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Age is a factor that can affect eyewitness testimony.

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Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked v Eyewitness testimony Age is a factor that can affect eyewitness testimony. Poole and Lindsay concluded a study on how age can effect eyewitness testimony. They used children aged 4 to 8 years old who watched a science demonstration, their parents then read them a story. The story contained new elements that were not in the science demonstration. They then asked questions about the demonstration and found that the children had absorbed the information in the story into their memory. They were they asked where this information came from and the older children could say that it was from the story whereas the younger could not. ...read more.

Middle

80% of the elderly adults forgot to mention key features whereas only 20% of the young adults made this mistake. This proves that age is a factor effecting eyewitness testimony. However, the study was artificial. The research was done in a lab, and although it?s highly controlled it means the study lacks ecological validity and therefore cannot generalise the findings as others may react differently in other situations. Furthermore, the study lacks informed consent, this is because the young age of the participants means they do not fully understand what they are participating in and therefore cannot give complete informed consent. ...read more.

Conclusion

They then concluded that high levels of anxiety effect EWT. The study is artificial which means it may be hard to generalise the findings due to ecological validity and may react differently. Christison and Hubinette also concluded research into anxiety and they used a real life bank robbery. They found that people who were subjected to the most anxiety were more detailed in the recall. Concluding that high anxiety levels can improve EWT. Furthermore as the study was done in a lab there is high control. This means the researcher can manipulate the variables and see the cause and effect of the results which makes the study more reliable. ...read more.

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