• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What happened to the Palestinians as a consequence of the 1948 War? Now internationally known as Israel, this significant area of land (approx 10,000 square miles

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What happened to the Palestinians as a consequence of the 1948 War? Now internationally known as Israel, this significant area of land (approx 10,000 square miles) is situated in the middle East at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. The capital is Jerusalem and its neighbouring countries are Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon. The state language is Hebrew, however over the years the range of people populating the land has considerably grown. Hebrew, Arabic, Yiddish, German, Russian, Polish, Romanian and Persian people all occupy Israel. The land too ranges from the fertile densely populated Mediterranean coastal plains to the lowest place on earth; the Great Rift Valley. The Israeli/Palestine conflict has been a major issue ever since the ancient times when it was originally the homeland of the Jews, Judea (meaning the area around Jerusalem). In 6 AD the Romans conquered Judea and it was renamed Palestine. The Jews were forcibly exiled from their homeland and scattered across the world. Then in 7 AD Palestine was conquered by the Arab followers of the prophet Muhammed, Arabs then occupied Palestine for thousands of years and Islam and the Arabic language became a familiar way of life for the Palestinian population. In 1516 Palestine was conquered by the Turkish ottoman Empire. In the late years of the 19th century, anti-semitism in Russia and then France became more and more severe. ...read more.

Middle

The revolt was led by the Husseini family, hundreds of both Jews and Arabs were killed. But the Jews kept coming as the holocaust began in Germany in 1938 there was a major influx of Jewish immigrants. By 1939, the British government had begun to regret their decisions whilst feeling sympathetic towards the Arabs and were now against a Zionist state. The 1939 White Paper decreed that 15,000 Jews would only be allowed to enter Palestine each year for five years. However the fighting still continued and armies such as the Irgun and Haganah supporting Britain against the Nazis were set up. In October 1945 a guerrilla war was started. In February 1947 Britain announced that she would hand Palestine over to the United Nations. On 29th November 1947 the UN approved a partition to split Palestine into two states - one for the Palestinian population and one for the immigrated Jews. Although the split did not include Jerusalem they still happily accepted, however the Arabs refused point blank as they believed the split was unfair Although the Palestinians accounted for 65% of the population but only kept 40% of the land, they were furious. Following the approval over the next few months there was increasing violence between the Jews and Arabs in Palestine. On 14th May 1948 Ben Gurion leader of the Zionist, proclaimed the state of Israel in existence, the Arabs were already angry ...read more.

Conclusion

Bad timing and ill use of ceasefires led to the Israeli victory. Then there were the Palestinians that actually remained in the Jewish controlled areas. When the Jews came from across the world many tried to assimilate and as a result intermarried with the Palestinians. So when the fighting began they had to suffer the War around them and many may have broken due to the pressure. Also after the War, the Palestinians that stayed in their homes under Jewish control would have been humiliated and resentful at having to live under Jewish control. But the ultimate consequence for the Palestinians from the 1948 war is that they lost their own homeland. Their religious historical connections to the land had been stripped from them. In 1948 the Arab Palestinians were only under control of the Gaza Strip, East Jerusalem and the West bank. They would have to continue living in their camps knowing that they would most likely never gain back their own homeland as it would be such a large enemy to contend with. The Jews now had America and Britain supporting them. With Germany's defeat in the Second World War the Palestinians had barely any support since their neighbouring countries did not seem too interested. The Palestinians probably never thought about the prospect of losing their home and in a matter of months many had been evicted from their own country. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. Explain why the UNO decided to partition Palestine in 1948?

    partition plan, and therefore many more people could have been killed, and even worse fighting than we have today could still be claiming the lives of many. There were many reasons why the British handed over control of Palestine to the UNO.

  2. British policy towards Palestine in the creation of Israel, one must carefully analyze British ...

    During this period, Zionist underground subversive organizations, such as the Haganah, headed by David Ben Gurion, the Irgun, headed by Menachem Begin, and the Stern Gang, co-headed by Yitzhak Shamir, engaged in a form of 'ethnic cleansing' in order to effect an exodus of Palestine's Arab population.

  1. The Lebanon Civil War: Syria’s Role in Lebanon

    However, the overall life in the country was disintegrated. Anarchy was ghosted. Political and economy life was out of the authoritie's control, Lebanon's Army too. Finally, as the only solution that was applicable here was deploying of Arabian Peace Corps.

  2. "What are the main differences between the beliefs and attitudes of the Jews/Israelis and ...

    Western people generally hated the Jewish people- they were obviously different in terms of customs, diet and dress. Many Catholics blamed the Jews for the death of Christ on the cross, and resented the fact that the Jews were good moneylenders, rich and much more influential than the working class Europeans.

  1. It is ironic how many wars have begun due to religion.

    By the spring of 1948 the Zionist armies had gained control of the land that was theirs under the UN Partition Plan 181. May 15th saw the British Mandate run out and the withdrawal of British troops in Palestine and the Zionist leaders proclaimed the state of Israel.

  2. Assess the effectiveness of the Arab and Israeli peace initiatives from the 1970s to ...

    What happened instead was a grotesque lengthening of an already tense border. With increasing violence came a proliferation of checkpoints, but everyone quickly realized that maintaining security would be immensely more difficult. The seeds of the second intifada (begins in September, 2000)

  1. To what extent is the city of Jerusalem vital to the followers of three ...

    Problems in the Middle East mainly arise from differences between Israelis and Palestinians. The Israelis claim that it is now their rightful turn to return to the land of their ancestors, reconstructing their Temple, and establishing the State of Israel, with Jerusalem as the capital.

  2. 'The new Palestinian Revolt',

    era, means were judged against the ultimate aims, therefore; "What better aim could there be for Jews, six million of whom had been murdered...than the creation of a Jewish state to care for the survivors"9 This concludes the Jewish and British perspective of actions carried out in a context, where

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work