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Briefly describe Atkinson & Shiffrin's multi-store model of memory.

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Introduction

Briefly describe Atkinson & Shiffrin's multi-store model of memory. This is a structural model which suggests that people have their memory stored in a sensory store or buffer, short-term and long-term memory. The sensory buffer results from some form of stimulation to the senses. If the information is attended to it will transfer to the Short-term memory (STM), alternatively if rehearsed it will go to the permanent Long-term memory (LTM). ...read more.

Middle

When remembering numbers such as phone numbers the memory captivity is 7 numbers (+/-2). If the information is rehearsed then it is transferred to the long-term memory. If the information is not rehearsed it will decay and become forgotten. The information stored in the short-term memory is encoded using acoustic and articulatory methods. Acoustic methods are when people store the sound of the information in their mind. However homophones (words that sound alike e.g. ...read more.

Conclusion

The information stored in the long-term memory is encoded using semantic coding. Semantic coding is when you give a meaning to something, e.g. If the words to remember are "Cat, Mat, Sat" then you could remember "The cat sat on the mat" Also the mind can try and find patterns and links in the information, e.g. the words are "Big, Large, Giant, Huge, Massive", then the link is that they're alternatives for the word "Big" To recall information it transfers from long-term memory back to the short-term memory through rehearsal. Eva Blake Psychology 12W PHSG ...read more.

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