• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Britain and the second world war.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Britain and the second world war 1. During the second world war, Germany and Britain were at war. Due to Britain's geographic location the two engaged themselves in an aerial battle. Bombing raids on towns and cities were rife. Having anticipated this, the British government decided to evacuate children, mothers, pregnant women and the disabled to safer areas of the country. Source B is a photograph taken in September 1939 of both children and teachers making their way to a station in London, the people in the photograph all seem to be waving. This is a reliable source because an original piece of evidence as it is a primary source, which has been taken from the time. Another point in favour of the photograph is that it is difficult to change a photograph, so we can study the picture without the fear of bias or prejudice. Another point of a photograph's reliability is the fact that it does not change with time; the photograph is the same now as it was when it was taken: it can help us see what was and wasn't without exaggeration. Additionally a photograph is visual. We do not have to envisage the era by looking at accounts of people (which may prove difficult as different people can interpret the same thing in a different way). ...read more.

Middle

After analysing the text I believe that this novel (and most others) are not useful to understand what actually happened and should not be considered as evidence. 3. "Evacuation was a great success." Well me must first interpret what is meant by "success". Indeed there were many good points about the evacuation, yet it was not flawless. Source A is an extract from a textbook written in 1988 used probably to educate people. In the extract it claims "Arrangements, however, did not always go smoothly" and "There were reports of children "fouling" gardens, hair crawling with lice, and bed wetting." These quotes reveal to me the darker side of the evacuation. Even though I do not know exactly where the information in the extract comes from, there is some truth in it. Many children that were evacuated during the war were from very deprived parts of the city and when they got to the countryside it was a major shock for them. From an incredibly poor environment to an incredibly rich one (rich at the time) caused confusion and even fear among the children. Due to the evacuation being such a massive event much emphasis was placed on getting people to a destination, rather than what would happen when they got there. For instance, it was common for pregnant women to be sent to villages without modern medical facilities leading to painful and even dangerous labours. ...read more.

Conclusion

The government did not make foster parenting a completely thankless tasks, the governments paid carers (a good incentive for some though many were already rich). There was also the social good of the evacuation. Will many city people eventually ending up in the countryside there was a mix of cultures - rural people could see how badly some people in the city lived, and the city children could learn more about the countryside. For many children a new way of living had been introduced to them. Though these factors were of no significant value to the war effort but helped improve people conceptions of the country. Considering things from a military prospective, the evacuation was a success. During the war, the Luftwaffe battled ferociously with the Royal Air Force. However the Germans changed their tactics, instead of bombing airfields and military installations they concentrated on major cities. Though not widely publicised, Britain suffered greatly from the bombings. Nearing the end of the war, the Germans changed their bombing tactics again, they now used the dreaded V1 planes and later on the V2 rockets. The latter caused much death and destruction and no defence could be found. Britain lost many buildings and lives. Britain's casualties for children however was relatively low, because most were safe in the countryside. The safety of the children was a boost for moral, workers knew that their children were safe. Cities would also operate more efficiently with out the hinderance of the elderly, young and disabled. "Evacuation was a great success" I believe so. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. I have decided to do my portfolio on Beaufort Park School, for several reasons. ...

    parents in order to fund activities taking place, if the cost cannot be met by the school's budget. If a parent fails to make a contribution, their child will not be excluded from the activity. Beaufort Park School does ask parents for contributions towards theatre visits, school trips and some after school clubs, such as cooking club.

  2. The idea for my coursework is the potential changing aspirations of teenage girls in ...

    way of delaying the inevitability of marriage and in terms of working after marriage, combining careers with marriage Exploring this text written by Lees thoroughly interested me. It is evident that attitudes changed in terms of marriage from the 1970s when Sue Sharpe investigated, to the mid 1980's- a gap

  1. A sociological investigation into cohabitation in Britain today.

    Why/why not have you chosen to marry? This question links into my aim of why cohabitation has increased and so the results of this were important to my research. Due to the large number of 18-25 year participants, there were a few answers relating to them feeling too young to marry, which are irrelevant to my research.

  2. Hertfordshire Leisure market for under 15's.

    In national surveys, it has been shown consistently to be the most popular active indoor sport - around 12 million people swim regularly. It means that there is a great potential leisure market for under 15's. The goal of development strategy: The development strategy of Hatfield Swim Centre is concerned

  1. "Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    Most of the sources are those that are supplied by the school, however, there will be more added from Evacuees - good reactions Some evacuees were very happy to move into safer areas, and had a very good time. Two pictures were issued by the government, in which there were children.

  2. Why did the British government try to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    But others found country life difficult and all they wanted to do was go back home to where they felt more comfortable. The children were often very well looked after, as I saw in the video titled "Westward Ho!" I saw the children were greeted in the countryside with hot tea and many friendly faces.

  1. The evacuation of British Children - Which source is the more useful as evidence ...

    The government also made plans for the evacuation of all children from Britain's large cities. Sir John Anderson, who was placed in charge of the scheme, decided to divide the country into three areas: evacuation (people living in urban districts where heavy bombing raids could be expected); neutral (areas that would neither send nor take evacuees)

  2. "Working conditions were terrible in 19th century Britain." Does the evidence support this view?

    To stand up for themselves and to try and improve their lives, workers in Preston went on strike for thirty-six weeks seeking a ten percent rise. To raise money, they made up songs which they then sold copies of. Weavers would supervise two to four looms at a time, the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work