• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using events from 1968 onwards explain why the PLO moved making peace with Israel in 1993.

Extracts from this document...


Using events from 1968 onwards explain why the PLO moved making peace with Israel in 1993. After WW2 the leaders of the superpowers of the world (America, Britain, and France) felt it was right to give the Jewish people a country of their own, after the horrors they endured at the hands of Hitler. They decided that the small country of Palestine, in the Middle East would be the ideal place, even though there were many Arabs living there already. They would rename the Jewish part of Palestine Israel. This would obviously anger the native Palestinians because they were forced to give up half of their land, which they had had for thousands of years, and all of the people living in those areas would lose their homes. This naturally brought about conflicts between the two religions. I will be trying to explain why the PLO moved making peace with Israel in 1993. I will use the factors: The PLO; Israel and the USA to back up my points. The PLO (Palestine Liberation Organisation) was formed in 1964 as a direct consequence of the Jews living in Palestine and they are the also the largest Palestinian group of freedom fighters. In 1968 Yasser Arafat became the leader of the PLO and he has remained there, forever since. He believes that Palestine cannot defeat Israel through war, but instead they should use terrorism to try and destroy Israel. ...read more.


In 1993 the Israelis new PM, Rabin, agreed to negotiate a peace deal with the PLO. This peace deal consisted of: * The recognition of each other * Israel will hand over some limited self rule to Palestine * Talks would begin to discuss the removal of Israeli troops * Palestinian elections But on 13th December Israeli troops failed to withdraw from the Gaza strip as previously agreed. If we look at the way that Israel retaliated to the acts of terrorism by the PLO we can see that the casualties that the Palestinians suffered as a result of Israeli reprisals are far worse than the Israeli casualties at the hands of the PLO. This almost certainly changed Yasser Arafat's mind about how to get Palestine back. Also Israel's new Prime minister helped towards Yasser Arafat changing his mind as he promised that he would try and negotiate a peace deal between Palestine and Israel. Also the fact that terrorism is condoned probably changed Yasser Arafat's mind about the way he tries to help his people. This is because he probably realized that while he was conducting terrorist attacks, the rest of the world would be less likely to help the Palestinians in their plight. In 1968 Israel's stance on the PLO was very negative. For example they refused to recognise the PLO's existence; they refused to negotiate with the PLO over any peace deals and there was to be no compromise over land. ...read more.


In 1991, the Madrid Peace talks were arranged and sponsored by the USA and Russia and these peace talks consisted of direct talks between Israel, Palestinians, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon. These peace talks would probably help the final peace agreement in 1993 and again the USA was directly involved. I think that there were a lot of reasons why the PLO moved towards making peace with Israel and some of these are: * The expulsion of the PLO by many countries such as Jordan and Syria. * The number of casualties the PLO suffered as a result of Israeli reprisals. * The direct involvement of USA when trying to negotiate a peace deal. But I think that the most important one was that Yasser Arafat realised that his terrorist attacks were not really doing any damage to Israel and that Israel's attacks were doing an enormous amount of damage to Palestinian morale and the nation as a whole. But, the fact that the PLO were being expelled or driven out by the Israelis, from any country that they tried to establish a base in, also contributed to Arafat's change of heart. For example the PLO were getting weaker and weaker as they were spread out across the Middle East and North Africa because they were getting further away from Palestine and therefore couldn't launch effective attacks on Israel. So I think that when Arafat made a peace deal, it was only because he felt that if he didn't, then the Palestinians would never be able to get their homes back. Tom Charleson ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. Terrorism. What is terrorism? 2. Why do terrorists ...

    On the 11th of September 2001 the largest attack on American soil took place since Pearl Harbour. The targets were the economic and military buildings of the US. Terrorists hijacked 4 American planes and crashed two of them into the World Trade Centre, one into the Pentagon and another into a field.

  2. Why has it been so difficult to bring peace in the Middle East?

    At the time it was clear to Israeli leaders that they would not be able to hold the lands they conquered swiftly, with the exception of the old city of Jerusalem. That all changed when settlers quickly moved into the occupied territories and created many settlements.

  1. Beliefs - "One man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter."

    Many of the members do not have any understanding of moral issues, and claim that the Western societies are immoral, bringing a clash of values and once again different beliefs. In certain groups today more and more of the followers are teenagers.

  2. Can terrorism ever be a legitimate and effective means of pursuing political goals?

    However, for hundreds of years this is exactly what it represented to many of the countries that formed the British Empire. The wave of nationalism that rapidly formed in many of these countries after WWI, and especially after WWII, presented itself in forms of violence that can be described as terrorism.

  1. Why is it difficult to keep peace talks going in the Middle East?

    Jews feels that Israel's creation soon after the Holocaust marked the beginning of this redemption and the progression towards the Messianic age. The wars of 1948 and 1967 ensured Israel's control of the "biblical territory" therefore settlement activity naturally brings redemption closer.

  2. Free essay

    why some palestinians dont agree with terrorism

    This organisation resists fanatics and thinks peace must be made through negotiation only. Another organisation which was set up by a Journalist in Chicago is Ray Hanania who organises Palestinian and Jewish comedians to put together a show about the Arab Israeli.

  1. What happened to the Palestinians as a consequence of the 1948 War? Now internationally ...

    with the UNRWA (United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees) set up by the UN. Over a million of the people live in camps run by the UNRWA. Most refugees originally thought that the camps were temporary and that after time they would be able to return to their homes.

  2. Should the West intervene militarily in Syria?

    which, despite being perfectly possible, would result in possible disbanding of the UN. There have been cases in the past, such as the League of Nations, where one country has committed an act without approval from the committee and this has resulted in huge problems, conflicts and destruction of the organisation involved.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work