• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Women in World War One - Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britainat the outbreak of the war?

Extracts from this document...


Women in World War One 1) Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain at the outbreak of the war? At the outbreak of the war in 1914 women were involved a great deal in several areas of production and services. Women stayed enthusiastic to support most war efforts and nearly 5,900,000 women were employed in Britain, some for the very first time. As job opportunities for women did seem to open up in Britain it was all limited as they had to work in bad conditions, low pay and having to accept the fact that the men were being paid mare. Employment opportunities opened up in the fields of Domestic Services, Textiles and Sweated trades. ...read more.


Domestic services attracted young girls because the school leaving age was 12 and no formal education was required for the jobs as most of the work was manual. It employed one person in every eight which was a significant ratio at the time it was one of the few jobs that employed large numbers of women. The conditions were harsh and the hours were long, there were no trade unions for women at the time so nothing could be done about the hours, conditions or the low pay. In the field of domestic services opportunities did seem to largely exist but there were still limitations such as the bad conditions and the low pay with no trade unions for support against possible exploitations from employers. ...read more.


The system of piece rate is when a higher wage is awarded according to the quantity of production, a women could not work as many hours as a man to be able to produce more because she had other responsibilities at home such as cooking the food and taking care of the children. Opportunities in this field is similar to domestic trade as they did employ in large numbers but there were no trade unions to help protect employers from exploiting female labour. As massive losses on the fronts grew they required more doctors which allowed women into medical fields. There was a lot of criticism towards this as things were changing and the traditional "women's place in society" had been altered. Women began to be accepted into legal professions, banking and journalism. In 1917 the first women diplomat was appointed. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Trade Unions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Trade Unions essays

  1. Why some men opposed the employment of women in industry during the First World ...

    However, not all men were opposed to women working in industry as long as they were paid the same as men. This is because people such as David Lloyd George, the Ministry of Munitions at the time, wanted the munitions crisis to be over as soon as possible, therefore he encourage women to work in industry.

  2. This paper explores the history of government, employee and employer associations and their effects ...

    The early forms of union control over the employment relationship can be seen through the development of craft unions. The distinguishing feature of such unions were that they sought to control wage-prices by restricting the supply of qualified labour available to the employer (Keenoy and Kelly, 1998).

  1. What is the influence of women social workers in the United States labor movement?

    This has been attributed to a number of factors: looser female attachment to the labor market, greater concern with domestic responsibilities than with jobs, less time for participation in union activities, and fear of strikes and picket line violence, among other things. Recent studies and experience have altered this view.

  2. Explain fully and clearly the importance of negotiation within industrial relations to resolve disputes

    The teachers want to increase the amount of London Allowance, as teachers in London cannot afford to live due to the high costs of living. Renting and owning property is very expensive and many teachers find it possible to pay their rent or mortgage due to the London Allowance.

  1. Impact of Industrialisation - The purpose of this essay is to describe and discuss ...

    The growth of trade union however helped to change this. Workers were now able to join a trade union and to negotiate with the employer through collective bargaining. This meant union official could negotiate improvements in members' pay and working conditions.

  2. What were the main effects of the 1979-1997 Conservative governments’ reforms to collective ...

    Act of 1978 encouraged trade union membership and activities as well as legislated so that statutory time off had to be given in order to enable union officials to complete their union duties. The act also facilitated trade union recognition by employers (under section 11 of the EPA 1975)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work