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Bowlby claimed that children who experience early and lasting separations from their primary attachment figure would experience later emotional maladjustment - Consider the extent to which Bowlby's research has been supported.

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Introduction

Rebecca Johnson 12A Bowlby claimed that children who experience early and lasting separations from their primary attachment figure would experience later emotional maladjustment. Consider the extent to which Bowlby's research has been supported by research evidence related to privation (24 marks) Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis supports this idea that if a child is unable to form a warm, intimate and continuous relationship with its primary care giver. Bowlby demonstrated this idea in his study of 44 thieves. Bowlby used 88 clients' form a child guidance clinic where he worked. Out the 88 children 44 were the 'thieves', due to the fact that they had been referred to the clinic because of stealing. He identified these as been affectionless psychopaths, because they appeared to have little sense of social responsibility and showed no guilt for their crimes. The other children referred to the clinic had not committed any crimes, were emotionally maladjusted, but did not show any signs of antisocial behavior. These children were not diagnosed as affectionless psychopaths and they acted as the control group. ...read more.

Middle

The twin's mother had died while giving birth to them. They went to a children's home for 11 months, spent 6 months with their aunt and then had to go and stay with their father and stepmother. The father was of low intelligence and the stepmother would keep then inside as they were never allowed out. They were kept in either an unheated closet or a cellar. They were discovered at the ages of 7 and as a result of their stepmother's cruelty they could hardly walk, had acute rickets, were fearful and their speech was poor. The twins were also rehabilitated like Isabelle and managed to make excellent progress and live a fairly normal life. Curtiss (1977) studied Genie, who was found when she was 13 years old. She had suffered years of isolation, severe neglect and physical restraint. She was strapped to a child's potty in the attic by her father. She did not recover as easily as Isabelle and the Czechoslovakian twins despite intervention and being placed with a foster family. ...read more.

Conclusion

On the other hand the latter children had gone back to the homes where their parents were ambivalent about them, whereas the other children had gone to homes where the parents wanted them. The overall conclusion of this experiment was that the two ex-institution groups adopted and restored differed within their family relationships. However there were similarities in the behavior of the two groups outside the family when interacting with other adults and peers. Both groups were more likely to seek adult attention and approval than the control children and were less successful in their peer relationships. Therefore it can be concluded that the early effects of institutionalization were improved by subsequent attachments but there were lasting affects as well. In my opinion I think that this study does support Bowlbys hypothesis, because he said that without a child having the love and care of a specific attachment they would not be emotionally stable when they were older. This same pattern is shown by Tizard and Hodges ads the children in this study had been institutionalized and therefore did not have the chance to make any attachment therefore this caused them to gain detrimental affects. ...read more.

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