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Why are some pressure groups more successful than others?

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Introduction

Why are some pressure groups more successful than others? A pressure group is an organisation that may be formal or informal whose purpose is to further the interests of a specific section of society or to promote a certain cause; there are many reasons why a pressure group would want to do this too. There are various degrees of success with pressure groups, ranging from amending or passing Acts of Parliament to gaining public support. One thing that can alter a pressure group's success is whether the group is an insider or outsider group, and its relationship with the government. An insider group is one that operates within the political system and which normally has support from MP's, they are normally consulted by the government on matters that may affect the group or its members. The British Medical Association is an insider group and is consulted by the government regularly, recently they were included in discussions over the proposed NHS reforms and as a result of those talks the reforms were altered. Insider groups will have regular contact with MP's and other decision makers and so have more opportunities to influence them and their policies. ...read more.

Middle

Pressure groups that use tactics and methods widely are more likely to be successful rather that groups that 'sit back' and that are not involved in any public demonstrations or petitions such a Tentelini, a group that isn't known to use any methods to gain attention or to influence the government. The membership of a pressure group and the support, especially celebrity support, that it holds can also determine its success. If a pressure group has support from celebrities, it can become more well known and also the celebrity can endorse the pressure group and increase its chances of success, unlike groups which aren't supported by any celebrity and which rely on other sources to increase the public awareness of the group. Many pressure groups are supported by celebrities such as Children in Need which is supported by Sir Terry Wogan, Amnesty International which is supported by Colin Firth and Beat Bulling which is supported by the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge. The membership of a group can also lead to its success as with more members, it can have more of an impact and more of a say as it will represent or have the support of many/more people. ...read more.

Conclusion

The finance of a pressure group can also contribute to its success. If a group has secure financial backing, it has more money to spend on resources and towards organising things such as public demonstrations and advertising, for example GOSH raises over �50 million a year and those funds raised go towards funding the hospital and to funding future events. But if a group doesn't have secure financial aid then it can't afford to run and will not be able to fulfil its aims, such as the Occupy London group. Many pressure groups are successful because of a number of reasons, they may be a well publicised group with realistic aims and support from various high-profile celebrities. However other pressure groups may not be so successful as they may not have the support of the government or of the general public, like the more successful groups do. The success of a pressure group over another is due to many, and a combination of, reasons which includes having realistic aims, gaining the support of both the public and the government, being well organised and having a clear leader, having media support and holding good financial backing. ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

A good essay with some excellent use of examples in places. The answer does address the question although it is lacking in places in evaluation and analysis of the factors that lead to some pressure groups being more successful than others.

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Marked by teacher Jessica Jung 04/04/2012

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