• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Bowlby claimed that children who experience early and lasting separations from their primary attachment figure would experience later emotional maladjustment - Consider the extent to which Bowlby's research has been supported.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Rebecca Johnson 12A Bowlby claimed that children who experience early and lasting separations from their primary attachment figure would experience later emotional maladjustment. Consider the extent to which Bowlby's research has been supported by research evidence related to privation (24 marks) Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis supports this idea that if a child is unable to form a warm, intimate and continuous relationship with its primary care giver. Bowlby demonstrated this idea in his study of 44 thieves. Bowlby used 88 clients' form a child guidance clinic where he worked. Out the 88 children 44 were the 'thieves', due to the fact that they had been referred to the clinic because of stealing. He identified these as been affectionless psychopaths, because they appeared to have little sense of social responsibility and showed no guilt for their crimes. The other children referred to the clinic had not committed any crimes, were emotionally maladjusted, but did not show any signs of antisocial behavior. These children were not diagnosed as affectionless psychopaths and they acted as the control group. ...read more.

Middle

The twin's mother had died while giving birth to them. They went to a children's home for 11 months, spent 6 months with their aunt and then had to go and stay with their father and stepmother. The father was of low intelligence and the stepmother would keep then inside as they were never allowed out. They were kept in either an unheated closet or a cellar. They were discovered at the ages of 7 and as a result of their stepmother's cruelty they could hardly walk, had acute rickets, were fearful and their speech was poor. The twins were also rehabilitated like Isabelle and managed to make excellent progress and live a fairly normal life. Curtiss (1977) studied Genie, who was found when she was 13 years old. She had suffered years of isolation, severe neglect and physical restraint. She was strapped to a child's potty in the attic by her father. She did not recover as easily as Isabelle and the Czechoslovakian twins despite intervention and being placed with a foster family. ...read more.

Conclusion

On the other hand the latter children had gone back to the homes where their parents were ambivalent about them, whereas the other children had gone to homes where the parents wanted them. The overall conclusion of this experiment was that the two ex-institution groups adopted and restored differed within their family relationships. However there were similarities in the behavior of the two groups outside the family when interacting with other adults and peers. Both groups were more likely to seek adult attention and approval than the control children and were less successful in their peer relationships. Therefore it can be concluded that the early effects of institutionalization were improved by subsequent attachments but there were lasting affects as well. In my opinion I think that this study does support Bowlbys hypothesis, because he said that without a child having the love and care of a specific attachment they would not be emotionally stable when they were older. This same pattern is shown by Tizard and Hodges ads the children in this study had been institutionalized and therefore did not have the chance to make any attachment therefore this caused them to gain detrimental affects. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Physical, Social and Emotional Development of Children.

    In 1951 his findings showed that meeting children's physical needs alone was not sufficient - children were being psychologically damaged because of the absence of their mothers." The term 'maternal deprivation' was used to describe this effect. He noticed an overwhelming trend - most of these children had suffered separation form their mothers and families.

  2. This curriculum plan is to be based on children aged between nought to two ...

    encourage them to learn and that is relevant to the stages they are at. Jean Piaget (1896-1980) states that children learn thorough play that they think in a different way to adults Piaget is the main theorist that has developed the understanding of how children learn and the curriculum has taken.

  1. A research project to look if bullying is spiralling out of control

    One day before the interview she rang me as she had to cancel and we rearranged the date. Again the day before the next interview she rang me up to cancel. We could not both find a date to re arrange it so therefore we had to cancel it altogether.

  2. Investigate the stages that infants go through when developing attachments.

    were returned to their original home did manage to develop close attachments with their parents. This suggests that factors other than type of care, such as personality or IQ can influence the likelihood of institutionalised children being capable of forming attachments.

  1. Outline research (theories and/or studies) into privation and consider how the research helps us ...

    There are also possible issues of sample bias concerning this study as perhaps the adopted children were ''easier'' as parents are likely to select children that are easier to get on with. However, this doesn't explain the difficulties adopted children had making relationships with peers.

  2. Infant's Attachments

    relationships with peers, friends, family, teachers and even romantic relationships during the rest of his or her life. Sadly, an insecure attachment has an opposite it can make life harder and even damage a child socially. The good news is there are simple ways to make sure your infant develops a secure attachment to you.

  1. It has been established that human social development depends in a fundamental way on ...

    They found evidence in their studies that a high percentage of abused children had been born prematurely. Because these children were put into an incubator and separated from their parents an attachment was unable to develop, resulting in later abuse toward the children.

  2. Discuss the significance of early attachments for later peer relationships and adjustment.

    At reunion the securely attached child treats its mother positively and clearly prefers its mother and not the stranger. Insecure avoidant attachment is when the child avoids contact with the mother, especially after a period of absence. The child does not resist its mother's attempts to make contact but does

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work