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Causes and Prevention of Teenage Suicide

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Introduction

´╗┐Teenager Suicide ? A Silent Crisis Suicide ? A lifelong solution to momentary problems. Most teenagers who shared this thought had taken their lives, in longing for eternal relief of all their problems. According to WISQARS (2016), 10,895 adolescents between the age of 15 to 24 committed suicide in USA alone. Owing to social media and cyberbullying, teenage suicide is becoming a prevalent problem, which will turn rampant if not helped through several viable solutions. Depression, instigated by cyberbullying through social media, is the main cause of teenage suicide. Through social media, a teen?s everyday activities are subjected to people?s judgmental and harsh comments, known as cyberbullying. Due to a teenager's fragile mental health condition, they are vulnerable to developing depression. A research in 2011 found that approximately 2.2 million students between ages 12 to 18 were victims of cyberbullying (National Centre for Educational Statistics [NCES], as cited in Megan Meier Foundation, n.d.). Cyberbullying victims, who are constantly harassed and humiliated, tend to have lower self-esteem and feel dejected, which then evolve to suicidal thoughts. Among adolescents, cyberbullying victims were 1.9 times more likely to attempt suicide than their peers (Hinduja & Patchin, 2009). ...read more.

Middle

?Having forged the closest relationship with a teenager, parents and friends play crucial roles in preventing youthful suicide. Firstly, parents should get involved in more activities with their teens, such as family vacations, as to let them open up and express their emotions more comfortably (Vijaindren, 2018; King, Foster, & Rogalski, 2013 ). As a result, teens can release pent-up negative thoughts, which is the main cause of depression. Teenagers can also get expert opinions on how to handle certain situations from their parents, who have gone through many years of experience. Besides family members, friends also provide additional support to adolescents. Some teenagers may feel more easy-going among friends and are more likely to confide in them rather than family members. Research shows that 90% of adolescents confess their stress to peers rather than professionals (Deane, Wilson, & Ciarrochi, 2001). A good friend might be able to pick up suicidal warning signs from peers. For instance, a teen might talk about death and self-harm in front of friends, or start to take big risks such as car speeding (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], n.d.). ...read more.

Conclusion

Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jclp.1058 Hinduja, S.,& Patchin, J.W. (2009). Bullying Beyond the Schoolyard: Preventing and Responding to Cyberbullying. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications (Corwin Press). King, C.A., Foster, C.E., & Rogalski, K.M. (2013). Teen Suicide Risk: A Practitioner Guide to Screening, Assessment, and Management. New York, US: The Guilford Press. Megan Meier Foundation. (n.d.). Cyberbullying and Social Media. Retrieved from https://www.meganmeierfoundation.org/cyberbullying-social-media.html National Center for Injury and Prevention and Control (WISQARS). (2016). 10 leading causes of death by age group, United States. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/ injury/images/lccharts/leading_causes_of_death_age_group_2016_1056w814h.gif National Institute of Mental Health. (n.d.). Suicide Prevention. Retrieved from https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/suicide-prevention/ index.shtml#part_153177 Nordqvist, C. (2018, February 13). What are suicidal thoughts?. Medical News Today. Retrieved from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/kc/suicidal-thoughts-ideation- 193026. Smith, M.M.A ., Segal,J., &Robinson , L.(2018). Suicide Prevention:How to Help Someone who is Suicidal and Save a Life. Help guide.org. Retrieved from https://www.helpguide.org/articles/suicide-prevention/suicide-prevention.htm Soleimanpour , S., Geierstanger , S. P.,Kaller,S., McCarter, V., & Brindis,C.D.( 2011) .The role of school health centers in health care access and client outcomes. Am J Public Health. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20634445. ?The Malaysian Education System?. (2018). Retrieved from https://www.justlanded.com/ english/Malaysia/Malaysia-Guide/Education/Introduction Vijaindren ,A.(2018,January 7). Preventing teen suicide in era of social media. New Straits Times. Retrieved from https://www.nst.com.my/news/exclusive /2018/01/322455/ preventing-teen-suicide-era-social-media ...read more.

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