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Attachment theory.

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Attachments The attachment theory talks about the early significance and developments of attachment between infants and their mothers. Attachment can be defined as intense, emotional ties to specific people. The attachment process can be divided into pre-attachment, discriminate and indiscriminate and multiple attachment phases. The development of specific attachment is shown through separation anxiety. The most influential versions of this approach was probably that of Sigmund Freud, who believed that the infants upset at the mothers absence is based on the crass fear that bodily needs would now go unsatisfied. The British psychiatrist john bowlby called this the cupboard theory of mother love. The cupboard theory of the infants tie to her mother has been criticized on several grounds. ...read more.


In the real world the likely person would be his mother because she has been around throughout the infant's life. The strange situation is used to classify the baby's basic attachment to the mother into three main types: anxious-avoidant, securely attached and anxious resistant. The crucial feature determining the quality of attachment is the mother's sensitivity. Bolwby suggest that such a built in fear of the unfamiliar has a simple survival value. Infants who lack it are more likely to stray away from their mothers and will be more likely to go and perish. Bolwby suggest that the first five years of life are crucial to the Child's later development. He highlighted four majors systems in infant behavior, whereby he stated that children use all four of these systems in their interaction with their environment and the people around them. ...read more.


However, if the child can get some form of attention and feel close to an adult, such infant can overcome deprivation. Furthermore, the idea that early experience produces inevitable consequences for later life exerted a powerful influence on adoption policies. The usual beliefs of adoption agencies is that children need to be adopted before they reach the age five in order to reconstruct the damage done to their attachment. In conclusion, attachment in infants is concerned with how the infant's closets relationship with its parents and caretakers develop. Although early processes are important, emotion goes on developing throughout the life-span. Infants who do not have any sort of attachment or close relationship with an adult do feel deprived however, research implies that it is possible to recover from the worst severed deprived childhoods, as far as they can experience help and warm relationships ...read more.

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