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Abraham Maslow

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Introduction

Abraham Maslow Abraham Maslow was born April 1, 1908 in Brooklyn, New York. As the son of uneducated Jewish Russian immigrants, Abraham was pushed towards academic success. In order to please his parents, Maslow first started off studying law at the City College of New York. After three semesters, however, Maslow decided that law was not for him. After marrying his first cousin, Bertha, they moved to Wisconsin where he decided to study psychology. By 1934 Maslow had received a PhD in psychology and from then on he was a professor at various universities. In 1951he began his crusade for a humanistic psychology. ...read more.

Middle

The needs include the need to have friends, a partner, children, and a sense of community. With this need, can also come loneliness and other anxieties, though. The fourth level is known as the esteem needs. After all the preceding needs have been met, Maslow says that we begin to look for a sense of self-esteem. According to Maslow, there are two versions of esteem, a low and a high. The lower is the need for the respect of others, status, recognition and attention. The higher involves self-respect, such as confidence, competence and independence. Without these needs, is to have a low self-esteem and inferiority complexes. ...read more.

Conclusion

While teaching at Brooklyn College, he came into contact with many European intellectuals, like Adler, Fromm, Horney, along with Gestalt and Freudian psychologists. At Brandeis, he met Kurt Goldstein, the person who introduced him to the idea of self-actualization, and he thus began his own theoretical work, on the crusade for humanistic psychology. Maslow ultimately was an inspirational figure in personality theories. Particularly in the 1960s, people who were sick of physiological and behaviorist psychologists, and sought for meaning and purpose through Maslow's ideas. Maslow became known as a pioneer in bringing the human being back into psychology, and the person back into personality. Maslow also wrote several books, some are Toward a Psychology of Being (1968), Motivation and Personality (1970), and The Further Reaches of Human Nature (1971). ...read more.

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