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Are Forgotten Memories Lost, or Just Irretrievable ?
The first 200 words of this essay...
Are Forgotten Memories Lost, or Just Irretrievable ?.Discuss.
Memory is a great artist. For every man and for every woman, it makes
the recollection of his or her life a work of art and an unfaithful
record. (Maurois, 1929) Memories are events in our daily life that are
either retained because they are personally significant or lost
because of their insignificance. Retained memories may be of a vivid
quality but their accuracy upon retrieval is questionable, containing
minor or major errors.
Substitution of the Old for the New
Loftus (Loftus & Loftus,1980) provided evidence disproving the view
that all memories are permanent and thus potentially recoverable. It
was argued that when people are given new and misleading information
about a previously seen incident, they are often unable to remember
the original incident accurately and that the "forgetting" observed
under these conditions is due to the loss of original memories once
new information has been encoded. That is, substitution of the old
information for the new has occured. This updating of old memories is
assumed to be automatic and has
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