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Why does Congress reject more legislation than it passes?

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´╗┐Why does Congress reject more legislation than it passes? One of Congress? primary functions is to act as the legislative office; passing bills and making laws however, due to the incredible difficulty of passing legislation in the US system only 3% of over 10,000 bills are passed a year. The process of passing bills in Congress is so difficult that it has been called a ?legislative labyrinth? by some political analysts. It must be remembered that the legislative process was made deliberately complicated in order to prevent poor legislation from being passed. First of all after bills must go through Committee stage, many bills ?die in committee?, committees are set up in order to scrutinise bills in details before they go through congress, committees generally make or suggest minor changes to the bill before passing it although most bills never make it through committee stage as such the Committee has become known as the burial ground. ...read more.


is essentially an action taken to outtalk a bill preventing it from being passed, in 1957 Strom Thurmond famously conducted a filibuster against the civil rights movement lasting for over a day and in more recent years in 2007 a group of Republican senators got together to filibuster the 2008 Defence Appropriations bill. The difficulty of passing a bill through both houses concurrently also means that less legislation is passed and reconciliation between the two houses is often required. In order to maintain the balance of powers the President can still veto a bill even after it has been through Congress making it even harder to pass legislation, during Clinton?s time in presidency 32 vetoes were used, this meant that a large proportion of bills which made it through Congress still failed to become legislation. ...read more.


In order for many bills to get passed there is often a need for compromise between members of Congress as such favours are often exchanged in order to gain crucial votes on legislation, this is known as log rolling, log rolling is commonly used in order to gain benefits for a constituency. Pork barrelling is similar to log rolling and is used in order to gain financial benefits for a constituency from the federal government, pork barrelling was crucial for the 2008 Economic Stabilization Bill. Despite the myriad of problems associated with passing legislation no change has ever been implemented this is because despite the difficulty of passing legislation the system enforces a separation of powers preventing an elected dictatorship and the requirement for bipartisanship and compromise means that all bills are fully debated and understood. ...read more.

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