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attachment theory

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Introduction

Psychology assignment part 1 Attachment is an important factor in a childs life. It makes them feel safe and secure. 'The infant's tendency to seek the closeness to particular people and to feel more secure in their presence.' (Erikson 1976) I think that when Erikson made this statement, what he was actually saying was that an attachment is when a child is more comfortable in a setting if they are with the people they are closest to and the people that they like to be with and seek attention of these people more than others. 'Attachment is like a piece of invisible string that binds individuals in a way that allows a healthy development' (psychology for AS level). This statement in my opinion states that an attachment which forms a bond between the people involved is important for good development for the child. What happens if there isn't a bond or an attachment in the child's life? I am going to look into three different psychologists theories on attachment and see what their opinions on the subject are. The first psychologist I am looking into is Bowlby. ...read more.

Middle

They looked more at children with multiple attachments which contradicts Bowlby's theory which said only one strong attachment can be made. They broke their findings down in to four sections. These sections are Asocial stage which is children of 0-2, the indiscriminate stage, children of 2-7 months, specific stage which is children of 7 months plus and then finally multiple attachment. Asocial stage is described to be where the children aged 0-2 months will respond to human faces but will not show any main distress towards whom it is they are with. This means that if you placed a 0-2 month baby in a day care setting then they will not really kick much of a fuss when their mother leaves them they will usually be happy and content as long as they are getting some attention. On my placement while I was working in the 0-2 room the youngest child there at the time was only 6 weeks old she would come to nursery with no hassle every day after her nap she would sometimes cry a little bit until she got some attention. She was happy when her mum came to get her but she didn't cry for her when she wasn't there. ...read more.

Conclusion

up and carry it round again where as if it is out of the way the child will hopefully play for a longer amount of time. The child gets it back if she asks for it or if she becomes distressed on upset in anyway. In my placement to avoid too much stress and upset for the new children coming to nursery, they have an induction period. This is where the child will come in to the nursery with their parent to have a look around, meet the staff and the other children in the setting. The child gets to play with the toys and will start to get used to the setting so when its time for their parent to leave then it won't be so distressing. When a child is in the setting some of the parents come and visit the child during lunch time or if they get a break at work. This was good for some children as it reassured the children that their parents were coming back for them and they hadn't just left them forever. For some children however this was not beneficial and the situation was more distressing for them having to say bye to their carer all over again. ...read more.

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