• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

A Personal Evaluation of the Psychoanalytic Approach to Psychology

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

A Personal Evaluation of the Psychoanalytic Approach to Psychology Origins and History For many centuries, the treatment applied to those suffering mental disorders was extremely barbaric. It was thought that mental diseases were caused by demons or other supernatural forces. However, real progress in solving the origins of mental illness was achieved by the Austrian mystic and physician, Franz Mesmer. He managed to show that using the power of suggestion when in a trance-like state could cure some mental disorders. Members of the Nancy School argued that suggestion could not only cure mental illness but could also cause it in the first place. The most influential psychoanalyst of recent times is Sigmund Freud. His name is referred to more than any other psychologists in psychology literature. He is well known for his theory on personality development. His fame rests largely on his position as the originator of psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis refers to a complex set of theories about human emotional development. His fame rests largely on his position as the originator of psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis refers to a complex set of theories about human emotional development and to a form of treatment based on theoretical ideas. ...read more.

Middle

A child who has too little stimulation may become pessimistic aggressive, often depressed, talk, drink and smoke and will see other people as objects to satisfy themselves. On the other hand, children who have too much stimulation will create a child who is easily fooled and have a high opinion of him/herself and will be unable to make decisions. * The second stage, between the ages of 6 months and 3 years, is the anal stage. This stage is dominated by bowel control. The id demands immediate satisfaction (the child wants to relieve itself), however, the ego knows that the parent doesn't want this during potty training and so conflict may arise. As a result, fixation may also occur. Those who become fixated at the anal stage can become one of two types of personality. The anal expulsive personality (children who enjoy getting rid of faeces) will be overgenerous and untidy. The anal retentive personality (children who are forced to get rid of faeces) become obsessive about punctuality and tidiness and become generally miserable. * Next comes the phallic stage between the ages of 3 and 5/6 years. ...read more.

Conclusion

* Projection - assigning your own unacceptable feelings or characteristics towards someone else, for example saying "She hates me" when your true feeling is "I hate her". Personal Evaluation It is thought that psychoanalysis has many successes to its credit. Although others had suggested that mental illness could be treated by psychological means, it was Freud who was the first to develop a systematic form of treatment for neuroses. From this a number of other psychotherapies have been devised. Psychoanalytic theory also has had some successes. For example, the idea that childhood experiences play a part in determining adult behaviour is now commonplace but was revolutionary when Freud first suggested it, and the suggestion that much important activity occurs below the conscious level now has plenty of strong evidence to back it up. The major problem, however, is that we do not know yet exactly why psychoanalytic therapy is effective. It is thought that what a patient says may have more to do with what the therapist says than what the unconscious mind of the client is thinking. Another problem is that Freud's theories were presented in such unscientific ways that it is always impossible to prove or disprove his theories. Numerous studies have shown psychoanalytic theory to be true but just as many have shown inconclusive evident to support such a theory. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. PERSONALITY DISORDERS

    SOCIAL RISK FACTORS Borderline personality disorder seems to be increasing because our society makes it difficult for people to maintain stable relationships and a sense of identity (Sue, Sue & Sue, 2000). Social disintegration (Leighton, Harding & Macklin, 1963, cited in Paris, 1993), which includes family disruption, weak community links,

  2. Free essay

    Unmasking Anxiety with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

    In fact, much new research proposes that genetics play a considerable role in depression and anxiety, not chemical imbalance. The chemical imbalance theory stems back to Hippocrates, the father of modern medicine, who called depression "melancholia" which referred to the condition that had been the product of an unknown black poison created by the gallbladder (48).

  1. Children's personal hygiene

    The minimum appropriate adult/child ratios in sessional care, full day care and out of school care is:- :) 1:3 children aged 0-2 years :) 1:4 children aged 2 years :) 1:8 children aged 3-7 years. Where a childminder works alone in their own home the ratios is as follows:- :)

  2. Freud's theory - Psychoanalytic Approach.

    This can lead to the individual unconsciously seeking punishment and therefore committing a crime. * Weak superego. An individual with this form of superego is selfish and uncaring, full of uncontrolled aggression. They are likely to commit crimes due to no guilt or fear of punishment.

  1. Description and Evaluation of the St. Andrew Parish Church Care Centre.

    Davis also puts forward suggestions for addressing four basic problems of the manifestations of bondage and oppression (poverty, dependence, alienation and imitation): they must empower Caribbean people to put their faith to work in solidarity with one another and in strategic connections with other oppressed peoples.

  2. c hallenging a client to change

    Clients are encouraged to act out various roles in life that they, and others, have played or are currently playing and to take responsibility for their own conflicts. Counselling goals - To re-establish contact and normal interaction; restore ego function and restore the whole - To foster maturation and growth, independence, self-support and awareness.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work