• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What problems faced the framers of the Constitution in 1787?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What problems faced the framers of the Constitution in 1787? The American constitution of 1787 was drawn up to replace the gap left behind following the end of British rule and allow the declaration of independence to be translated into a workable government. It sought to replace the articles of the confederation and perpetual union by creating a greater separation of powers and expressing the principles of democracy. The constitution attempted to balance the need for greater federal control and unity amongst the states whilst protecting individual state liberty and ensuring that no group would gain ascendancy. It provided the framework for a government strong enough to protect commerce and weak enough to prevent it from abusing its powers. However the problems that faced the framers of the constitution meant that the constitution would not be complete and further amendments would be needed. The framers of the constitution faced a wide variety of problems in 1787 mainly concentrated on the diversity between the states. Historically, the American culture was split following years of settlement from the British the French and the Spanish. ...read more.

Middle

However the framers also had to provide a government that was superior to the states. There was economic diversity between the states, from plantations in the south to the merchants in New England. The framers needed to protect the industries but also provide a united front to Europe. Slavery also split the states, and a civil war could have occurred earlier if the framers did not address the issue. There were also many radical state legislatures, which the framers needed to deal with, notably Rhode Island. The framers also had to deal with how to make the new government representative equally between the states. The diversity between the states meant that there was very little consensus and that framing a constitution around them would create a compromise. The framers had to provide the constitution to meet all these problems. One way it did this was by a separation of powers. The principle of separation of powers, the executive, the legislative and the judiciary, ensured that a system of checks and balances was enabled to protect the rights of the states and of the constitution whilst providing a government strong enough to guard against 'excessive democracy.' ...read more.

Conclusion

This appeased the south sufficiently to prevent them from rejecting the constitution, but the problem was still there. The constitution was able to gain popular support through providing elections and later by a Bill of Rights. The Marbury versus Madison case showed that the Supreme Court would uphold the constitution. The constitution gave those powers that were not enumerated, in the necessary and proper clause, to the states and thus appeased those people who wanted to protect their state rights and liberties. The Presidency had a four-year term and elected indirectly through an electoral college. If an amendment was needed for the constitution then it needed two-thirds approval in the Congress and three-fourths adoption by the states. Article six in the constitution made sure that national law was the supreme law of the land and could not be overruled by state law. There are a number of limits placed on the government. The habeas corpus act protected citizen's liberties. By applying the principles of federalism and a separation of powers, the framers of the constitution were able to create a balance of the problem facing them and the need for a united economic country. 1 Jack Gabb Page ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United States section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United States essays

  1. To what extent is the American Constitution an elitist document?Why then did the framers ...

    The result was a building economic recession. * The national government did not have exclusive control over the money supply. Each state and the national government had its own money supply. In the face of these crises, the elites (for want of a better word), of the thirteen states decided

  2. The British Constitution

    The Monarch is required by the government to assent all bills. This is called The Royal Assent. This is a process that allows a bill to become a statute. The role of the Monarch in this process is in fact by convention only.

  1. To what extent has the Constitution protected civil liberties in America?

    This is seen as another major infringement on civil liberties. As soon as Pearl Harbour took place in 1945, Roosevelt authorized internment for all Japanese Americans. They were a perceived threat as they were seen to be loyal to Japan over USA.

  2. Doctrine of the separation of powers.

    Sovereign is the head of the executive but her role is more ceremonial. However contrary to the USA doctrine of separations ministers are by convention members of the legislature. While this is a breach of the doctrine it can rationalised by saying that it promotes the responsibility of ministers by

  1. 'Few individuals significantly alter the course of history. Fewer still modify the map of ...

    These organizations did not recognize Jinnah's leadership since he was a Parsee, an Islamic sect that was not recognized by all Muslims. Jinnah confronted these political parties through secret dialogues between 1939-1941 and gained their support. In turn these parties promised to support the Muslim League and recognize it as

  2. How is Britain's constitution changing in the 21st century?

    German ministers for his refusal to surrender Britain's veto on tax and social affairs (Waugh and Castle, 2000). The European effect upon the constitution is a serious one to be considered, especially when issues such as tax and social affairs are choosing to be addressed by the EU.

  1. The Religious Right

    The group has also, in a joint effort with 13 other groups, the CWA released an advertisement stating "The DOJ and FBI should immediately investigate whether 'adult' videos being sold in hotels by OnCommand and LodgeNet violate long-established Federal and State laws regarding distribution of obscene material.

  2. The Separation of Church and State in America.

    Public schools in America are a government entity and therefore they must be secular. Because all public schools must be secular, no public school can push or support any particular religion. Even though the existence of this mandate, In 1978 the state of Kentucky mandated that all public school classrooms must show the 10 commandments (God and Government .

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work