• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Briefly describe Atkinson & Shiffrin's multi-store model of memory.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Briefly describe Atkinson & Shiffrin's multi-store model of memory. This is a structural model which suggests that people have their memory stored in a sensory store or buffer, short-term and long-term memory. The sensory buffer results from some form of stimulation to the senses. If the information is attended to it will transfer to the Short-term memory (STM), alternatively if rehearsed it will go to the permanent Long-term memory (LTM). ...read more.

Middle

When remembering numbers such as phone numbers the memory captivity is 7 numbers (+/-2). If the information is rehearsed then it is transferred to the long-term memory. If the information is not rehearsed it will decay and become forgotten. The information stored in the short-term memory is encoded using acoustic and articulatory methods. Acoustic methods are when people store the sound of the information in their mind. However homophones (words that sound alike e.g. ...read more.

Conclusion

The information stored in the long-term memory is encoded using semantic coding. Semantic coding is when you give a meaning to something, e.g. If the words to remember are "Cat, Mat, Sat" then you could remember "The cat sat on the mat" Also the mind can try and find patterns and links in the information, e.g. the words are "Big, Large, Giant, Huge, Massive", then the link is that they're alternatives for the word "Big" To recall information it transfers from long-term memory back to the short-term memory through rehearsal. Eva Blake Psychology 12W PHSG ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. SHORT TERM MEMORY

    (See appendix 4) After this, the participants are informed to "now write down any words that you can recall at the sound of a beep". The beep was used to make it a fair investigation, so that no participant has a head start ahead of the other.

  2. Investigating the short-term memory

    This hypothesis was decided on because it will be interesting to see how effective the short-term memory is, because the short-term memory is useful and essential in most of our everyday life - it's inevitable. This aim was chosen because it is interesting to see whether a distraction will affect

  1. Outline and Evaluate the Multi Store Model of Memory and One Alternative Model

    As expected the participants, when asked to recall the words, were able to remember more of the difficult words than the easy ones. They did not use deeper processing for the more difficult category, as semantic understanding was not required in either group; however their retention was clearly better for the harder anagrams.

  2. Investigation into acoustic and visual encoding in short-term memory

    The procedure was repeated for the same group, however they had also experienced the second condition, which will be the acoustically dissimilar words. The precise instructions that were given to the participants by the researcher when they first entered the classroom were: - "As you all know, an investigation

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work