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An investigation into Content Analysis and aggressive acts in popular TV programmes.

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Introduction

An investigation into Content Analysis and aggressive acts in popular TV programmes. In this piece of coursework I am trying to find out whether aggressive acts in popular TV programmes cause children to act more violently. The participants used in this experiment will be children aged between 5 and 10. I think that the more aggressive acts there are in the popular TV programmes the more aggressive the child will act after watching the programme. Most of us recognise aggression when we see it but the reason the person is being aggressive we find hard to determine. One common way to determine aggression is by saying there are 2 types instrumental and hostile aggression. Instrumental aggression is used to achieve a specific goal, perhaps to protect yourself or to try and get your own way. This form of aggression is not always accompanied by anger. Hostile aggression is aimed at damaging someone or something, and is often done in anger. The social learning theory says that we learn not only through reinforcement but also by observing other people and imitating their behaviour, which is called observational learning. A psychologist named Albert Bandura studies of aggression are based on the teachings of the social learning theory. ...read more.

Middle

In addition Williams found a positive correlation between the amount of time a child watched TV and the amount of aggression he or she showed. There are 2 points to me made about these results: * A correlation does not mean that time watching TV causes aggression, or that aggression makes children watch TV more, only that these variables are related, they occur together. * The children in all three towns showed similar levels of aggression when the study started, even though there were different experiences on TV. It could be that the Notel children's aggression level began to fall after the researcher's left, bringing them closer to their original level. An Evaluation of Social Learning Theory Social learning theory clearly states, learning occurs spontaneously, it does not have to be reinforced. Social factors are also crucial, as are cognitive factors. Whereas behaviourists claimed that learning could be explained without taking in account of mental activities, social learning theorists argue that the mind mediates, in the same sense that for example we imitate a behaviour when we have seen it bring pleasant consequences for others, or we learn a behaviour but may not perform it if we feel it is inappropriate. ...read more.

Conclusion

|||| |||| |||| |||| |||| Discussion These results mean that the more a child watches a TV programme the more he is likely to perform an aggressive act. These results back up my prediction and I feel that I have achieved what I have aimed to do. These results relate to the theory in my introduction because Bandura felt the more TV was being viewed the more aggressive children were getting. I feel my results support his research. My results totally agree with Bandura's study. I don't feel any modifications can be done to the theory. Criticisms of the method used maybe: * Maybe older participants should be used to show a more in-depth study on aggression. * Maybe instead of watching a TV programme a child could observe adults fighting and see if they would imitate that behaviour. * Procedure could have been written more clearly and written so a person can just go ahead and do the experiment. By improving the method the results may have shown even more acts of aggression in children. I didn't find any confounding variables in my experiment. No ethical issues were raised during the study. I think further work should be done to prove whether parents influence the amount of aggression in children. Ravi Chudasama 2nd January 2003 ...read more.

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