• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why has it been so difficult to bring peace in the Middle East?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why has it been so difficult to bring peace in the Middle East? A major source of conflict in the Middle East during the last fifty years has been the dispute between Arabs and Jews over Palestine. For hundreds of years, the great majority of the people living in Palestine were Arabs. But at the end of the nineteenth century some Jews in Europe were becoming increasingly bitter about growing anti-Semitism. They started to talk about setting up a state of their own where they would be free from persecution. They chose Palestine because it was there birthplace of the Jews religion. Small numbers of these Jews, who were called Zionists, began to emigrate from Europe to Palestine. By 1914 about one tenth of the country's total population were Jews. Since the return of the Jews to their 'homeland' in 1948 the two races have fought over what they both claim to be their Holy land. The conflict between Arab and Jews still rages, with suicide bombings, kidnapping, tortures, murders, military invasion, terrorist high jacking, and also people fighting each other. Jews believe that god promised the land to them, and Jerusalem, the capital of Israel, is their holy city. ...read more.

Middle

They also speak the same language, Arabic. In 1917 the British were very keen to bring the United States into the First World War against Germany. The British believed that the Jews in America could influence third government's actions and so Britain declared its support and promised to protect the Jews for its homeland in Palestine. This declaration was made in the form of a letter to Lord Rothschild a leading British Jew. In November 1917 it became known as the Balfour Declaration because it was signed by the British foreign secretary, Arthur James. In May 14th 1948 the last British troops who had been protecting Palestine, even though there had been Jewish "terrorist" attacks against them they left. Straight after that the Arabs army attacked the new state of Israel. Then followed by the horrors of the Nazi holocaust in World War Two, when 6 million Jews were slaughtered. The Jews were now desperate to escape Nazi persecution and in huge numbers they immigrated to Eastern Europe, Russia and Palestine. During the Second World War the British did not allow newcomers and ships to enter because to keep the trouble down. ...read more.

Conclusion

On the Jewish day of Atonement an Israeli national holiday on October the 6th, Egyptian forces blasted their way through the sand defences, built around the Israeli lines at the Suez canal and succeeded in crossing the waterway. Many talks and negotiations had been led in order to bring the Jews and the Arabs to their agreements. For instance President Clinton of the USA had led a "road mp for peace" however it proved unsuccessful as both sides find it impossible to come to compromise, if one side says one thing and the other side says the opposite. As a historian it would give a critical to look at what a neutral outsider would think of to entire conflict, as it would give a better outlook to bring peace in the middle east, as it would present us a view that does not favour any side and would make the whole subject of the intractable Middle East conflict more easier to understand and judge for ourselves. Currently there seems to be no sight of peace in the Middle East as both sides are stubborn and opposing in whatever the other side says. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 BY HABIB AKKURT 11R ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. Why has it been so difficult to bring peace in the Middle East?

    Since the creation of the Jewish state of Israel, Arabs have waged many wars on the new territory. In every one of those wars, the Arabs lost or signed an armistice, sometimes even losing more of their territory to the Israeli.

  2. Assess the effectiveness of the Arab and Israeli peace initiatives from the 1970s to ...

    Arafat's disastrous decision to back Saddam Hussein's claims to Kuwait in 1990 alienated the PLO from nearly all members of the Arab anti-Iraqi coalition, especially Saudi Arabia which had bankrolled the PLO from the beginning. PLO coffers had all but dried up and Arafat had found himself increasingly unable to

  1. How far is religion the main cause of the conflict in the Middle East ...

    lasting alliance, the immediate result of which will be the expulsion of the Turks". Having made one promise to the Arabs Britain openly made a statement supporting the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine called the Balfour Declaration "Favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people".

  2. Arab and Israeli conflict - source related study.

    Palestinians are not terrorist we know this because he says things such as "we are not against the Jews. We want our land back." The reason for this is that he is trying to convey an idea that the Palestinian people are not anti Semitism.

  1. Assess the relationship between the US and Iraq from 1970 to the present day.

    Iraqi-backed Kurds secured most of Kurdistan, prompting the US to embark on a full-scale air offensive. In October 1997, Iraq refused to allow US citizens and aircraft to serve with Unscom, believing that their presence was an excuse to maintain sanctions.

  2. Middle east conflict - There have been several attempts to bring peace to this ...

    This is why most terrorism happens in these areas, in order to "scare" the Israelis into defeat. A Recent example of this was in October 2003 when the Israelis launched a tender for the construction of 550 new homes in the Jewish section of the West Bank- there was much

  1. Why is it difficult to keep peace talks going in the Middle East?

    However the Palestinians argue that this not only challenges a legitimate right for Palestinian self- rule but that Jordan does not offer a meaningful alternative statehood for the Palestinians of the West Bank and Gaza. Jerusalem remains one of the most problematic issues in the conflict.

  2. Why has it proved so difficult to find a solution to the Israeli-Palestine conflict?

    Two years later under Oslo 2 most of the remaining West Bank towns were added to self-governing Palestine. The outlines of a future Palestinian state were evident but the problem lay in how to achieve this objective. Sadly progress was halted in 1995 after an Israeli extremist who objected to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work