• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent is the city of Jerusalem vital to the followers of three main world religions in the present time?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent is the city of Jerusalem vital to the followers of three main world religions in the present time? In this course-work, I will be examining the significance of Jerusalem to the current followers of the three main religions. In order for me to do so, I must examine Jerusalem's history and its significance to the three monotheistic faiths. I will also be discussing whether Jerusalem's importance is due to religious or political reasons, and whether the Middle East conflict arises from spiritual or political differences. Jerusalem is the ancient city, which has great significance to the three religions of the Book- Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. For many centuries, Jerusalem, the Sacred, or Holy city has peacefully accommodated Christians, Jews, and Muslims. Jerusalem has been occupied around twenty times, and witnessed four main influential periods. The Christians dominated the Holy land for the least period of time, around 427 years, followed by the second shortest time, which saw the Ancient city being dominated by the Jews for 543 years, the Pagan's dominated Jerusalem for around 800 years, leaving the Muslims to reign over Jerusalem for the longest period of time, 1193 years1. There are common beliefs, which the three religions share when it comes to Jerusalem. That is that Jerusalem is often referred to as 'the Holy land', in the Bible, Torah, and Quran. The Hebrew term "'Ir ha-Qodesh", literally means 'City of Holiness', and if we translate the Arabic word, 'al Ard Al Muqaddasah', it means, The Holy Land. Jerusalem is also believed to have witnessed numerous prophets (recognised by the three religions) who lived, preached, died, and were buried in and around Jerusalem. To Christians, Jerusalem is the place, which witnessed most of Jesus' upbringing, preaching, crucifixion, and his resurrection. A majority of significant Christian sites nowadays, in and around Jerusalem are to do with the whereabouts of his final days. The last place he slept, had his meal, preached, was caught by the Romans, crucified, buried, and resurrected. ...read more.

Middle

Contrary to belief, Zionism started at around 1621 CE, rather than the nineteenth century. Henry Fish, wrote 'The great Revival of the World', in which he addressed every Jew in Diaspora (exile) to return to their rightful homeland, Palestine, and to establish a state, which will be one of the most powerful worldwide. The famous Moses Hess wrote 'Rome and Jerusalem'', 1862, and argued that as long as the Jews were separated, they would be powerless, and have a bleak future, unless they moved to Palestine, where they would become united, start their own independent state and re-gain some pride. One of the most famous figures in Jewish philosophy, Theodor Herzl, wrote, 'The Jewish State' (1896), where, after being inspired by Hess, agreed and argued the same points. According to Dr. Hassan Suleiman's article,14 there are two types of Zionism, which must be noted. 'Theological Zionism', which concerns the "spiritual side of Zionism" and demonstrates the vision of Jews returning and living in the Holy Land. The other type is known as "political Zionism," which uses the spiritual idea of Zionism to gain encouragement for the formation of Israel. Zionists have four main aims, which are, "the gathering of Jews from all over the world to Palestine, the preserving of the pillars of the Zionist State...the expanding regionally, via settlements, to establish Greater Israel and its capital in Jerusalem, and the controlling of the Middle East region." Two steps had to be taken by Zionists to attain their objective. These were internal and external migration to Palestine. The first was to be accomplished by obtaining land, and building settlements, then bringing Jewish immigrants. The second was to be done by gaining international support by convincing leaders that Palestine was for them. A minority of Jews argue that the State of Israel is an illegal one, and that no Jew has the right to argue that the Torah asks them to do so by force, or the way it is being done today. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Israeli's would also have to worry about an increase in participants in the Intifada (Palestinian uprising), and suicide bombings, and, if they allowed the Palestinians to return, then surely, as they constitute the second largest number of refugees, they will outnumber the Jews. As for the Israeli's, they call upon Arafat to denounce terrorism, call upon suicide bombers to stop their actions, and to arrest all terrorists and militants, and abolish terrorist groups. If the chance came, would the Palestinians leave Palestine to establish a state in another country? The answer would be a definite no. Suicide killings, assassinations, the Intifada, the refugees, these factors occur due to mounting frustration at the government not dong anything to stop the opposition. After all the deaths and hardships, would either party give up? After Sharon's recent proposition to Arafat25, and Arafat's adamant refusal, the Israelis are merely making the situation worse, by highlighting their unnecessary actions, against the Palestinians, and Arafat personally, such as blocking off water and medical supplies. The Israelis claim that their aim of the recent entry into Palestinian territories is to 'arrest militants and stop suicide bombings.' Through the process, they've made Arafat seem like a 'hero', thus, strengthening his image with the Palestinians and within the Arab world, and creating thousands of willing youths, who are prepared to sacrifice their lives, in the name of Jerusalem. If the Palestinians were to leave Palestine, the Jews would fulfil their desire of destroying Dome of the Rock and Masjidal Aqsa, which as Arafat said, "(Jerusalem) is not a Palestinian city only, it is an Arab, Islamic, and Christian one. If I am going to take a decision on Jerusalem, I have to consult with the Sunnis and the Shiites26 and all Arab countries."27 Jerusalem is extremely important to Jews and Muslims world wide, evidence is the conflicts, and killings carried out by both nations and all for Jerusalem. But peace will never reign over Jerusalem unless it returns to its rightful occupiers, but until then, the war for Jerusalem still continues between the Jews and Muslims. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. Why is it difficult to keep peace talks going in the Middle East?

