• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent is there a democratic deficit in the UK?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐To what extent is there a democratic deficit in the UK The democratic deficit states that there is a lack of democracy in the UK and the opinions of citizens has less power than before. Some may see that there has been a huge decline in democratic deficit, the developmental perspective would argue that this is a bad thing because for democracy to be sustainable it needs to engage citizens on an active basis this expresses citizenship and values informed and tolerant exchange between people. Another reason for why the UK could suffer from democratic deficit could be because of unelected institutions such as the House of Lords, some may argue that because the members of the House of Lords are not elected they do not represent the views of the public. Also the UK voting system could also be criticised, it can be seen as undemocratic because the UK uses a voting system called ?FPTP? (First past the post) this results in unequal value of votes, evidence of this is shown from recent votes where it takes 115,000 votes to be elected for a ...read more.

Middle

Those in marginal seats may be more likely to turn out and vote. Another reason for lack of participation could be because of political apathy where voters believe that they have made little difference or no influence to political situations, also hapathy suggests that a proportion of those who do not vote, prefer not to because they are satisfied with the way they are being governed. The electoral commission in 2005 showed that 29% of people who didn?t vote felt happy with the way they were being governed. Another reason for democratic deficit could be because some pressure groups with a higher status than others may have more direct influence than others, this is apparent with insider groups who have regular contact with decision makers and generally walk behind the scenes rather than engaging in publicity stunts for media attention to increase publicity. Inside groups include sectional groups who have a narrow sectional interest such as the BMA who are funded by the government. Whereas, outside groups have the disadvantage because they do not have regular contact with decision makers and may result in law breaking ...read more.

Conclusion

This decision for devolution was done through a referendum, the referendum allowed people to answer a political question with a simple ?yes? or ?no? answer, this also would be seen as enhancing democracy as it allows the public to voice an opinion in a political matter, and it allowed the government to see what the public was in favour for. The transfer of west minister power to elected sub-national governments has allowed new legislations from these bodies, an example being Scottish and Welsh students having their university and tuition fees paid for. Some could see that subsidiarity would help enhance democracy as it allows the lowest tier of governments to engage in political decisions, this acts for local accountability making it more suitable for dealing with certain issues at a local level. In conclusion it is clear that the UK could suffer from certain impacts of democratic deficit such as unelected institutions, unfair voting systems and a decline in election turnout, however active participation such as pressure group membership and devolution are signals that the UK is becoming more democratic. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United Kingdom section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

4 Stars - A strong essay. There is a clearly demonstrated understanding of the fundamental characteristics and arguments that define the concept of a democratic deficit. The essay is well structured into a balanced argument and largely makes good use of supporting evidence - though in places it is vague and generalised.

Marked by teacher Dan Carter 26/09/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United Kingdom essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To What Extent Is The UK Democratic?

    4 star(s)

    One example of when the Human Rights act was ignored was after the 07/05 London bombings where terror suspects civil liberties were restricted and were held in custody for longer than the permitted time. Most liberal democracies have written constitutions which ensure that conventions such as the human rights act must be complied with.

  2. What are the main features of representative democracy? In what ways has political participation ...

    million, however in 1989, this had dropped by 600,000, to 1.1 million. In 2006, it had dropped to a low of 0.6 million, showing the ever declining decrease in political participation and has stayed at this level ever since. Just over 1% of the UK population are affiliated with any

  1. To what extent are judges neutral and independent?

    overlaps between the executive and the judiciary as he is a major part of the government as well as the head of the courts system. This is a theoretical risk; he could technically manipulate judges, cases and appointments, however this is largely unlikely, as with appointments, any obvious bias or meddling would soon be uprooted and damage the government.

  2. To what extent is Labour still a Socialist Party?

    on policies descended from Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Lenin and Trotsky; so that the Labour Party could win in the general elections, as he, as well as many others, felt that such groups defamed the party.] In order to form this new direction, John Smith and other figures such as

  1. The importance of democracy

    Democracy controls government power It is a well-established belief that power tends to corrupt those who wield it. If those who govern us are left to their own devices, there is a danger that they will simply claim increasing amounts of power and begin to abuse their position.

  2. To what extent is the UK a two-party system?

    Even the voting system that is in place for the general election favours the two-party system. The first-past-the-post system often brings back a strong majoritarian government, this is because of the wasted votes for parties in constituencies they failed to secure a majority in; this means that the smaller parties

  1. How democratic is the UK political system?

    A two?party system is a system where two major political parties dominate voting in nearly all elections at every level of government. Some people have suggested that two-party systems promote centrism and encourage political parties to find common positions which appeal to wide swaths of the electorate.

  2. Assess the view that since 2007 the Northern Ireland Assembly has been a legislative ...

    of members voting, with at least 40% of each community present and voting. It gives each community a veto to prevent decisions or legislation being made which can affect them. A good example of the petition of concern being used is in the rejection of a Sinn Fein motion calling for same sex marriage.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work