• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What are Primary elections and why have they been criticised?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐What are Primary elections and why have they been criticised? A primary election is an election that narrows the field of candidates before the general election. Primary elections are one means by which a political party nominates candidates for the next general election. Primaries are common in the United States, where their origins are traced to the progressive movement to take the power of candidate nomination from party leaders to the people. Other methods of selecting candidates include caucuses, conventions, and nomination meetings. Primary elections are criticised for many reasons, one of the reasons being that they do not produce the candidate/s most likely to win the general election since only a small fraction of party members (usually hard-liners) ...read more.

Middle

Primary elections are also criticised as they are extremely expensive and (unless organized and paid for by the public purse, which they are in some cases) take funds away from the general election campaign. Barack Obama's fundraising broke previous records for presidential primary and general campaigns, and has changed expectations for future presidential elections. The campaign avoided using public campaign funds, raising all of its money privately from individual donors. By the general election the campaign committee raised more than $650 million for itself, and coordinated with both the Democratic National Committee (DNC) ...read more.

Conclusion

Another reason Primary elections are criticised are because they are seen to take the decision away from the most experienced, the office holders, and party leadership. Instead, ordinary party members with little or no experience of running for or holding public office get to decide. Finally Primary elections weaken the party structures by putting the focus on individual candidates rather than on the party manifesto or policies. Usually Primary elections promote the candidate running so much in the media that it is often forgotten the policies that the candidate is actually running for. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United States section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United States essays

  1. Explain the significance of the New Hampshire Primary and the Iowa Caucus in the ...

    As a result, it is not reasonably accurate to say that the convention confirms rather than choses the final candidate. At no convention, since the 1976 Ford/Regan campaign, has the choice of the presidential candidate been in doubt for both parties' convention.

  2. Presidential Elections

    The conventions are attended by delegates. In theory the conventions chose the party's presidential candidate in a roll call vote and in pre-reform days most delegates would make their mind up on the day of the conference however in modern times it is almost common practice that a delegate will turn up already supporting one particular candidate.

  1. Consider whether the growth of primary elections in the Presidential nomination process has reduced ...

    election, but in many cases a voter may vote for who they deem to be the weakest candidate. This can lead to confusion before the National Nominating Convention, with many of the party bosses unaware of who is actually leading the race.

  2. Free essay

    Should the primary system be reformed?

    and fundraising: the New Hampshire primary has been accurate reflection of the Democratic nominee on nine out of thirteen occasions since 1960. Since the running order for primaries remains pretty consistent from year-to-year, states like New Hampshire and Iowa are considered to play a disproportionately prominent role in Presidential politics.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work