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To What Extent was the Nazi Party a 'Peoples party'?

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Introduction

To What Extent was the Nazi Party a 'Peoples party'? Between 1928 and 1932, the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP) became the most popular of Germany's many political organisations. It had won no more than 2.6 per cent of votes cast in the Reichstag election of 1928 but just two years later registered massive gains, winning 18.3 per cent of the popular vote. The Reichstag election of July 1932 saw even more spectacular success: 13.7 million German electors, some 37.3 per cent of all votes cast, opted for the NSDAP, making it the largest party in the Reich, I would like to find out to what extent this voting population who actually cast their vote for Hitler were a truly mixed group of people. In my opinion I think that the Nazis were actually a peoples party as I think that they appealed to people right across the board at the time in Germany. For example they appealed to some of the upper class, particularly big businessmen and the industrial landowners at the time. This may have been because of his anti-communist stance, which will have attracted them because of the threat of a revolution and the end to big business. ...read more.

Middle

There was some, but not a great deal of support also from the working class. The Nazis did try very hard with the use of propaganda etc, to appeal to the working class. They were mostly supporting more left wing groups like the socialists because of what they stood for. However some did change and vote Nazi but they were small in number. The leader, Adolf Hitler, may have attracted them as he was a man who had come up from below and also he may have attracted voters because of his promise, again, for a strong and united Germany. There was mass unemployment at the time and so the promise of a strong country would have attracted some voters from the working class. It has been shown here that some support from all of the class divisions have been found. Propaganda will also have had a large effect on the voters from the working class as, after the Dawes plan many politicians were more interested in he reparations than the people. Hitler said he would change this through propaganda with the use of slogans such as 'First bread, then Reparations' and the promise of 'Work and Bread'. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion it is plain to see that the widespread support of the Nazis by the middle class was key for their success in elections simply because of their numbers. However they also obviously appealed to other groups with their ideals of a strong Germany, which was very appealing to the groups of people who had lost land and had been hardest hit by the economic and political events in recent years such as the middle and upper classes. It can also be shown that they were a people's party because of their lack of sexual divides in their membership and also the large spread of the types of people who voted. Overall I think that the Nazi party was largely a people's party because of their lack of divides in class and gender. However because of the size of the support in some areas e.g. the working class and the elite where it was only a small band of support and the lack of support in some other areas e.g. the Catholics they cannot be truly called a complete peoples party as they did not cater for the needs of some of the population. They were really a party, which reached many different parts of the population, but not all of it, and so in by eyes it cannot really be a people's party. ...read more.

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