• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Antisocial Behaviour & The Mass Media: Is there a link?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Antisocial Behaviour & The Mass Media: Is there a link? In recent years antisocial behaviour has increased ,with the average American child seeing 32,000 murders,400,000 attempted murders and 250,000 acts of violence on television before the age of eighteen (Ahmed 1998) it's perhaps not unreasonable for one to question if there is a link. Virtually since the dawn of television parents, teachers and mental health professionals have been concerned about the content of television programmes and it's impact on the viewer, particularly children. Of particular concern has been the portrayal of violence and antisocial behaviour especially given psychologist Albert Bandura's work on social learning and the tendency for children to imitate what they see. It is not just television that has given cause for concern but all forms of the media such as computer/video games ,music and magazines/comics. It is almost impossible to prove that there is a definite link between the media and antisocial behaviour but some psychologists would argue that from years of studies and research, the evidence of a relationship between the two is overwhelming. Research into the time that an average household spends watching television has been steadily increasing since1965 (Burger 1982;Liebert & Sprafkin 1988) though this is thought not an entirely reliable source of information since it was determined from pen and paper surveys concerning viewing habits. A study by Anderson et al which involved monitoring households with camera recording equipment determined that children spend an average of 9.14 hours per week watching television and adults an average of 7.56 hours per week. ...read more.

Middle

The results found that both men and women who were high TV violence viewers as children were more likely to have engaged in anti-social behaviour and/or aggressive or violent acts some had been convicted of crimes at over three times the rate of other people. It has been suggested that these results could be an indication that children with a tendency to behave aggressively may like to watch violent TV shows more than non-aggressive children. Friedrich and Stein (1973) found that viewing pro social programmes increased pro social behaviour. By allowing a toddler to watch tweenies for example in the belief it will exert a good influence over the child due to the nature of it eg.loving,caring and sharing behaviour between the characters, its natural to assume that it would work the other way around eg.power rangers exerting a bad influence over a child due to the frequent fighting scenes. Such programmes have the fighting characters depicted as heroes or 'goodies' which could suggest to a child that in some situations violence is an acceptable way of solving problems. It has also been suggested that on viewing violent TV programmes, children may become less sensitive to the pain and suffering of others or more fearful of the world around them. Some would argue that if someone were to copy violent acts from TV that there must be 'something wrong' or that they must have had the tendency to be violent in the first place and it cannot be blamed ...read more.

Conclusion

This study investigated precursors to aggression rather than aggressive behaviour itself. More research is needed to determine whether there are short or long term affects as a result of listening to violent song lyrics. It would certainly appear that there is a relationship between aggressive or violent content in the media and antisocial behaviour particularly in young children though there are steps that parents and society can take to prevent or reduce the risk of this effect. Research has shown that adult and parental supervision and commenting on programmes seems to reduce the affects of TV violence on children. This may be because it reduces the child's identification with the person committing the violent act, reduces the child's perception that the violence is real and reduces the likelihood that the child will act out the violent act in play immediately after seeing it on the television. Children can be prevented from deliberately viewing violence on the TV but what if it's depicted in cartoons and although rare, sometimes in children's programmes? In this case an adult is likely to be unaware that such acts are contained in them. The issue of video games and music which contains aggressive lyrics having a negative effect on a person remains debateable though some will continue to argue that both can be directly responsibly for a person committing acts of agression,others will argue that they can also have positive effects and that films,tv,music etc nor anything else can be responsible for a persons actions other than the individual themselves. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. How does watching television influence the behaviours and cognitions of young children?

    Another factor that may have affected this study, and studies like this, is the amount of time the child has previously spent reading and the amount of time they spent reading compared to the amount of time they spend watching television.

  2. The link between the media and aggression

    The dictionary definition of media is: mass communication, the word derived form medium. Media affects every one and every one is affected by the media. It's a huge way of communicating. You can use it as a source of information e.g.

  1. Foundations to Caring

    Giving praise urges them to achieve more by doing good work and making a child feel appreciated. Listening to what a child has to say is an important factor as well as respecting and supporting the different types of one-to-one basis a child needs.

  2. Television Violence and Children's Behaviour

    the evidence suggests a causal link between violence viewing and aggression is correct'. Bandura did in fact do Bobo doll studies replacing the direct observation of an adult in the playroom with a filmed version. However, later studies have used video material which is more typical of interpersonal aggression in broadcast television programmes.

  1. Samuel and Bryant (conservation)Bandura, Ross and Ross (aggression)Hraba and Grant (doll choice) a. What ...

    Social learning theorists pay particular attention to the roles of observation and imitation of role models. Generally, social development is viewed as a continuous learning process, rather than as occurring in stages. The aim of Bandura's study was to illustrate that if children were passive witnesses to an aggressive display

  2. Discuss Research Into Media Effects of Anti-Social Behaviour

    Australian research has shown that there is no significant correlation between early TV violence viewing and later aggression. In Poland, the researchers agreed that a greater preference for violence at an early age was related to later aggression but the effects were not large and the results should be treated cautiously.

  1. Effects of violence on Childrens mental health.

    better equipping children to be able to establish a general world understanding and self-knowledge. (Louw, D.A., Van Ede, D.M., Ferns, I, Schoeman, W.J. & Wait, J., 1998, p. 322). The largest proportion of South Africa's school going children are in primary school and therefore in middle childhood (Louw, D.A., Van Ede, D.M., Ferns, I, Schoeman, W.J.

  2. Is Popular culture an Influence on Violent Behaviour?

    Despite this easy accessibility of popular culture - film, television, music and radio - to young people, popular culture and adolescence are not mutually exclusive with the effects and the range of mass media affecting one in three adults in America.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work