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What are executive orders and how significant are they for presidential power?

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Introduction

´╗┐Diggers Rogers What are executive orders and how significant are they for presidential power? Executive orders are instructions to the federal bureaucracy that give guidance on how the president wishes legislation to be implemented. Until the early 1900?s most executive orders where unannounced and undocumented, and were only seen by the agencies upon which they were directed. However, a numbering scheme was instituted by the Department of State, in 1907. These executive orders have a huge significance over American Politics and the power of the President. As Executive orders aren?t mentioned in the US constitution, they have a huge scope of use as this is only defined by convention. Many critics have said that they are increasingly used by presidents not to facilitate the implementation of existing law, but rather to actually create a whole new law which in fact usurpers the role and function of congress. ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore, another significance of executive orders upon presidential power, is that executive orders, although they are meant to be overriding and a special power of the president, they can still be nullified by congressional legislation or judicial intervention. This means that they can simply be rejected. The most recent example of Congress nullifying an executive order appears to have involved Executive Order 12806. Executive Order 12806, issued by President Bush, directed the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services to establish a human foetal tissue bank for research projects. The President based this order on his authority under "the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America." Congress, however, explicitly nullified this order by stating that "the provisions of Executive Order 12806 shall not have any legal effect." ...read more.

Conclusion

body and may result in improved understanding of or treatments for diseases and other adverse health conditions, but are derived without creating a human embryo for research purposes or destroying, discarding, or subjecting to harm a human embryo or foetus. However executive orders may give a president less power than equivalent congressional legislation ? for example, it is more difficult for the debt commission set up by President Obama through executive orders to require congress to vote on its proposals than if it had been created by legislation. In conclusion, I believe that executive orders have a huge significance on the President and particularly on the power that he invests. The significances can be found within many cases especially that involving stem cell research which appears to be a significantly controversial topic. ...read more.

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