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AS Psychology Coursework (Edexcel)

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Introduction

Introduction My investigation will be on Cue dependent forgetting. This theory of memory suggests that forgetting occurs as a result of missing cues that were present at the time the memory was encoded. According to this when the conditions of encoding are the same recall is much easier. Tulving explained to forms of Cue dependent forgetting , state dependent forgetting and context dependent forgetting. State dependent forgetting occurs as we are not in the same state of mind as we were when learning the information i.e. the emotional and mental state of the individual. For example they could be happy, depressed, upset or under the influence of drugs and alcohol. There is some evidence that the physiological state or mood might also affect retrieval. Goodwin et al (1969) found that heavy drinkers who learn things in a drunken state are more likely to recall them in a similar state. The basis of context dependent forgetting is the environment, failure of recall may occur when the context is different, remembering may take place when the context in which the memory was encoded is repeated. Godden and Baddeley ( 1975) ...read more.

Middle

They will be given instructions on the experiment, they will then read the scenario about a road traffic accident for a maximum of one minute. Half will remain in the same place as they were and answer the questions on the scenario, the other half will be moved to another place and answer the questions about the scenario. These questions will of course test the memory of the participants on what they have just read, they will be given two minutes to answer the questions. Participants in the second condition will be told they will have to leave where they currently are and go elsewhere at the beginning of the experiment that way they won't withdraw during the experiment or refuse when we ask them. The study will be easy to replicate, as the information given is simple and the procedure is simple. The variables which will be controlled are the timing of reading the scenario and the answering of the questions, so that it remains a fair test. Also as mentioned before, we will separate the scenario sheet and the question sheet, so they don't look for the answers. ...read more.

Conclusion

4 9. 3 10. 6 11. 5 12. 4 13. 6 14. 3 15. 7 Mean Average 4.8 Appendix Instructions You are about to take part in an experiment in which you will read a scenario about a road traffic accident. You have one minute to read the scenario. You have the right to withdraw from the experiment at any time. Scenario Stuart was driving a silver Land Rover down the M25. Police Constable John Anderson clocks Stuart's speed at 86 mph in his undercover green Vauxhall Astra, so he turns on his siren and goes after Stuart. Stuart panics and speeds off. He accidentally crashes into a red Ford Fiesta belonging to a 27 year old female. This was a minor crash with no injuries suffered. Below are 10 questions on the Scenario you have just read. You have two minutes to answer the questions. 1. What was the name of the Offender 2. What car was the offender driving 3. What colour was their car. 4. What speed were they driving at 5. What was the name of the Police officer. 6. What road did the incident take place 7. What colour was the Policeman's car 8. What kind of car did the offender crash into 9. How old was the victim What make was the Police Officers ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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