• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why are pressure groups more important powerful in America compared to the UK?

Extracts from this document...


Why are pressure groups more important powerful in America compared to the UK? The Media in the USA you can see the effect that the pressure groups have upon the US political system, it is clear that this differs to the UK where most of the work done by pressure groups remains behind the media spot light and could be seen as less powerful. In the UK political power is concentrated. There is a dominant branch of government this is the executive in Whitehall. In a parliamentary system such as in the UK the executive is drawn from the legislature. Ministers must be members of parliament. In practice, the executive is composed of the leading figures in the majority party and effectively controls the legislature because of that majority. The party that wins power can claim authority known as a mandate from the electorate to carry out its manifesto. It is expected to implement its promises and faces political embarrassment if it fails to do so. ...read more.


Party is the dominant factor in UK politics is about the clash of parties at national level, party competition dominates the working of parliament. The majority party directs government. The emphasis of the political system has been to produce 'strong' governments where reliance has been placed more on the ultimate political control, i.e. the need to win general elections. The distinction between political parties and pressure groups has become blurred. Today many groups endorse candidates for office, raising campaign funds, provide workers, pay for television advertising and generally help out at election time. For example, in 1988, the Liberty Federation provided campaign funds and television advertising for both George Bush and conservative Republican Congressional candidates. Funding of candidates by PACs means pressure groups can sponsor campaigns and political advertising for example pro and anti-abortion. Think tanks started in US such as Brookings Institute or Heritage Institute In UK however, many of same groups and types of pressure groups operate e.g. professional like American Medical Association or BMA in UK;, manufacturing industry, large companies such as Union Carbide or General Motors or oil companies like BP - refer to our visiting speaker John O'Reilly from BP Public Affairs Dept, who has lived in London, Washington and Alaska. ...read more.


In the US there is a Federal system this means pressure groups can operate at several levels and access points e.g. states, executive, legislature, judiciary. Political power more spread out in the US, separation of powers, so all the above are targets for lobbyists. E.g. BP Britain is more homogeneous than the USA, and has fewer regional, racial and religious differences. Religion tends to be a question of personal conscience and the political questions about the role of state and church are of little interest to the most unreligious population in Europe. So there are fewer pressure groups on this matter and perhaps feelings are less strong in the UK than in the US in this matter Key difference is different structure of government, then number of access points. In UK mainly executive, both civil service and Ministers who are supposed to make decisions. This reflects the concentration or fusion of powers in the UK. In US federal system shown by importance of state governments at all levels. The weakness of parties is also clear in US less point in lobbying central party orgs, but much point in financing and supporting individual candidates. Katie Shield 6th March 2009 Politics Mr. Gregory. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Pressure Groups section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Pressure Groups essays

  1. Compare and Contrast Pluralist and Marxist Accounts of Power in the UK and US.

    the ruling class so that the proletariat do not fully understand their own situation. The justification of oppression is also supposed to be carried out by other institutions such as the church. Whilst pluralists see power dispersal as a positive move to ensure that no single group can act in

  2. The wealthier and the closer the pressure group is to the government, the more ...

    democracy is enhanced, as no sectors of the public are excluded from expressing their support towards a pressure group. However, the presence of democracy appears limited at times, as the apparent elitist nature of pressure groups in particular insider groups whose wealth appears to enhance their influence on government ministers.

  1. Analyse the ways in which US pressure groups are more significant than their UK ...

    They provide voter guides to their members, informing them of the candidates' views on issues that concern the electorate. Pressure groups, such as the American Civil Liberties Union, also try and change the interpretation of the Constitution through the rulings of the Supreme Court.

  2. Cuban Government structure.

    The lower court system comprises fourteen people's provincial courts and 169 people's basic courts at the public level. The judiciary is not recognized as an independent part of government but is instead secondary to the Council of State and the ANPP.

  1. The existence of pressure group makes government more democratic; the activities of pressure groups ...

    These groups because of the strategies are regularly unsuccessful when trying to influence government, and many feel that the terror tactics some groups use undermines the authority of government. Further categorisations can be made into case and interest groups, which differ from insider and outsider groups.

  2. Pressure Groups - Exam Questions

    When talking about using the media it is not just newspapers, although these are the most popular and effective form of advertisement to use - an example of this would be when F.O.E and Greenpeace put an advert in the independent to advertise a walking protest against the Newbury bypass

  1. Why Have Pressure Groups Become More Popular Than Political Parties?

    These tend to be a narrower range of issues. Pressure groups are also known as interest groups, and that is because they represent one of few basic interests. The Trade Unions, for example, represent an interest, but, they also deal with more than one issue, all be it largely related to the same concept.

  2. To what extent have pressure groups in the UK changed in recent years?

    This is because of the general frustration caused by many things occurring currently in society such as the economic turmoil and how the political parties governing the country haven't taken proper measures to correct this disaster.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work