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Why did Afrikaners establish apartheid in 1948?

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Why did Afrikaners establish apartheid in 1948? During the seventeenth century South Africa was colonized by English and Dutch, the decedents of the Dutch settlers became known as as Boers who were determined to live by their own rules and not to be controlled by anyone else, they wanted economical end geographical control, but most of all the wanted to be segregated from all non-whites, the wanted Apartheid: Afrikaans: "apartness", a policy that governed relations between South Africa's white minority and black majority, sanctioned racial segregation and political and economical discrimination against non-whites. In 1838 their journey to gain the power that they longed for began. Since the Dutch and the British set foot in South Africa the British had gained control over the Dutch, but on December 16th 1836 the Afrikaners disobeyed British rule, and made the Great Trek from the cape to Transvaal to fight in the battle of Blood River against the Zulus. It was fought on the banks of Buffalo River, which later became known as Blood River after its water was reddened by the blood of 3,000 Zulu warriors, whilst only 4 Afrikaners were wounded. The Boers believed that their great defeat of the Zulus was the result of a Covenant they made with God. The promise was that " if you deliver our enemies (Zulus) ...read more.


At the start of the First World War (1914-1918), Louis Botha the raining prime minister at the time, wished to enter the war on the side of the British, however Nationalist groups strongly apposed this course of action. Ten thousand Afrikaners rebelled against him because of past conflict between them and the British. Also because Britain had colonies of other races, supporting them would be a contradiction of their beliefs. Botha managed to retain political power and South Africa went to war on the side of the British. Nationalism once again grew and racism was now at large. A later prime minister, Hertzog was an extreme nationalist. He admired the tactics of Hitler during the rein of Nazi Germany, and wanted to us the "cleansing of the unfit" method in his own country. He encouraged nationalist behaviour and made the idea of apartheid more pluseable. Hertzog was in power when the Second World War came but unlike Botha he resigned rather than support the British. His successor Daniel Malen retained leadership of a new party in 1940. The party was called the reunited national party. Formed by Malen and Hertzog it united the Afrikaners, they now had the power that they needed to start making plans for Apartheid and lead by Malen they were unstoppable. ...read more.


The contributions made by Daniel Malen and Henrik Verwoerd are classified as short term, steps towards apartheid even though their contributions were the most significant, in achieving power for the Boers, because of their determination and effort. Long-term causes were the battle of Blood River (great trek) and the Boer War. In conclusion I have reviewed the evidence and decided that the most important factors in gaining Apartheid supremacy was Verwoerds contribution to the apartheids laws, which repressed and restricted 25 million blacks. This battery of laws made 5 million white dreams come true, whilst controlling every aspect of South African life: home, work, education, love, religion politics, culture and reproduction, the National Party let nothing slide, overall racism was the key to its success. However this would not have been possible unless previous Steps had been taken, starting with the Great Trek and continuing in a process of continual change. As the nationalism grew, so did the idea of Apartheid. So I conclude that Afrikaners established an apartheid state in 1948 to fulfil the 300-year Afrikan dream that one day they would have complete control of South Africa and all the races contained in it. The dream fuelled by racism became increasingly stronger and more possible during the 3 centuries, due to the growing levels of nationalism among Boers after major events mentioned in the essay. Malen and Verwoerd were the most determined of these Afrikaners and finally made this dream become reality. ...read more.

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