• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

“Families need fathers.” Discuss.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

28.02.02 "Families need fathers." Discuss. The debate, "Families need fathers" is one in which there are many issues that need to be considered when looking at the question. Family poverty, domestic violence, the effect on children and family stereotypes by society all need to be considered in the debate. Recent surveys have shown that fathers also need families and therefore making the matter more complicated. Fathers still remain important in our society because family poverty is still largely prevented by the existence of a male, full time worker's wage in a household. Due to the patriarchal nature of our society, women find it difficult to obtain appropriate work to fit in with custody of children. In a Social Trends survey the rise in mothers working part time form 49 percent in 1973 to 64 percent in 1994. This often means working in low paid, part time jobs with little chance that mothers' earnings alone will be able to cover the cost of subsistence for themselves, never mind there children. Those who do work full time do not necessarily escape from economic dependence, choosing to work and pay for childcare may well prove uneconomic for large numbers of the working class. There is very little publicly provided care which fits the needs of working mothers: most pre school care is part time and infused with the ideology of education, rather then care and education. ...read more.

Middle

Rowthorn and Ormerod state that "on every measure of achievement and emotional condition, children living with their married parents usually do better then other children" although it is often hard to distinguish between the effects of marriage and divorce and other factors such as poverty and racism. Nevertheless, divorce often means poor exam results, damaged health and stress and four times the risk of needing psychiatric help as a child. Dr Richards took 17,000 children from the National Child Development Survey and monitored their lives at intervals until they were 35. He discovered that children, whose parents had divorced before they were 16, were on average less emotionally stable, left home earlier, and divorced or separated more frequently. However, this study was concerned with children of the middle class in 1958, and from then till now, social attitudes have changed as divorce is much more acceptable then it was in the fifties and therefore children are less affected by it, but most studies show the more involved the father; the better developed the child intellectually and socially. This view that children are affected by the absence of a father in the family is one to be contested. The latest research for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation shows that the absence of one or other parent figure from a household is not the aspect of separation which most effects the child's development. ...read more.

Conclusion

Perhaps more worryingly 83 percent of violent men were fathers to one or more children in the study, and it was found that girls above all were more vulnerable to sexual abuse from step fathers then any other family member. However, rates of domestic violence and conflict are much higher for cohabitees and lone parents and it is argued that lack of male role models weakens family discipline but perhaps if a father is going to abuse the mother and child then they are better off without fathers. Although all research is concentrated on the fact that families need fathers it is often overlooked that fathers need families too. Of the number of lone parents in Britain 90 percent are women and this has doubled in the last twenty years leaving men without families and commitment, in fact the most common way for young men aged 24-36 to live is on their own. Marriage and children provide men a focus for work effort and commitment and without it they feel isolated, which some sociologists believe that this leads to an increase in crime, suicide mentality and other social problems. The statement, "fathers need families" is neither true nor false, and it does not apply to everyone and every situation. However, generally families do need fathers, if not forever then for the moment as family poverty, concern for child welfare and the values and norms attached in this society do not really allow otherwise for children and loan mothers to function on their own. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. In Britain today, most people live in nuclear families - The aim of this ...

    Even though the idea of these toys are to promote the family I don't think that they should by so typical in their marketing and should aim at an ever changing world and society where families come in all shapes, sizes and numbers.

  2. What causes crime?

    Adoption studies are not very reliable though, because the adopted child may be placed into a similar environment to which they were adopted from. Also some children are adopted years after their birth so their early experiences may contribute to criminality.

  1. The idea for my coursework is the potential changing aspirations of teenage girls in ...

    I also noticed that it was very similar to Sue Sharpes research carried out nearly 30 years ago where she found that the girls in her study wanted to get married by the time they were 20 and three-quarters by the age of 25 which is common to the girls in the 2003 study.

  2. Do Fathers Bond Better With Sons, RatherThan Daughters

    tell them after the study was finished, and if they objected then I would not use their study and do it again with another family. (There were no objections at the end of this study,) Before collecting any information from my sources, I informed them that I would not be

  1. Same-Sex Marriages

    The real thing that most people are scared of, is just the idea of marriage becoming any less valuable of sacred and something else taking itself place or rather something else rising to its value and sacredness. This is why many people, including President Bush are backing a federal marriage amendment (Reichmann)."

  2. Hertfordshire Leisure market for under 15's.

    under 16 across the UK, there were over 3.8 million children between the ages of 0 and 4, around 3.9 million consumers between the ages of 5 and 9 and 3.7 million between 10 and 14. Meanwhile, swimming is one of the major sport and recreation activities in the United Kingdom.

  1. Relationships between men and women.

    and takes on the traditional role of a house wife and stays at home full time. We cannot generalise about role relationships across society because changes in role relationships have not occurred at the same pace or to the same extent through all sectors of society.

  2. Attachment and Separation.

    stealing, depression, or schizophrenia - and makes hypotheses about events and processes which are thought to have contributed to its development, the perspective adopted here starts with a class of event -loss of mother-figure in infancy or early childhood- and attempts thence to trace the psychological and psychopathological processes that commonly result.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work