• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is meant by the term 'patronage' as used in passage 2?What do the passages suggest about the premiership of Margaret Thatcher?

Extracts from this document...


(1) What is meant by the term 'patronage' as used in passage 2? (2) What do the passages suggest about the premiership of Margaret Thatcher? (3) From the information in passage 3, and from your own knowledge, how has Tony Blair developed the office of prime minister? (4) Is it true to say that the UK now features prime ministerial rather than Cabinet government? (1) Patronage is an important part of the prime minister's job. The new PM has the constitutional right to choose the members of their cabinet and to make all other ministerial appointments. It is the job of the party whips to recommend any potential talent to the PM. The prime minister can also create peers, appoint staff in Downing and appoint top civil servants as well as chairs of nationalised industries. The PM also has the main responsibility to recommend for knighthoods etc. to the queen. In the passage it states that Thatcher "held the power of patronage for an unrivalled eleven years" This is until her ministers realised that her popularity was falling and she no longer held authority over her Cabinet. (2) Margaret Thatcher's premiership, though it lasted a long time, was to end unhappily. In passage 1 George Jones argues that Thatcher's "personal authority was ultimately over-stretched to the extent that her cabinet colleagues decided that she had gone too far. ...read more.


It now appears that he is adopting a more 'gun-ho' attitude and will go it alone against Iraq whether his party and the electorate support him or not. This is where the idea that Blair was becoming too presidential was invented. Since becoming prime minister and particularly in his second term, Blair has spent very little time in his own country. His interests have become far too international and the press and the electorate in particular are beginning to feel that he is not concerned with the crisis in his own country and rather more interested in becoming a world power to the same extent as America. He ought to realise that to the British public, home comes first. His relationship with Bush is getting stronger every day, even though bush faces a huge opposition over many of his policies. Blair's critics also argue that he has delayed various referendums such as the euro as the year 2002 has been particularly patriotic with the Queen's Golden Jubilee and the World cup etc. he knows that the nation would almost certainly vote against it. If the government were to lose a referendum it would be very bad for their image and party morale and parliament would almost certainly take a vote of no confidence. If Blair were to be removed from office, he wouldn't like to go that way. ...read more.


The basic idea is that power has moved very substantially from the parliament itself to the executive. This seriously affects both individual and collective ministerial responsibility. If an individual minister retains the support of the prime minister and cabinet, then parliament can do little about any alleged incompetence. Similarly, if the cabinet collectively stands firm in parliament, since it controls the majority, it is safe from serious censure. It is no wonder that commentators talk of prime ministerial and cabinet government, rather than parliamentary. It is now becoming the case that the prime minister barely seeks the consent of his cabinet. This must seriously undermine the position of his authority within both cabinet and parliament. Prime Ministerial meetings with one or two ministers, also help to co ordinate government policy as well as being a positive reaction to the problems often experienced with the size of the cabinet. This is possibly one of the reasons Blair has a problem with his cabinet meetings, there are simply too many ministers and so to get through everything in only one hour would be extremely difficult. In my opinion it is true to say that Blair has taken on too much for his role as prime minister. He is behaving in the same way as a president and this is bringing much criticism that will not bode well for his future. If he is to be elected again, he must not get somplacent and assume that the voting behaviour will remain the same. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United Kingdom section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United Kingdom essays

  1. Government & Politics Revision Notes

    Citizens are therefore protected against the danger of a power hungry government. * Constitutional changes- Constitutional changes are popularly endorsed through referendums because constitutional rules affect the way the country is governed, and so are more important than ordinary laws.

  2. The Vampires Attack As he walked up the rickety ...

    the Prime Minister asked, wondering if his colleague had made a mistake. "Yes. We appear to have the first ever sighting of vampires in the world. I think we should try to get hold of one of them to question it."

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work