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What changed between the 1980's and the early 1990's to make many Israelis and Palestinians support the peace efforts of Prime minister Rabin of Israel and Chairman Arafat of the Palestinian Liberation Organisation?

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Introduction

What changed between the 1980's and the early 1990's to make many Israelis and Palestinians support the peace efforts of Prime minister Rabin of Israel and Chairman Arafat of the Palestinian Liberation Organisation? The whole situation was changed by Intifada, which broke out in 1987. This was the spontaneous rising of the Palestinians in the occupied territories. The intention was to make these areas impossible to govern. This was done with a combination of strikes, barricades, stones and missile throwing plus the total hostility of Israel. In the front line there were often Palestinian soldiers doing nothing but throwing stones and taunting their Israeli soldier enemies. Israel reacted to this by arresting alleged leaders in control of the Intifada. Curfews were set up, and when there was violence towards them it was met with violence in return. ...read more.

Middle

They secretly began to negotiate with the Palestinians over a peace deal. The Israelis would be very ready to make peace by 1993 because for years they had been in the centre of violent attacks and terrorism and unhappiness had been around them all their lives. Israelis would start to be getting sick and tired of this and would be thinking it had gone on way too long and it needed stopping however possible. Also a lot of Israelis were shocked by what they saw happening during the Intifada and wanted to know that this couldn't happen to them. The Israelis would also know that if Intifada continued then they would be seen as terrible killers all over the world, and would start to loose support from very strong countries. ...read more.

Conclusion

By the 1990's there were even more militant groups. Hamas, formed in 1987, which was inspired by a religious revolution in Iran. Young Palestinians were increasingly attracted to such groups. Arafat in particular would be ready to make peace in the '90's because he had been loosing so much support recently as it was looking less likely they would get Palestine back. All the loss of support, because of him making silly mistakes while choosing sides to support often meant be wasn't the most popular person. So he had to do something big which would get him loved all over the world and by the Palestinians, such as give them peace. It was also a great time to try and create peace after Intifada as they would now have a lot of sympathy world over which wouldn't last long, but they could use this on their side to get a good deal while making peace. ...read more.

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