    Following this on 29/11/47 the General Assembly of the UN carried by 33 votes to 13 (Britain against) supporting the foundation of a Jewish homeland. Arab countries and Britain voted against. The Holocust was a major factor on voting: 1) Since Western leaders felt both guilt and sympathy for Jews.

  2. Free essay

    why some palestinians dont agree with terrorism

    Faultless youth are also opposing terrorism as a case explains "I feel like a stranger here in my homeland, this place is holy but they're killing each other". This quote strongly puts across the view of a 27 year old Palestinian Muslim who's married to a 26 year old Jewish girl (Jasmine)

  1. Palestinian Middle East

    Israel also cause the deaths of hundred of Palestinians due to Israeli air raids, artillery fire and armoured incursions. As you can see from the image above, throughout the John Pilger documentary annihilated buildings are scattered all over the place and homes are destroyed causing a huge impact on Palestinians and families.

  2. JUDAISMIt is believed that the Hebrews came with Abraham from Mesopotamia around 2000 ...

    by ritual purification, all controlled by the priestly caste. After Solomon, the condition of the Hebrew tribes began to deteriorate. Rich and poor classes developed, and the caste of priests (descendants of Levi) became increasingly powerful. Solomon's kingdom split into Israel in the north and Judah in the south.

  1. What happened to the Palestinians as a consequence of the 1948 War? Now internationally ...

    The Lebanese government even blocked their border, restricting access to any refugee. The UNWRA was given a budget of $54 million and the task of employing the Palestinians on projects in the Arab states in which they were settled. Temporary camps were set up in many areas surrounding Palestine.

  2. Theodore Herzl, the man credited with being the founder of modern Zionism.

    Altneuland aims at promoting the idea of 'National Self Determination.'- the creation of national governmental institutions by a group of people who view themselves as a distinct nation.3 In an attempt to instill national pride back into the Jewish people, Herzl promotes nationalism as the "the desire to preserve or

  1. History Coursework: The Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Without religion, the Jews would not have invaded as it wouldn't be their "Promised Land" and the Muslims wouldn't hate the Jews. Religion is both sides strongest claim to Palestine; therefore it has the highest significance to the conflict. The refugee problem and the conditions of the refugee camps is

  2. The Syrian Uprising

    Civil rights also include the right of political and social freedom; and most importantly, the equality between every single citizen in the Syrian Arab Republic. Possible Solutions to the Issue: There are many possible solutions that are progressively decreasing while the situation in Syria escalates and becomes more violent.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work