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Why did the liberal government come into conflict with the house of lords in the years 1906-1911?

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Introduction

WHY DID THE LIBERAL GOVERNMENT COME INTO CONFLICT WITH THE HOUSE OF LORDS IN THE YEARS 1906-1911? The liberal government came into conflict with the House of Lords for the fundamental reason that the Lords consisted of a huge majority of conservative supporters and members thus numerous differences of political views arose causing conflict between the Lords and the liberals. Bills presented to the Lords were not passed as they not were benefiting the conservative party due to this the liberals became frustrated as rejection of their bills became frequent, for example the veto of the plural voting bill 1906. The Lords were simply going to protect the interests of the conservative party and basically do whatever Mr.Balfour told them to do, which undoubtedly was going to cause conflict between the two houses. The liberals only alternative to deal with the problem of the Lords was to reduce there power but the Lords were not going to stand for this which also brought about major conflict .The set up of an undemocratic system in parliament had arisen as the un-elected body was stopping the elected body from governing the country. Overall from 1906 to 1910 The House of Lords vetoed liberal bills. This included the Education bill. This bill was rejected by the Lords in 1906 it was the first of many. The idea of the bill was that it would reduce the Anglican Church influence in schools. ...read more.

Middle

The bill was seen as extremely radical for the Lords to pass and was definitely worth the breaking of their 250-year tradition, therefore it was vetoed, this brought about major conflict. The liberals desperately needed the money from the budget to pay for the now more expensive old age pensions, by more expensive I refer to the miscalculations made by Asquith, it was now apparent that twice the amount of old people were now allegeable for this social scheme. Other costly aspects also needed to be paid for from the 1909 budget, for example the dreadnoughts and most importantly the forthcoming social reforms planned by the liberals. The rejection of this was going to cause major problems for the liberals as a political party and the conflict between the Lords and the liberals was ever increasing in 1909 when it was vetoed. The Lords themselves were also extremely annoyed by the budget because it was seen as a direct hit on the conservative supporters, it was seen as so radical because nothing of this extent had been presented as a finance bill in the past. The rejection of the peoples budget encouraged the liberals to reduce the power of the Lords so a major blow to their social legislation plans would not occur in the future, as had occurred with the budget veto in 1909. The rejection of the 1909 budget was a major climax for the conflict between the House of Lords and the liberals because the veto was undemocratic. ...read more.

Conclusion

liberals because they could not pass any of their bills, it also meant that the un-elected body, the Lords were stopping the elected body, the liberals from implementing their campaigns made to the people in the 1906 election. The Lords constant vetoing of bills was portraying the liberal party quite badly and in turn making them look as an unsuccessful political party. Conflict from this occurred because the liberals were being treated extremely unfairly and the whole system was completely undemocratic. The rejection of the Education, Plural voting and Licensing bills contributed to the conflict because the liberals virtually could not do anything and they were bitter towards the vetoing by the Lords. The rejection of the peoples budget in 1909 was the climax of the increasing conflict because a finance bill was not rejected due to the 250-year tradition of the Lords, the rejection was going to bring about major problems for the liberals as a governing body and the rejection of it was seen as unreasonable. The obstacles faced by Asquith to pass the Parliament bill caused major conflict because of the hatred aimed towards the liberals from the Lords for reducing their power. Overall the Lords themselves brought about the conflict caused because they refused to reorganize the undemocratic system currently present in parliament. So they definitely were not justified in their harsh reactions to the Parliament bill, the liberals were simply trying to set up the democratic system that was needed in Britain to run a successful government. ...read more.

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