• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Bowlby claimed that children who experience early and lasting separations from their primary attachment figure would experience later emotional maladjustment - Consider the extent to which Bowlby's research has been supported.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Rebecca Johnson 12A Bowlby claimed that children who experience early and lasting separations from their primary attachment figure would experience later emotional maladjustment. Consider the extent to which Bowlby's research has been supported by research evidence related to privation (24 marks) Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis supports this idea that if a child is unable to form a warm, intimate and continuous relationship with its primary care giver. Bowlby demonstrated this idea in his study of 44 thieves. Bowlby used 88 clients' form a child guidance clinic where he worked. Out the 88 children 44 were the 'thieves', due to the fact that they had been referred to the clinic because of stealing. He identified these as been affectionless psychopaths, because they appeared to have little sense of social responsibility and showed no guilt for their crimes. The other children referred to the clinic had not committed any crimes, were emotionally maladjusted, but did not show any signs of antisocial behavior. These children were not diagnosed as affectionless psychopaths and they acted as the control group. ...read more.

Middle

The twin's mother had died while giving birth to them. They went to a children's home for 11 months, spent 6 months with their aunt and then had to go and stay with their father and stepmother. The father was of low intelligence and the stepmother would keep then inside as they were never allowed out. They were kept in either an unheated closet or a cellar. They were discovered at the ages of 7 and as a result of their stepmother's cruelty they could hardly walk, had acute rickets, were fearful and their speech was poor. The twins were also rehabilitated like Isabelle and managed to make excellent progress and live a fairly normal life. Curtiss (1977) studied Genie, who was found when she was 13 years old. She had suffered years of isolation, severe neglect and physical restraint. She was strapped to a child's potty in the attic by her father. She did not recover as easily as Isabelle and the Czechoslovakian twins despite intervention and being placed with a foster family. ...read more.

Conclusion

On the other hand the latter children had gone back to the homes where their parents were ambivalent about them, whereas the other children had gone to homes where the parents wanted them. The overall conclusion of this experiment was that the two ex-institution groups adopted and restored differed within their family relationships. However there were similarities in the behavior of the two groups outside the family when interacting with other adults and peers. Both groups were more likely to seek adult attention and approval than the control children and were less successful in their peer relationships. Therefore it can be concluded that the early effects of institutionalization were improved by subsequent attachments but there were lasting affects as well. In my opinion I think that this study does support Bowlbys hypothesis, because he said that without a child having the love and care of a specific attachment they would not be emotionally stable when they were older. This same pattern is shown by Tizard and Hodges ads the children in this study had been institutionalized and therefore did not have the chance to make any attachment therefore this caused them to gain detrimental affects. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Outline research (theories and/or studies) into privation and consider how the research helps us ...

    In theory according to the temperament hypothesis they should have had easier relationships with everyone. This provides support to the view privation has negative long-term effects. On the other hand there are alternative explanations for the study's findings of the children at age 16.

  2. This curriculum plan is to be based on children aged between nought to two ...

    In the situation that I was in it was quite easy to make sure that all the children had a turn with the resources, however as I started the activity in the afternoon I nearly did not fit all the children in to take part, I managed this eventually but

  1. Physical, Social and Emotional Development of Children.

    A good example is sickle cell anaemia, which is an inherited blood disease, which limits the oxygen-carrying capacity of the lungs. Even before babies are born, health professionals are keeping track on their growth. This is done by using ultrasound scans, weighing the mother and also by feeling the abdomen of the mother.

  2. Infant's Attachments

    It is very clear that a secure attachment to an infant's mother or caregiver is very important in determining what kind of personality the child will have in the future. A secure attachment gives the infant a head start or a little help, if you will, in making and keeping

  1. A research project to look if bullying is spiralling out of control

    Another problem I may encounter is that as the children will be filling the answers in a different room to avoid interviewer bias, another child may be able to fill in the child's answers who it was intended for. Another method I plan to use are interviews.

  2. It has been established that human social development depends in a fundamental way on ...

    It was also argued that Bowlby failed to take account in his studies what had happened to the children after the separation. Bowlby was influenced greatly by James Robertson's research on the effects of separation on mother and child through hospitalisation.

  1. Discuss the significance of early attachments for later peer relationships and adjustment.

    At reunion the securely attached child treats its mother positively and clearly prefers its mother and not the stranger. Insecure avoidant attachment is when the child avoids contact with the mother, especially after a period of absence. The child does not resist its mother's attempts to make contact but does

  2. To what extent has research supported Bowlby's claim that a child's attachment to the ...

    Bowlby, was one of the main characters that played a part in the development of the stage theory. He believed that a child went through certain developments and that during some of these, it is critical to have a secure attachment.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work