• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"What are the long-term Jewish and Palestinian claims to the land of Israel?"

Extracts from this document...


"What are the long-term Jewish and Palestinian claims to the land of Israel?" One of the main reasons why the conflict in the Middle East between the Jews and the Palestinian Arabs is so bad is to do with the long term claims to the land. Both the Arabs and the Jews believe that the land is rightfully theirs because of the long term settling which both sides have taken part in. The Jews believe that they own the land because they think that in c.1200 BC Moses led God put them into the area of Palestine and so according to the Old Testament Jews in Palestine. It was not only religion that made them think that they deserved the land; they also feel that they needed it. The Romans had conquered Palestine after a periodic resistance by the Jews around 63 BC. But after revolt the Jews were forced to leave Palestine and were dispersed (this was called Diaspora) throughout the Roman Empire around 135AD. Ever since the Jews were forced out of Palestine they had always longed to return, every year at Passover they would hope that the next year they would be in Palestine. ...read more.


The Jews needed to feel safe after being attacked by many European countries, such as France and Russia, simply because of their anti-Semitic views. A book called "The Jewish State" was published which was the beginning of a political movement called Zionism. Zionism would allow the people to live safely in their own way. The Zionists made an agreement with the Sultan of Turkey, to allow the Jews to move into Palestine. By 1914 85,000 Jews were in Palestine. The Zionists not only wanted to be in Palestine to feel safe but also because they wanted to live in a Jewish area, with Jewish people. The Arabs wanted to rule the area them selves. They hated the idea of Turkish people interfering with their lives and customs. The Turks were making a massive empire, and when they ruled the Arabs country they gave them no independence, which is why the Arabs wanted to rule again. The Turks were making the Arabs lead the Turkish way of life. They made them speak Turkish, the made them follow the Turkish national dress, and they also persecuted any Arabs who resented the Sultan, or resented his allowance of Jewish immigration. ...read more.


This would make the Arabs feel betrayed by the English as the land they thought they would be getting has now got to be shared with the Jews, and the British government were making interfering decisions without the consent of the Arabs. When both sides has seen that Britain has been promising both sides land then this would make them less likely to make peace because Britain, potentially a peace making country is now ruled out of helping as both the Jews and the Arabs would hate the British, so would not want to communicate with them to make a new deal, especially after they betrayed and lied to them after World War one. All of the above make peace harder to get to, the long term claims makes both sides believe that the land is already theirs, for religious reasons or just simply already being there. The nationalist argument means both the sides are wanting independence and would be willing to fight (there fore not being peaceful towards each other). And finally the war makes it even harder for the British especially to help make peace between the two countries. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. Free essay

    The State of Irael is not the Promised Land

    is the Promised Land for any descendent of Abraham or his tribe. Furthermore this can be added a as valid source because the bible is the word of God and has put it in to context that the land is the Jewish promised land.

  2. What are the long term Jewish and Palestinian claims to the land of Israel?

    Due to both these cultures wanting their own nation, we can also see that the Jews and Arabs were not going to live together peacefully. The Jews and Arabs both believed that Palestine should be their own land and independent state, for the British had promised them both that they could live in Palestine.

  1. 'The new Palestinian Revolt',

    The two main issues to be discussed in this section are the Al Aqsa Intifada and the israeli response. Secondly, the use of suicide bombings by Palestinians as a political and military tool by the Palestinians will be examined. The core of the debate can be summed up by phrases

  2. The Jewish State

    In the year of 1891 he was sent to Paris to write a story for his newspaper when he came face to face with the problem of anti- Semitism. This sparked the beginning of what Herzl called the Zionist Movement.

  1. Why was the State of Israel successfully established in 1948?

    This however was unrealistic and the Zionists knew this. Britain wanted to remove its military presence as soon as possible and no country was prepared to send troops to replace them to either maintain the status quo or to create a trusteeship. The Arabs had already made their disdain for the partition plan obvious.

  2. Assess the effectiveness of the Arab and Israeli peace initiatives from the 1970s to ...

    Later in the month the world was stunned to learn that the Israelis and the PLO had been meeting secretly in Oslo, Norway for months hammering out an agreement. On September 13, 1993, following months of secret meetings between representatives from the two sides in Norway, Yasser Arafat, Chairman of

  1. Jewish Diaspora.

    Thus, the dispersion of the Jewish people to lands outside of Israel began. This has come to be known as the Jewish Diaspora (Dee-ahs-porah). The Jewish Diaspora is probably one of the least-known events in history, even though it has been important to every country in the world.

  2. The land of Israel, home of the holy land Jerusalem, has been around for ...

    (Frenkel 157) As stated by Frenkel the Israeli culture is torn between becoming a modern city and remaining traditional, which is causing problems in the society. Israel is perceived as being overwhelmed by three different sets of ongoing conflicts consisting between Jews and Arabs, secular and religious Jews, and new immigrants and old-timers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work