• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why has it been so difficult to make peace in the Middle East?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The problems in the Middle East! Why has it been so difficult to make peace in the Middle East? The land of Israel once belonged to the Jews in 1948, but Diaspora, the Arabs claimed the land. Since the return of the Jews to their 'homeland' the two races have fought over what they both claim to be their Holy Land. The conflict between Arab and Jew still rages, with suicide bombings and militia violence happening every day. Because of the nature and age of the conflict, perhaps a lasting peace between Arab and Jew is impossible. Jews believe that their God promised the land to them, and Jerusalem, the capital of Israel, is their Holy City. Apart from the holy shrines and places of worship, the Arabs and Israelis are fighting over living space. Since the creation of the Jewish state of Israel, Moslem Arabs have waged many wars on the new territory. In every one of those wars, the Arabs lost or signed an armistice, sometimes even losing more of their territory to the Jews. ...read more.

Middle

This declaration was made in the form of a letter to Lord Rothschild a leading British Jew, in November 1917. It became known as the 'bal four declaration' because I was signed by the British foreign secretary, Arthur James. For many centuries the Arabs have lived in the lands which we call the Middle East. They form the majority of the population and all speak the same language, Arabic. In the seventh century ad most of the Arabs were converted to the religion of Islam. They become the followers of Mohammed and now the known as the Muslims. From their homeland in Arabia, they swept across the Middle East and North Africa in the seventh and eighth centuries spreading their new religion by force. The fist world war was a turning point in the Arab struggle for independence as well as in the Jewish struggle for a homeland. The British high commissioner in Egypt, Sir Herbert Mc Mahon.If the Arabs fought against Turks, Britain would be prepared to recognise and support the independence of the Arabs. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1936, widespread fighting broke out as armed Arab bands attacked Jewish settlements. The British responded harshly. They hanged several Arab leaders and destroyed houses suspected of containing Arab terrorists of arms. They also helped to organize the Jewish defence force, the haganah. In 1937 the British government recommended the partition of Palestine into two separate states, one Jewish and a second Arab state. The Arabs rejected it and the fighting continued. With the help of more troops better weapons and transport, the British forces gradually regained control of Palestine. By 1939, when the rebellion ended, the British government had given up all further ideas of partition. It declared that Britain would continue to rule Palestine. It also said that it would restrict Jewish immigration. The British government adopted this policy because war was approaching and it feared the growth of friendship between Arab leaders and Germany. Britain needed to keep the friend ship of the Arab countries so that oil supplies from the Middle East would continue to reach Britain. The jews were furious. Thousands took the streets to demonstrate. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. Why has it been so difficult to bring peace in the Middle East?

    journey, while for many Jews and Christians it is likely site of Abraham sacrifice and of the holy of holies of the Jewish temple. In the time of Jesus first century AD the Romans ruled Palestine. In AD 70 and again in AD 135 the Jews rebelled against their Roman rulers.

  2. Explain why the UNO decided to partition Palestine in 1948?

    This he said is proved by looking at the Middle Eastern broadcast records (that can be seen at the British Museum) that were monitored by the BBC and by a US monitoring unit. This source seems more reliable, because the evidence can be seen for real, and therefore tells me

  1. Why is it difficult to keep peace talks going in the Middle East?

    Neither Israel nor Palestinians are willing to make Jerusalem an international city as per UN plans. Israel sees Jerusalem as the capital city of ancient Israel the eternal capital and therefore will not voluntarily give it up. Arabs regard East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state.

  2. Palestinian Middle East

    Palestinians formerly know this as Al-Naqba "the day of catastrophe". There were several wars each time Israel gained more land. The six-day war 1967, allowed Israel to capture lots of Palestinian land (Gaza, West Bank and Golan Heights). Egypt brought weapons from the Soviet Union and built troops but Israelis knew of the attacks and had a Pre-emptive strike.

  1. A line in the Sand

    We create a them-and-us mentality. We rejoice in how much better our side of the line is as compared to theirs. We create hatred between fellow human beings. We allow people to hunt and kill other men, women and children-because they are on the other side of the line in the sand.

  2. "The interrelated dynamics of conflict between the Israelis and the Palestinians make 'peace' between ...

    Whether it be former tribes like the Hebrews or the Israelites or historically the land of the Arabs it has been the borne of contention. The Palestinians in general have painfully accepted they will never gain all the land back, but Jewish Settlements on the West Bank, Gazer Strip and

  1. How far is religion the main cause of the conflict in the Middle East ...

    lasting alliance, the immediate result of which will be the expulsion of the Turks". Having made one promise to the Arabs Britain openly made a statement supporting the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine called the Balfour Declaration "Favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people".

  2. Why has it been so difficult to bring peace in the Middle East?

    The relentless Arab Israel conflict is not directly religious as it dates back many centuries before neither Islam, nor is this conflict racial as both Jews and Arabs have derives from the same original race to history well known Semites.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work