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Britain and the second world war.

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Introduction

Britain and the second world war 1. During the second world war, Germany and Britain were at war. Due to Britain's geographic location the two engaged themselves in an aerial battle. Bombing raids on towns and cities were rife. Having anticipated this, the British government decided to evacuate children, mothers, pregnant women and the disabled to safer areas of the country. Source B is a photograph taken in September 1939 of both children and teachers making their way to a station in London, the people in the photograph all seem to be waving. This is a reliable source because an original piece of evidence as it is a primary source, which has been taken from the time. Another point in favour of the photograph is that it is difficult to change a photograph, so we can study the picture without the fear of bias or prejudice. Another point of a photograph's reliability is the fact that it does not change with time; the photograph is the same now as it was when it was taken: it can help us see what was and wasn't without exaggeration. Additionally a photograph is visual. We do not have to envisage the era by looking at accounts of people (which may prove difficult as different people can interpret the same thing in a different way). ...read more.

Middle

After analysing the text I believe that this novel (and most others) are not useful to understand what actually happened and should not be considered as evidence. 3. "Evacuation was a great success." Well me must first interpret what is meant by "success". Indeed there were many good points about the evacuation, yet it was not flawless. Source A is an extract from a textbook written in 1988 used probably to educate people. In the extract it claims "Arrangements, however, did not always go smoothly" and "There were reports of children "fouling" gardens, hair crawling with lice, and bed wetting." These quotes reveal to me the darker side of the evacuation. Even though I do not know exactly where the information in the extract comes from, there is some truth in it. Many children that were evacuated during the war were from very deprived parts of the city and when they got to the countryside it was a major shock for them. From an incredibly poor environment to an incredibly rich one (rich at the time) caused confusion and even fear among the children. Due to the evacuation being such a massive event much emphasis was placed on getting people to a destination, rather than what would happen when they got there. For instance, it was common for pregnant women to be sent to villages without modern medical facilities leading to painful and even dangerous labours. ...read more.

Conclusion

The government did not make foster parenting a completely thankless tasks, the governments paid carers (a good incentive for some though many were already rich). There was also the social good of the evacuation. Will many city people eventually ending up in the countryside there was a mix of cultures - rural people could see how badly some people in the city lived, and the city children could learn more about the countryside. For many children a new way of living had been introduced to them. Though these factors were of no significant value to the war effort but helped improve people conceptions of the country. Considering things from a military prospective, the evacuation was a success. During the war, the Luftwaffe battled ferociously with the Royal Air Force. However the Germans changed their tactics, instead of bombing airfields and military installations they concentrated on major cities. Though not widely publicised, Britain suffered greatly from the bombings. Nearing the end of the war, the Germans changed their bombing tactics again, they now used the dreaded V1 planes and later on the V2 rockets. The latter caused much death and destruction and no defence could be found. Britain lost many buildings and lives. Britain's casualties for children however was relatively low, because most were safe in the countryside. The safety of the children was a boost for moral, workers knew that their children were safe. Cities would also operate more efficiently with out the hinderance of the elderly, young and disabled. "Evacuation was a great success" I believe so. ...read more.

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