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Assessment has had an important place in the history of career counseling.

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Introduction

Assessment has had an important place in the history of career counseling. The trait-and-factor approach relied heavily on matching the requirements of an occupation with the individual's characteristics. The Minnesota group among others developed many tests to help simplify the process, such as the Minnesota spatial relation test, Minnesota clerical test and the Minnesota rate of manipulation test. The creation of many tests was stimulated by the career counseling movement. Group intelligence tests became widely used in the schools, business and industry because of the success of Army Alpher and Army Beta examination during world war I. World war II stimulated the used of multiaptitide tests. It was then tests was reevaluated and issues such as cultural and gender bias and the validity of test for the situation they were used. At present assessment has ventured into new directions, one is in the used of the computer. ...read more.

Middle

Criterion-reference tests allowed people to see what skills and competencies they have mastered. The diagonostic use of test result help learners in improving their performance from knowing their strenghts and weaknesses. The accountability movement has influenced t The use of experimental design, pre-and postesting to investigate growth in career maturity, Assertiveness, self-confidence, and the like. Prediger (1974) identify three major purposes assessment in counseling . The first is to help stimulate, broaden, and provide focus in their career exploration.. Zunker(1994) saw tests as providing diagnostic, counseling. He felt that diagnostic information can be use to increase individual's self-awareness and to help individual's identify their strengths. Herr and Cramer (1992) states that tests in career counseling help clients understand their interest, values and personality characteristics. In career counseling many types of tests are used the primary one are aptitude, achievement, interest, vocational maturity, values and career development. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Salience Inventory is a test developed to measure the relative importance of the roles of study, work and career, home and family, community service, and leisure activities, on a person's life and the values the individual seeks in each role. The Career Maturity Inventory is authored by John O. Crites. The CMI has two parts, an attitude scale and a competency test. The attitude scale measure five areas: decisiveness in career decision-making, involvement in career decision making, independence in career decision making, orientation to career decision making, and compromise in career decision making. Tests and assessment instruments is just one tool to Help client gain greater self-awareness and knowledge of their interests, aptitudes, values and achievement. Counselors need to be knowledgeable about the instruments and be trained in test administration and interpretation. Counselors need to make sure that the tests and assessment instruments are valid and reliable for which purposes they intend to use them. ...read more.

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