• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Briefly describe Atkinson & Shiffrin's multi-store model of memory.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Briefly describe Atkinson & Shiffrin's multi-store model of memory. This is a structural model which suggests that people have their memory stored in a sensory store or buffer, short-term and long-term memory. The sensory buffer results from some form of stimulation to the senses. If the information is attended to it will transfer to the Short-term memory (STM), alternatively if rehearsed it will go to the permanent Long-term memory (LTM). ...read more.

Middle

When remembering numbers such as phone numbers the memory captivity is 7 numbers (+/-2). If the information is rehearsed then it is transferred to the long-term memory. If the information is not rehearsed it will decay and become forgotten. The information stored in the short-term memory is encoded using acoustic and articulatory methods. Acoustic methods are when people store the sound of the information in their mind. However homophones (words that sound alike e.g. ...read more.

Conclusion

The information stored in the long-term memory is encoded using semantic coding. Semantic coding is when you give a meaning to something, e.g. If the words to remember are "Cat, Mat, Sat" then you could remember "The cat sat on the mat" Also the mind can try and find patterns and links in the information, e.g. the words are "Big, Large, Giant, Huge, Massive", then the link is that they're alternatives for the word "Big" To recall information it transfers from long-term memory back to the short-term memory through rehearsal. Eva Blake Psychology 12W PHSG ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. SHORT TERM MEMORY

    (See appendix 4) After this, the participants are informed to "now write down any words that you can recall at the sound of a beep". The beep was used to make it a fair investigation, so that no participant has a head start ahead of the other.

  2. Investigating the short-term memory

    Another EV that could have affected the DV is the time of the day the experiment took place, as in the morning, participants tend to be more alert than in the afternoon. The control for this EV was that the experiment was conducted in the morning, when all participants are the most alert.

  1. Investigation into acoustic and visual encoding in short-term memory

    However instead of using acoustically similar and dissimilar words, the researcher decided to use acoustically similar and dissimilar images. The results of this investigation go onto similarly support the study conducted by Baddeley (1986) as he clearly found that the similarity of meaning had only a very slight detrimental effect

  2. Outline and Evaluate the Multi Store Model of Memory and One Alternative Model

    Some researchers have said that this is because the level of processing doesn't affect retention at all, but instead it is the amount of processing effort that is used in learning that determines the rate of retention.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work