• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Trade Union

Extracts from this document...


Trade Union A trade union is a group of workers who join together in order to protect their own interests and to be more powerful when negotiating with their employers. Without the influence of unions, workers may not have any voice or power. The primary purpose of a union is to maintain and advance the wage rates and working conditions of members, and to defend and promote a fair and safe working environment Trade unions exist because an individual worker has very little power to influence decisions that are made about his or her job. By joining together with other workers, there is more chance of having a voice and influence Types Of Trade Union There are four main types of trade unions: 1. General Unions. These are for skilled and unskilled workers performing different jobs in different industries (e.g. cleaners, clerical staff, transport workers). 2. Industrial unions. These are for different workers in the same industry (e.g. the National Union of Miners (N.U.M), covering workers at all levels in the hierarchy). 3. Craft Unions. These are fairly small unions for skilled workers, performing the same or similar work in different industries (e.g. musicians). 4. White-collar Unions. These are for 'white-collar' (or professional) workers who perform the same or similar tasks in different industries (e.g. ...read more.


If an employee feels they are being unfairly treated, he or she can ask the union representative to help sort out the difficulty with the manager or employer. If the problem cannot be resolved amicably, the matter may go to an industrial tribunal. Industrial tribunals make sure that employment laws are properly adhered to by employees and employers. They are made up of people outside the workplace who listen to the employer's and the employee's point of view and then make a judgement about the case. People can ask their union to represent them at industrial tribunals. Most cases that go to industrial tribunals are about pay, unfair dismissal, redundancy or discrimination at work. Unions also offer their members legal representation. Normally this is to help people get financial compensation for work-related injuries or to assist people who have to take their employer to court. Information and advice Unions have a wealth of information which is useful to people at work. They can advise on a range of issues like how much holiday you are entitled to each year, how much pay you will get if you go on maternity leave, and how you can obtain training at work. Member services During the last ten years, trade unions have increased the range of services they offer their members. ...read more.


arbitration in which the arbitrator will decide completely in favor of one party or the other, with no compromise or negotiation being allowed. It is likely, therefore, that both parties (the employers and the trade union) will make their demands more conservative and realistic than if the arbitrator was allowed to choose an outcome which was somewhere between the two. Why has trade union membership changed in recent years? There are several reasons for this fall in membership, including: * a dramatic fall in the number of jobs in manufacturing industries where union membership was traditionally high * larger numbers of unemployed people * a fall in traditional full time employment and an increase in part time and temporary workers who are less likely to join unions * an increase in the proportion of the workforce employed by small companies where it is often difficult for unions to organize Hostile legislation - the previous Conservative government introduced laws which make their members. Recent Legislation Recent legislation has severely weakened trade union power as follows: * An employer can now sue a union for lost profits if industrial action is taken without an initial secret ballot of workers. * Industrial action can be taken only against the original employer and not against his suppliers or buyers. * Mass picketing is unlawful. Only a handful of strikers are allowed to man a picket line, peacefully. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Trade Unions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Trade Unions essays

  1. I have been asked to inform you, as secretary at Cooper & Courtney Solicitors ...

    Throughout this period it meant that wharfies often had to wait around all day to see if they would get work. They often didn't and weren't paid if there wasn't work on a particular day. The wharfies reacted to these dangerous work conditions both by organising as a union and

  2. How far was the development of trade union rights hindered by divisions within the ...

    the barriers of racial and cultural origin imposed by existing local labour associations. In many ways, it was ahead of its time and highly successful, however, after the violence of the Haymarket Affair its reputation was destroyed and its influence and support dwindled.

  1. Explain fully and clearly the importance of negotiation within industrial relations to resolve disputes

    However, the government have a right not to pay teachers more money because of contracts that they have signed when they are employed. They need to find a way of getting teachers back to work without an increase in the London allowance.

  2. What were the main effects of the 1979-1997 Conservative governments’ reforms to collective ...

    It stated that ballots had to be held every five years to elect officials to the unions' National Executive Committees, secret ballots had to be held before industrial action took place (and not more that four weeks before the action was to take place).

  1. Work-life balance. In this essay, I will be writing on behalf of the New ...

    In addition to the lobbying power of trade unions, the NZCTU believes that widespread public support will assist the proposed bill. A number of surveys have shown that the public overwhelmingly supports more flexible working hours.

  2. Discuss the view that industrial relations represents a redundant and anachronistic form of management ...

    This can definitely be considered evidence for the argument that IR does not represent an anachronistic form of regulation. However, it does suggest that employers, in alignment with the government, would rather consider the workforce as individuals, the result of this is a more stable industrial community without the threat of industrial action.

  1. This paper explores the history of government, employee and employer associations and their effects ...

    recruitment activities to people of a particular social or educational background (Deery and Plowman, 1988). As can be seen, the roles of government are complex and entwined, however it is through these roles that government influences and controls the employment relationship in Australia.

  2. Employee Relations and Trade Union Recognition Within The Catering Sector.

    This has made the employees feel that neither union is capable of catering to their needs. This has created a demand for a specific union to be formed to represent the needs of the catering industry as there is a distinct feeling that existing unions lack the expertise and skill needed for such wide ranging interests.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work