• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Britain and the second world war.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Britain and the second world war 1. During the second world war, Germany and Britain were at war. Due to Britain's geographic location the two engaged themselves in an aerial battle. Bombing raids on towns and cities were rife. Having anticipated this, the British government decided to evacuate children, mothers, pregnant women and the disabled to safer areas of the country. Source B is a photograph taken in September 1939 of both children and teachers making their way to a station in London, the people in the photograph all seem to be waving. This is a reliable source because an original piece of evidence as it is a primary source, which has been taken from the time. Another point in favour of the photograph is that it is difficult to change a photograph, so we can study the picture without the fear of bias or prejudice. Another point of a photograph's reliability is the fact that it does not change with time; the photograph is the same now as it was when it was taken: it can help us see what was and wasn't without exaggeration. Additionally a photograph is visual. We do not have to envisage the era by looking at accounts of people (which may prove difficult as different people can interpret the same thing in a different way). ...read more.

Middle

After analysing the text I believe that this novel (and most others) are not useful to understand what actually happened and should not be considered as evidence. 3. "Evacuation was a great success." Well me must first interpret what is meant by "success". Indeed there were many good points about the evacuation, yet it was not flawless. Source A is an extract from a textbook written in 1988 used probably to educate people. In the extract it claims "Arrangements, however, did not always go smoothly" and "There were reports of children "fouling" gardens, hair crawling with lice, and bed wetting." These quotes reveal to me the darker side of the evacuation. Even though I do not know exactly where the information in the extract comes from, there is some truth in it. Many children that were evacuated during the war were from very deprived parts of the city and when they got to the countryside it was a major shock for them. From an incredibly poor environment to an incredibly rich one (rich at the time) caused confusion and even fear among the children. Due to the evacuation being such a massive event much emphasis was placed on getting people to a destination, rather than what would happen when they got there. For instance, it was common for pregnant women to be sent to villages without modern medical facilities leading to painful and even dangerous labours. ...read more.

Conclusion

The government did not make foster parenting a completely thankless tasks, the governments paid carers (a good incentive for some though many were already rich). There was also the social good of the evacuation. Will many city people eventually ending up in the countryside there was a mix of cultures - rural people could see how badly some people in the city lived, and the city children could learn more about the countryside. For many children a new way of living had been introduced to them. Though these factors were of no significant value to the war effort but helped improve people conceptions of the country. Considering things from a military prospective, the evacuation was a success. During the war, the Luftwaffe battled ferociously with the Royal Air Force. However the Germans changed their tactics, instead of bombing airfields and military installations they concentrated on major cities. Though not widely publicised, Britain suffered greatly from the bombings. Nearing the end of the war, the Germans changed their bombing tactics again, they now used the dreaded V1 planes and later on the V2 rockets. The latter caused much death and destruction and no defence could be found. Britain lost many buildings and lives. Britain's casualties for children however was relatively low, because most were safe in the countryside. The safety of the children was a boost for moral, workers knew that their children were safe. Cities would also operate more efficiently with out the hinderance of the elderly, young and disabled. "Evacuation was a great success" I believe so. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. "Working conditions were terrible in 19th century Britain." Does the evidence support this view?

    Factory conditions were not terrible everywhere though, Robert Owen is a prime example of a factory where the workers were fit and healthy. Many mill owners were just too greedy, and were concentrating more on making a profit that their workers lives.

  2. I have decided to do my portfolio on Beaufort Park School, for several reasons. ...

    Although the school has a prospectus, it only has English writing, and many of the children who attend the school, are of different ethnic groups, and this could be a problem, as some of the parents may not be able to read/speak English.

  1. A sociological investigation into cohabitation in Britain today.

    The results of this can be used to link in the reasons why people believe there has been such an increase. 10. Do you think that cohabitation is now more acceptable in society? Yes No The results of this question show an obvious agreement in opinion regarding the acceptance of cohabitation.

  2. The evacuation of British Children - Which source is the more useful as evidence ...

    Source E is from an interview with a lady of a 'host family.' The source tell you all about how the children that she fostered behaved. The source is useful as it is telling you about how ill mannered the children where, but the source is also unreliable.

  1. Hertfordshire Leisure market for under 15's.

    Participation rates which are limited by cost and reduce with age. 3. A general satisfaction with the overall quantity and quality of local leisure provision. Future Development: 1.Emphasis on Swimming lesson scheme: Bill(1992,p.42)states that "people involved in leisure marketing should attempt to identify the needs and desires of consumers of leisure products and service.".

  2. The idea for my coursework is the potential changing aspirations of teenage girls in ...

    * No harm should be done to others as a result of the research * Researchers should be honest, truthful and open in their methods and behaviour. For my research I will do the following things to keep my practice ethical: * Clearly explain what my research is about, what

  1. Why did the British government try to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    Beneath that are four paragraphs of persuasive writing, informing the reader that it would be their patriotic duty to take evacuees in "for the nation". At the end of the article, it says "You may be saving a child's life" This statement in pulling tremendously at the heart strings of

  2. In response to growing tension and technological advances in war, the British government set ...

    made arrangements to instigate psychiatric aid for the handicapped, but were not carried out because of the end of the war. The government began to be more aware of the deep psychological marks the evacuation, and the war, could leave on an entire generation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work