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Britain in the Second World War: The evacuation of British children.

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Britain in the Second World War: The evacuation of British children 1. Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War? There were many reasons for the British government deciding to evacuate children from Britain's major cities to the countryside at the start of the Second World War. One of the reasons was for the government themselves. By evacuating the children to the countryside it would show or make it seem to the citizens of Britain that the government actually cared about their children's welfare and that they wanted them kept safe out of harms way. This would make the mothers and fathers of the children feel as if the government were very good which could help them in elections when they came as it would really help boost the popularity of the government. Also, by evacuating the children from the major cities it would take a lot of pressure off the government and the civil defences (emergency services). With about one third of the British population being children it can mean a lot of problems. Children can get up to all types of mischief and cause havoc all over the cities, so it was in the government's best interest to evacuate them elsewhere, out of the way. Also if the children were kept in the cities there could have been a lot of deaths due to the bombing raids, and this could have led to a rebellion and many people asking and wondering why the government weren't doing anything about it. ...read more.


There were three main people involved in the evacuation of children during the Second World War and they all had different reactions to the policy of evacuating the Second World War. They were the hosts, the parents and the children themselves. The host's role was to take the children into their homes and look after them as if they were their own until the war had ended. Some of the hosts liked what they were doing, as they felt as if they were playing their part in the war, but others didn't like it at all. Some of the children were actually treated better than they were at their own homes, and now had a higher standard of living, they really enjoyed it, but then for some it was the total opposite. Some children were seen as just a nuisance to some hosts; they were ignored, mistreated and in some cases beaten by the hosts. The hosts were split on what to think about the policy, some liked it, some didn't mind and some hated it, but whatever they thought of it there was nothing they could do about it. But, at least they received some income for the children they took in, so wouldn't have to pay for them themselves. The children had very different reactions to the policy of evacuation. They all had a lot of different experiences. ...read more.


All you knew was that you had a job to do in the war and had to work hard. You didn't know who you children were staying with or what they were like so it would be a traumatic experience for the parents as well as the kids. Only mums with babies were allowed to evacuate out of the cities with them otherwise they had to work. But at least you knew you were doing your bit and hopefully the hard work would take your mind off things and stop you from worrying. The parents knew the policy was a good idea but probably still had their doubts about it. Another reaction was from the emergency services. They seemed to like it. It gave them a lot more time to concentrate on the war and big things rather than having little kids causing trouble. They liked the situation and it helped them out a lot which was another reason why the evacuation itself took place. There was a lot less people in the cities, less crimes, fires etc. which made their job a lot easier which I'm sure they appreciated. They definitely liked the policy. So this shows the different reactions about the policy. There were a lot of mixed opinions on whether it was good or not. Some liked it some didn't, but in my opinion it was a good thing but maybe if I was there I might have a different reaction to it. Word Count: 862 Joseph Murphy 11R ...read more.

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