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To what extent is there continuity between traditional conservatism and the New Right?

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Introduction

Fatima Rahim Miss Worth To what extent is there continuity between traditional conservatism and the New Right? Traditional conservatisms key features are its pragmatic nature and it being non-ideological, this was mainly by Edmund Burke. This strand is cautious and modest , it doe accept change but only in order if necessary- ?change in order to conserve?, this too is seen in the paternalistic One Nation strand of traditional conservatism, whose founding father was Disraeli and later MacMillan.The New Right came about after the economic crisis of the 1970?s, and was endorsed by Thatcher and Reagan, this new strand of conservatism stemmed from some of the ideas of the great economic thinker Hayek. The New right incorporates ideas of both Neo Liberals and Neo Conservatives, the new right can be seen as progressive, amending flaws seen in traditional conservatism. The core themes of conservatism are human nature, the state, society and the economy; and although there are some similarities??.. The traditional conservative view of the individual stresses human imperfection. ...read more.

Middle

These Neo Liberal views influenced the new rights policy the most; to move away from tradition; however, within the New right there is disagreement between Neo Liberal and Neo Conservatives. Neo Conservatism believes that delinquency and anti-social behavior are a consequence of the decline of authority, which agrees with the traditional conservative belief. Similarities can be found when looking at the neo conservative argument that if individuals do as they please, civilized standards of behavior will be impossible to maintain, which mirrors the traditional belief that we are limited and need authority to function. In terms of human nature, there is continuity between traditional conservatism and the neo conservative strand of the new right, but they both differ greatly with neo liberal views. Traditional Conservatism and the New Right both agree that the role of the state is to be as minimal as possible, however, traditional conservatism subscribes to Disraeli?s One Nation principle. This is the belief that those at the top of the natural hierarchy have a social obligation to help those less fortunate than themselves. ...read more.

Conclusion

Traditional conservatives believe that society has an organic nature. This suggests that, as with organism, the whole is more than a collection of its individual parts, being sustained by a fragile set of relationships between or amongst its parts which, if damaged, threatens the life of the whole. This further implies, that, as with organisms, society's various parts or institutions have quite different roles or functions, creating a hierarchy amongst them that make social equality absurd and impossible. On the other hand, the liberal New Right's view of society is rooted in atomistic individualism. This sees individuals as essentially self-seeking and self-reliant creatures, implying that society is nothing more than a collection of individuals each pursuing his or her own interests. Social bonds thus have a contractual not an organic basis. This was clearly expressed in Thatcher's assertion that there is no such thing as society, only individuals and their families'. However, the conservative New Right continues to embrace an organic and hierarchical view of society. How to manage the economy is a highly contested question amongst the different strands of conservatism. Traditional conservatism supports Keynesian economics. MacMillan was a great supporter of the ?middle way? ...read more.

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