• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was the Labour Representation Committee formed in 1900?

Extracts from this document...


James McCance Why was the Labour Representation Committee formed in 1900? The Labour Representation Committee was formed in February 1900 in Memorial Hall, London when a TUC (Trade Unions Congress) meeting was arranged to address united political representation for the working class. Before this meeting and time period a Labour Party was not able to be formed due to many things. The reasons that the labour party was formed in 1900 are: changes in the franchise, new trade union opinion, individuals and their efforts for labour, discontent at the current economic situation in Britain and partly due to the growth of socialist groups. One of the main reasons that a labour orientated political party was never formed before the 1880s is that there was no call for one; before 1867 the majority of voters were not of the working class therefore there was no audience that would elect a Labour party and thus no reason to create one. In 1867, the Reform Act extended the franchise but not by enough, it wasnt until the 1884 Reform Act that there was really a working class franchise with around half of the male working class given the vote. After the 1880s there was a large enough working class franchise that could be catered for, and also a large population that desired the government to take much more notice of this large percentage of the vote. ...read more.


Some members of the working class began to rebel against the Liberals and Tories and look for alternatives; those were Socialist groups and the ILP. Alone these groups did not get enough support or have enough power to take any action and thus it was within their interests to unite on common grounds in order to have power enough to make action, and thus at the meeting in February 1900 this principle was agreed upon and the socialist groups and the trade unions aswell united to form the LRC. Trade Unions were the only bodies that could gain the Working Class better working conditions and thus they had massive support from the workers. The Trade Unions were mostly operated by Liberal leaders and thus support was thrown from Trade Unions towards the Liberal Party at election time. The TUC was mostly governed by Liberals and thus it is surprising to find that the TUC brought about the creation of the LRC (the party that would later take the dominant position of the Liberal Party). Trade Union support was something the LRC would need to gain a majority in the House of Commons and thus it was a favourable turn of fate that some New Unionists emerged as Unions opposed to the Liberal Party as it was not doing enough to improve the conditions of the working class. ...read more.


and William Morris (founder of the Socialist League). William Morris left the SDF because of personal differenced with Henry Hyndman and formed the less eccentric Socialist League; the Socialist League wanted to promote government reform towards a socialist Britain as opposed to a full blown Marxist revolution. The Fabian Society were and anti-capitalist anti-marxist socialist movement which believed that they could slowly reform British government to their own version of toned down socialism. All three groups contributed individually to the battle against Liberalism and Conservativism and united opinion against the governments in small groups. It wasn't until the groups had joined in the LRC that they had real power but they were still a monument to the mounted political opposition to the present system and also a catalyst in the formation of a Labour/Socialist/Trade Unionist political party. Through discussion the various focal points that have been documented by historians, the general concensus seems to be that the most important reason that why the Labour Party was not formed before, and was formed in 1900 was that there was mounting discontent with present governments and that the opportunity (the franchise increased to the working class) was now there for a Labour Party to be successful. The LRC might not have been formed without all the other reasons discussed but, for sure, the franchise that was previously limited, being opened, made the biggest change in British politics and British society in the past 200 years. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. The rise of the Labour Party had more to do with class consciousness than ...

    There was also a prevalent view that social ills could not be cured by collective remedies without a change in individual responsibility. Many Labour activists and politicians preached teetotalism and abstinence, blaming the individual for many social ills rather than pointing the finger at the negligent capitalist state.

  2. Socialist uses of workers' inquiry

    or groups such as Socialisme ou Barbarie (France). However on many occasions, these techniques were driven by workers' spaces themselves, in a more or less flexible way, without the intervention from theoreticians or "experts? external to the processes of self-organisation.

  1. Russia's Political Party System as an Obstacle to Democratization

    outcome of these elections than they had in previous election years (McFaul 2000b, 14-15).3 Although space constraints preclude an extended discussion of the development of local and regional political structures, suffice it to note that politics at this level is organized around informal "parties of power"-networks of local elites, such

  2. The Parliamentary Reform and Redistribution Act of 1884 - 1885.

    Thus producing a larger and more powerful Working Class. Thanks to what was dubbed, The Late Victorian Crisis. The Failure of the Liberal Party As the Parliament Act and the Redistribution Act allowed the freedom to vote to all of the Working Class males, the Parliamentary Parties needed to obtain

  1. Is the labour party a socialist party.

    The gradual shift away from socialist principles continued with the introduction of 'New Labour', under Tony Blair (sometimes referred to as 'Blairism'), where the need for redistribution is not accepted and not so necessary. For example, Clause IV was abolished and then changed to suit 'new' Labour's policies in 1995.

  2. Wilted Socialist Rose?: Changing fortunes of the French Socialist Party

    in six National Assembly elections in a row it participated in since the creation of the Fifth Republic (1958, 1962, 1967, 1973, 1978), as well as three presidential elections (1965, 1969, 1974). However, the number of votes gained had been increasing in general.

  1. Great Depression

    The two programs had also showed an initial support for big business, associating corporations with stability and order. With Germany, relationships with big business were accomplished mainly through cartels. Hitler proceeded to bring industry under the control of the Nazi party; forcing corporations to become the instrument of state control, but stopping short of nationalizing industry.

  2. Explain why the Liberals were electorally so successful so often, 1868-85?

    Broad party appeals such as these have been disputed by historians who suggest that the Liberal Party was nothing more than an automatic reaction to the Conservative Party. It is suggested that the humble beginnings of liberalism were laid in 1859 when Whig, Peelite and Radical leaders met over common

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work