• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Liberal governments come into conflict with the House of Lords in the years 1906 to 1911?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Lizzie Godsill 21 November 2003 Why did the Liberal governments come into conflict with the House of Lords in the years 1906 to 1911? Before 1900 politics in Britain had been dominated by the educated and rich upper classes, owing to their social connections and not necessarily to their political talent. The House of Lords was made up of hereditary aristocrats who were principally Conservative voters. Towards the end of the 19th century the House of Commons gained many middle class politicians owing to the domination of the Liberal governments. The Liberals formed the first cabinet in history which was not predominantly upper class. In 1906 the Liberals won a landslide victory over the Conservatives which meant they had a huge middle class majority in the Commons. This majority enabled all bills put forward by the Liberals to be passed easily through the Commons. Although the House of Commons had been invaded by middle class seats, the House of Lords was still dominated intensively by the upper classes, and so when Liberal bills came to the Lords, they were harder to get passed because of the Lords' resentment of the Liberals. ...read more.

Middle

Lloyd George was planning to raise taxes on petrol when only the rich had cars, and duties on spirits which were widely drunk by those who could afford it. Lloyd George claimed that the Liberals could "still make political advantage out of a refusal", implying that they were in a situation where they could not lose. Landsdown, the Conservative leader in the Lords, had much to explain and had to express a reason for the Lords' refusal. He claimed that the Liberals did not have a mandate for their radical behaviour. The Liberals had not won many by-elections and Landsdown felt that the Liberal manifesto did not state to what extent the Liberal bills would push through radical changes and influences. When elected in 1906 they might have won a mandate to govern, but not a mandate for a radical measure such as the People's Budget. Landsdown wished the Liberals to hold an election to demonstrate whether they could gain such a mandate. This caused an uproar between the Liberals and the Lords and a constitutional crisis ensued. ...read more.

Conclusion

To do this they introduced the Parliament Bill which would reduce the power of the House of Lords. Obviously the Lords turned this bill down immediately and felt extremely aggressive towards the Liberals. The Parliament bill was typically partisan as it stated that the House of Lords would have no control over the country's finances and money bills. It was now the Speaker's responsibility to decide what was a financial bill or not. Asquith realised that the Lords would never pass such a bill without Liberal or middle class support within the Lords. He argued that the Lords were undemocratic because they were not an elected institution and when the Parliament Bill did get passed, it confirmed that you could not run parliament from the Lords. The Conservative leader Balfour had made many comments over the years about the Lords taking over the job of running the United Kingdom. Again this caused large scale conflict and arguments between the Liberals and the Lords. It would be undemocratic for an unelected House to be in control. * * * * * ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United Kingdom section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United Kingdom essays

  1. Electing MPs to the House of Commons.

    The ballot papers would be too complicated for the public too understand. Electors are perfectly able to cope with STV ballot papers. The first Northern Ireland Assembly election under STV in 1973, which produced a 70% turnout, is a good example.

  2. What is the main reason for the loss of faith and interest in our ...

    gender, and political view (if any, and if willing to share that information), in order to test whether there is any correlation between the answers. The information received will be quantitative and discrete and I will be able to show my results in the form of tables and charts.

  1. WHAT WAS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE LIBERAL ELECTION VICTORY OF 1906

    This pact helped gain seats for both parties. The LRC won Liverpool and south Lancashire from the Conservatives, among others. This arrangement is illegal today. Another significance of the election victory is that the LRC used this agreement to overturn the Taff Vale decision of 1901.

  2. Why did the Liberals win a landslide election in 1906?

    At the same time Asquith, a Liberal, argued against Tariff Reform and exploited Chamberlain's inability to communicated with the working class by speaking to people in a language which they could understand and by using slogans such as "Big loaf Vs Little Loaf."

  1. Why did the liberal government come into conflict with the house of lords in ...

    The Lords rejected the Education bill of 1906 for this reason, and because Balfour didn't want this bill to pass and he was certainly the person with the power for the Lords. From this it is clear that the liberals were going to be extremely frustrated by the veto of their bill causing conflict between them and the Lords.

  2. What Ways Did The Liberal Government Implement Social And Welfare Reforms 1906-1911 Bring About ...

    It appeared as if the Lords were putting their own interests first, ahead of the interests of the millions of people they were meant to be representing. They were supposed to be the Watchdog of the Constitution but in reality they were the watchdogs of their own self interests.

  1. Discuss the contention that the House of Lords is irrelevant.

    However there is defence for keeping an unelected second chamber as it is came when Labour was in power under the Blair government there were plans to change the House into a wholly elected House, Bob Marshall-Andrews importantly pointed out that ?replacing a second chamber that was rotten because of

  2. Critically evaluate the laws and conventions that regulate and control the relationship between the ...

    However this leapfrog procedure has been used rarely since the enactment of Parliament Act 1949 and was used in the enactment of the Hunting Act 2004. The Parliament Act 1911 and 1949 can be seen as reduced HOL?s powers so much so that HOL can be seen as irrelevant as

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work