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"Anti-Social Behaviour is caused by a person's family background"

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Introduction

"Anti-Social Behaviour is caused by a person's family background" Rationale Anti social behaviour has become increasingly common amongst youths in Britain, the Anti-Social Behaviour Order was introduced in April 1999 to reduce this problem. This stops the young person from going to particular places or doing particular things and can be applied for by the police or a local authority. The order can be used with anyone who is over 10 years of age who is behaving in a manner that causes distress or harassment to someone or some people who do not live in their own household. Juvenile delinquency has been researched and studied by many sociologists, however I wanted to look at a specific area of anti social behaviour which has, and is becoming a growing problem, this is something I personally have noticed in the area around me. My aim for this investigation is to find out whether the family in which a child grows up in is a major factor in someone engaging in anti social behaviour. In researching this I will be referring back to work studied in sociology, both Family and Crime and Deviance. This will include handing out questionnaires to assess whether somebody from a low social class, this may include a broken family, are more likely to commit anti social behaviour than someone from a higher economic background. My research is based on a study by Farrington and West (1990) where 411 'working class' males born in 1953 were studied until their late 30's. The research demonstrated that there were consistent correlations between family traits and offending. In particular, offenders were more likely to come from homes with poor parenting, especially where fathers had criminal convictions. Furthermore, offenders were also more likely to come from poorer and single parent families. 288 words Context Most criminologists suggest that petty crime is mainly committed by people from low-income families. ...read more.

Middle

724 words Evidence I stated in my rationale that I wanted to find out if there was any correlation between anti social behaviour amongst youths from low economic backgrounds and single parent families. I have collected a range of data through my research with questionnaires. When analysing my data I noticed some trends in the people committing crimes and engaging in anti social behaviour. Part of my aim was to look at people from working class backgrounds to see if class is a factor in a person engaging In anti social behaviour. When looking at the types of people committing anti social behaviour, I categorised them into working class, single parent families and professional background. I defined working class as people who's parent were unemployed or with non professional background and receiving free school meals. This allowed me to understand whether the theory of anomie by Merton and Durkheim was related to my participants. My aim also included looking at people from single parent families to see if this is a factor in a child engaging in anti social behaviour, relating to Millers theory. To ensure my research explored this area, my questionnaire asked whether participants were part of a nuclear family or single parent family and if so which parent they lived with. Participants are also asked to state their sex, as millers theory stated that 'males' from single parent families engage in anti social behaviour because of the lack of a male role model. In order to asses how much anti social behaviour each person did as part of the questionnaire there was a varied list of several anti social behavioural crimes for which participants had to tick if they had engaged in any. This enabled me to see which of the participants would be classed as anti social. The results from the questionnaire are displayed in the graphs below, which shows the amount of anti social behaviour committed by youths from single parent families compared to that of those from nuclear ...read more.

Conclusion

My research followed my rationale well in proving that working class and single parent families engaged in more anti social behaviour. However due to my chosen method of research it did not provide reasons as to why they engaged in anti social behaviour. Instead I was only able to assume that the theories I had researched applied to my participants however my research did not prove these theories. With regard to my findings, I think it would be possible to improve this research by selecting a wider sample of people from different areas so it produced a more representative group. Also to produce more qualitative research I would further select a proportion of the questionnaire participants who engaged in snit social behaviour, with some being from working class background and others from single parent families. Then conduct an in depth structured interview aiming to find out why the participants engaged in anti social behaviour to see if they related to the theories discussed in my context. 496 words Bibliography Kruttschitt, C & McLeod, J. (1994) 'Does Parenting Explain the Effects of Conditions on Children's Antisocial Behaviour? A Comparison of Blacks and Whites.' www.youth-justice-board.gov.uk- Anti Social Behaviour Order http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/antisocial1.html Werner, N & Silbereisen, R. (2003) 'Journal of Adolescent Research' Waiton, S 'The Creation of Antisocial Behaviour: A Critical Analysis of the term and its growing use in the research of deviant behaviour of adolescents.' Sampson RJ in Social Development 10, 1, 2001, Review of 'Antisocial Behaviour by Young People'. Research Diary Looked at possible topics for sociology coursework- narrowed down to crime amongst ethnic groups and anti social behaviour caused by family background, as I had a strong interest in both areas. After researching both areas I found that anti social behaviour caused by family background would be a more appropriate topic to explore, as it hadn't been covered that much by sociologists. Rationale drawn up, but is too broad covering single parent families and low income, needs to be narrowed to specific area. ...read more.

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