• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Has It proved So Difficult To Reform Campaign Finance

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why has it proved so difficult to reform campaign finance? As the old saying goes, 'Money like water, will always find an outlet', can be applied to the process of Presidential campaign financing. Many efforts have been made to reform the campaign financing system since 1860, and before the Federal Election Campaign Act was introduced, concerns for the system were increasing, over the amount of money being spent by candidates in the run up to an election, and in presidential elections themselves, whilst also concerns over how the money was being spent. However, because of loopholes found in the law, some of the efforts to reform the campaign financing system have been rendered useless, or have been chipped away, for example with the Buckley v. Valeo case. A real eye opener came for the need to reform the campaign financing system from the Watergate Scandal. It was through President Nixon's Committee for the Re-election of the President (CRP), that President Nixon was able to raise large amounts of money, far exceeding the amount of his competitor, George McGovern. ...read more.

Middle

Firstly, with the Buckley v. Valeo Supreme Court case, this case set out to prove that limiting what individuals or Political Action Committees could spend either supporting or opposing a Presidential candidate in a Presidential campaign, was in breach of their 1st amendment right of Freedom of Speech, and that the law, was therefore unconstitutional. The Supreme Court ruled that this was the case, and that the law was impinging a citizen's freedom of speech, and was therefore unconstitutional. We also saw in 1979, a larger chip taken off the law, which allowed parties to raise money for aspects such as voter registration and 'get-out-the-vote' drives, as well as 'party building' activities. However, as we said earlier, this was regarded as soft money, and people found it very hard to regulate, without infringing on 1st amendment rights, and gradually became out of control. In 2004, during the general election, came the imminence of '527' groups, who were named after the respective tax code. A 527 group is a nonprofit group who may lobby for specific laws or reforms. ...read more.

Conclusion

This may be why it has proved so difficult to reform, because many people do not want reform. However, this is the problem, as the amount of money which a Presidential candidate holds, can be their message, as opposed to their policy proposals etc. However, there have been some proposals for Campaign Finance Reform, for example, what people are calling 'clean money' or 'clean elections'. This is when each candidate who chooses to participate is given a certain, set amount of money. In order to qualify for this money, the candidate must collect a number of signatures, and small contributions - usually $5. The candidates are not allowed to accept external funding and donations, or their own personal funds. Another method called 'matching funds', allows a candidate to raise funds from private donors, but provides matching funds for the first chunk of these donations. A system like this is used in the Presidential Primaries, however, there are fears that this method can be used as a safety net for the losers in these races. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United States section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United States essays

  1. Describe the process of impeachment and explain why it is difficult to remove the ...

    Each of the three cases were for different crimes and different circumstances. Andrew Johnson was the first president to be impeached. Johnson was put up for impeachment with eleven Articles of Impeachment of which three passed through to the Senate for his trial.

  2. Free essay

    Why has reforming campaign finance been difficult?

    This amount of funding also demonstrates the occurrences of candidates exploiting loopholes in the Bi-partisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA) and FECA. I think that campaign finance reform in the US has been difficult because the 1971 FECA has been less useful than expected in achieving its purpose of limiting the

  1. Consider whether the growth of primary elections in the Presidential nomination process has reduced ...

    This can be somewhat of a task given the conflicting nature of primaries. This symbolism also encourages more voters to "sit up and take notice" of the Presidential election: turnout if very low during the primaries (with most states only getting a turnout of around 30%), but now the two

  2. Invisible Primaries, USA.

    consisting of a wide scale income generating campaign (invisible primaries, or money primaries). This is two years before the general presidential election. The current president would usually seek to serve another term (assuming he can do so), and indeed, Obama has given speeches before the Democrats already regarding the economic mismanagement of the Republican Party, under Bush.

  1. Analyse the claim that 'the process for electing the president is flawed and in ...

    such as in the 2000 general elections. Due to the constitution, the formal election must take place through the Electoral College. Every state is allocated a certain number of Electoral College Votes (ECV), this is drawn upon from its stature in congress.

  2. Year 2000, Why An Electoral College?

    it would, to refer a trial of colors to a blind man" (Glennon 7). This bold statement is a clear indicator that the Framers tended to the electoral process because the general populace as whole was generally uneducated in political matters and issues concerning the candidates for the highest office in the land.

  1. Electoral Reform Analysis.

    Their main focus was to take stock of progress that was already made and to look ahead to the implementation of reforms both at the federal and state level. This conference sponsored by a grant given by the Carnegie Corporation, which was called, "Federal Election Reform: Action and Reaction."

  2. "Despite several attempts to regulate campaign finance, money increasingly domninates the US electoral process ...

    The increasing importance of finance has been shown by Obama?s actions in 2008, when he rejected federal funding in order to avoid restrictions on his spending, aware of the advantage of large fundraising support. Indeed in 2012, neither Romney nor Obama took matching funds and neither did any of Romney?s

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work