", a result of close reliance on non-elected advisors and close allies. However, the power the Prime Minister has over Cabinet is not absolute, and relies heavily upon the Prime Minister being popular and successful. Thatcher started off being popular and high achieving in her foreign affairs, and thus ruled her Cabinet with an iron grip, but towards the end of her career as a Prime Minister, she lost huge amounts of public and ministerial support, and her Cabinet began to turn from her. ...read more.

Conclusion

Blair's Third Way. Added to this is the growth of populist outreach, where PMs speak on behalf of the population, claiming to feel their deepest fears and trying to comfort them. Independent institutions such as the PM's Office have expanded massively in recent years, meaning that the PM has even greater control over government and its running, as it helps to join up the executive at its highest level in an administrative fashion, which the PM can modify to suit his or her purpose. In conclusion, the Prime Minister has a great deal of control and power over the Cabinet, but while it isn't complete, the control he or she has over them is far more reliable than the control the PM will have over all the party MPs - as the ministers picked to be in Cabinet will be trusted and loyal to the current Prime Minister. Any revolts coming from the party will normally be first seen among the backbenchers, and not the Cabinet themselves. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United Kingdom section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

4 Stars - An effective essay overall. Clearly and logically expressed and organised - with a well developed argument that considers and weighs a range of points. The essay could be improved through use of more detailed supporting examples and by consistently addressing the question throughout.

Marked by teacher Dan Carter 17/09/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United Kingdom essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent does Parliament control executive power?

    4 star(s)

    Individual ministerial responsibility is also weak. This can mean that accountability can be difficult to enforce. The House of Lords can be said to be weak because it is not voted for by the electorate, this means that it lacks democratic accountability.

  2. To what extent have constitutional reforms since 1997 reduced the powers of the UK ...

    The UK could leave the EU but it would then have no say over EU policy, which would mean a loss in UK government's power. The current coalition government has gone through many constitutional reforms. One of their first reforms was the introduction of fixed term parliaments; this meant that

  1. To what extent does parliament control the executive power?

    The House of Lords are limited by law and by convention. They cannot reject government bills that were announced in their election manifesto; in any event they can, however, delay legislative proposals only for up to a year (according to the 1949 Parliament Act), after which time bills automatically become law, regardless of the Lords objections.

  2. Government & Politics Revision Notes

    > Lack of knowledge- The people may lack the education, knowledge and experience to govern wisely in their own interests, this could lead to the public making hasty and wrong decisions, which will have negative consequences. Representative democracy therefore has the advantage of offering government by experts.

  1. To What Extent is conservatism an ideology?

    They expected people to have a sense of responsibility towards each other. However, when socialism became more popular in the twentieth century, the conservatives changed ideas and began to emphasise the importance of the free market and individualism, as they were opposed to the idea of collectivism.

  2. Taoiseach VS Primer Minister

    and the Minister for Finance must be members of the Dail, all Ministers must be members of the Oireachtas and a maximum of two Ministers can be appointed from the Seanad. Therefore the British Prime Minister has more control over choosing this cabinet than the Taoiseach as he does not have these limitations to obey by.

  1. Compare and contrast the position and powers of the US president and the UK ...

    With a large parliamentary majority, it is almost certain that prime ministerial policies will become actual policy and law.

  2. How far was New Labor influenced by Thatcher?

    This is expressed by Jones who counteracts the break from the Bank of England with smaller examples such as the introduction of minimum wage and the ?working person?s tax credit.?[4] These social democratic elements meant that Labour were still focused on supporting the worker.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work