• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Approximately 240,000 children every year find themselves experiencing the emotional and practical difficulties arising from their parents separating or divorcing" (NACCC 2001).

Extracts from this document...


"Approximately 240,000 children every year find themselves experiencing the emotional and practical difficulties arising from their parents separating or divorcing." (NACCC 2001). In most cases parents can be responsible, put their own feelings aside and do what is best by their children by mutually agreeing on contact without the use of solicitors and the courts etc. Unfortunately however there are many cases where this does not occur. Usually this happens through lack of trust and communication, which develops because of many different reasons e.g. one partner having an affair. As a result of this many children lose contact with close attachment figures and many members of their extended family. If children are denied contact with their non-residential parent they may start to feel rejected or abandoned, blame themselves for what has happened, feel increasingly insecure and may even become withdrawn and in some cases depressed. Research by the NACCC has indicated that children who experience this situation may start to take unnecessary risks or even harm themselves through feelings such as 'I just don't care anymore'. In many cases children have become rebellious and in some cases to the extent of anti-social behaviour within their communities and in school or wherever they can receive the most attention. Most disturbingly however many researchers state that the denial of contact can lead to a child experiencing difficulties in establishing happy and lasting relationships in adulthood and thus the cycle continues. ...read more.


Between 10 and 15 families attend and there are usually 8 volunteers plus the Coordinator present. Throughout the year the Centre continued to open on Wednesdays from 2.30 to 4.30 pm. From the middle of June 2003, this has been extended to 3.00 - 7.00 pm to enable older children to attend after school and also to make midweek contact available to parents who are working. Four volunteers plus the Coordinator are present on Wednesdays. Throughout the first few visits families arrive where adults are apprehensive, often hurt and angry, and children are upset and confused. Over a period of time, in most cases, tensions lessen between parents and trust and confidence begin to build again to the extent that families can move on and make their own arrangements in the community. Ideally, the Child Contact Centre is a stepping stone which provides a neutral, relaxed setting for children to build or rebuild relationships with a parent or other relative with great practical and emotional support. It is not a "normal" situation or a long-term solution. "Attachment theory supplies us with an understanding of the abiding need for secure attachments, the profound significance of separation and loss and the lifelong importance of our relationship with others." (Fox, I. Website 1). Originally attachment theory has been based upon and is greatly influenced by psychoanalytic theorists e.g. Freud. Attachment theorists especially Bowlby (1969) ...read more.


This was primarily proposed by John Bowlby in 1951 who believed that if a child was deprived of the opportunity to form an attachment during the early years of life then social, emotional and/or intellectual problems would develop later in life. Bowlby also suggested that it could lead to conditions such as depression, bed-wetting and even dwarfism. (Birch, A. 1997). Rutter, M (1972, 1981) supported Bowlby's position that disruption of early child care could have adverse effects on psychological development. However he disagreed and contested Bowlby's concept of maternal deprivation. He stressed the effects of maternal deprivation were more likely to be due to the lack of something (privation) rather than any kind of loss (deprivation). Rutter M. believed that the crucial factor in determining the adverse effects of psychological development was what happened before and after the separation. His more plausible explanation attributed children's problems to family discord, loneliness, and changes in discipline and the changed circumstance of the residential parent e.g. the lower income or having to go out to work. Despite the debate on the actual causes, either the separation itself or other factors surrounding it all researchers agree that children are seriously affected in their psychological development and more often than not will continue into adulthood with serious problems. This could and does lead to a vicious cycle that is affecting many families. The concepts of 'attachment', 'loss', 'separation' and 'change' are very important for understanding lifelong human development and is a crucial component for social work. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Physical, Social and Emotional Development of Children.

    During the experiment, the baby has sometime by itself as well as with a stranger. 1. Parent and baby enter the room 2. Parent remains inactive; baby is free to explore the room. 3. Stranger joins the parent and infant.

  2. Autism & Learning Difficulties.

    * 5 - 30% of autistic people above average IQ's a lot of autistic people have normal IQ's = hard to diagnose. * Some people with autism can have outstanding ability in a particular subject area, commonly mathematics, art or music they are savants.

  1. Investigate the stages that infants go through when developing attachments.

    One variable is not necessarily causing the other. Curtiss (1989) Aim - To investigate the long term effects of privation. Procedure - * Curtiss and other researchers carried out a case study of one girl, Genie. * They came across Genie when she was brought into a hospital in LA, aged 13.

  2. Is Popular culture an Influence on Violent Behaviour?

    It is, in many ways, the opposite problem from the Hypodermic Needle, but in conjunction with that theory one can see that it is not enough to say that violence on the screen causes violent behaviour. By looking at a variety of theories, case studies and different means of controlling

  1. Task1 Counselling 1aPhysical signs and symptoms of stress

    to the prevention of offending * Regard to the welfare of the child * Sentencing must reflect the seriousness of the offending Tensions can arise between these principles, as a sentence that concentrates heavily on prevention of offences by imposing greater penalties will not necessarily be the best for the

  2. The study into the use of Roamer in promoting basic concepts in geometry for ...

    The main element of children's thinking during this stage is relating to direct and concrete situations. Children perform the operation in the presence of the actual objects. They must be able to look at the object or even be able to manipulate the materials used to understand a concept.

  1. 'I blame it on their parents'

    Any disturbing behaviour must surely have been caused by insufficient parenting skills. A disturbed adult will be replicated in their disturbed child. The link appears strong and clear. However if we look further than the superficial, commonly accepted belief about the links between parenting and children's development then it soon

  2. It has been established that human social development depends in a fundamental way on ...

    Klaus & Kennell (1976) two paediatricians put forward the theory that they too believed there was a critical period when attachment took place, this was immediately after birth, when the mother was physiologically pre-disposed to bond with her infant. It was during this time that the strength of the attachment was determined.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work